مساعدة الموقع لمواصلة النمو، مثل صفحة مروحة لدينا.

above   
      

لديها 5 خطابات ( a b o v e )         3 حروف العلة ( a o e )         2 الحروف الساكنة ( b v )         كلمة على العكس من ذلك evoba

التي في فئةENGLISH - PRONUNCIATION
معلومات عن الموضوع

English - Pronunciation

* (Received Pronunciation) /ə-bŭv/, IPA(key): /əˈbʌv/ * (US) IPA(key): /əˈbʌv/ * Rhymes: -ʌv

التي في فئةENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY
معلومات عن الموضوع

English - Etymology

From Middle English _above_ (“above”), _aboven_, _abuven_, from Old English _ābufan_, _onbufan_ from _a_ (“on”) + _bufan_ (“over”), (akin to Icelandic _ofan_ (“above”), Middle Dutch _bōven_, Old Frisian _bova_, Middle High German _bobene_) from _bī_ (“by”) + _ufan_ (“over”); also cognate with Danish _oven_, Dutch _boven_, German _oben_, Swedish _ovan_, Old Saxon _oƀan_, Old High German _obana_. The preposition, adjective and the noun derive from the adverb.

From Middle English above (above), aboven, abuven, from Old English ābufan, onbufan from a (on) + bufan (over), (akin to Icelandic ofan (above), Middle Dutch bōven, Old Frisian bova, Middle High German bobene) from (by) + ufan (over); also cognate with Danish oven, Dutch boven, German oben, Swedish ovan, Old Saxon oƀan, Old High German obana.

The preposition, adjective and the noun derive from the adverb.

التي في فئةENGLISH - PREPOSITION
معلومات عن الموضوع

English - Preposition

ABOVE * Physically over; on top of; worn on top of, as clothing. [First attested prior to 1150.] _He always put his coat on ABOVE his sweater._ * In or to a higher place; higher than; on or over the upper surface; — opposed to _below_ or _beneath_. [First attested prior to 1150.] * (Can we date this quote?) Translation of Genesis 2:20, Fowl that may fly ABOVE the earth. * Farther north than. [First attested prior to 1150.] _Idaho is ABOVE Utah._ * Rising; appearing out of reach height-wise. [First attested around (1150 to 1350.)] * Figuratively, higher than; superior to in any respect; surpassing; higher in measure, degree, volume, or pitch, etc. than; out of reach; not exposed to; not likely to be affected by; incapable of negative actions or thoughts. [First attested around (1150 to 1350.)] _Even the chief of police is not ABOVE suspicion._ _He was aways ABOVE reproach._ _That's ABOVE my comprehension._ _to cut ABOVE average_ * (Can we date this quote?) Marlowe, Thy worth […] is actions ABOVE my gifts. * (Can we date this quote?) translation of Acts 36:13, I saw in the way a light from heaven ABOVE the brightness of the sun. * Higher in rank, status, or position. [First attested around (1150 to 1350.)] _to stand head and shoulders above the rest_ * In addition to; besides. [First attested around (1150 to 1350.)] _over and above_ _above and beyond the call of duty_ * Surpassing in number or quantity; more than; as, _above_ a hundred. [First attested around (1350 to 1470.)] * In preference to. * Too proud to stoop; averse to; disinclined; too honorable to give. _The owner was ABOVE taking more than a token salary._ * (theater) Upstage of. * Beyond; on the other side. USAGE NOTES * (surpassing in number or quantity): Passing into the adverbial sense. TRANSLATIONS DERIVED TERMS * above all * above average * above one's bend * above the law * above the salt * over and above

above

  1. Physically over; on top of; worn on top of, as clothing. [First attested prior to 1150.]
    He always put his coat on above his sweater.
  2. In or to a higher place; higher than; on or over the upper surface; — opposed to below or beneath. [First attested prior to 1150.]
  3. Farther north than. [First attested prior to 1150.]
    Idaho is above Utah.
  4. Rising; appearing out of reach height-wise. [First attested around (1150 to 1350.)]
  5. Figuratively, higher than; superior to in any respect; surpassing; higher in measure, degree, volume, or pitch, etc. than; out of reach; not exposed to; not likely to be affected by; incapable of negative actions or thoughts. [First attested around (1150 to 1350.)]
    Even the chief of police is not above suspicion.
    He was aways above reproach.
    That's above my comprehension.
    to cut above average
  6. Higher in rank, status, or position. [First attested around (1150 to 1350.)]
    to stand head and shoulders above the rest
  7. In addition to; besides. [First attested around (1150 to 1350.)]
    over and above
    above and beyond the call of duty
  8. Surpassing in number or quantity; more than; as, above a hundred. [First attested around (1350 to 1470.)]
  9. In preference to.
  10. Too proud to stoop; averse to; disinclined; too honorable to give.
    The owner was above taking more than a token salary.
  11. (theater) Upstage of.
  12. Beyond; on the other side.

Usage notes

Translations

Derived terms

التي في فئةENGLISH - ADVERB
معلومات عن الموضوع

English - Adverb

ABOVE (_not comparable_) * Directly overhead; vertically on top of. [First attested prior to 1150.] * Higher in the same page; earlier in the order as far as writing products go. [First attested prior to 1150.] * (Can we date this quote?) Dryden That was said ABOVE. * Into or from heaven; in the sky. [First attested around (1150 to 1350.)] _He's in a better place now, floating free as the clouds_ ABOVE. * In a higher place; upstairs; farther upstream. [First attested around (1150 to 1350.)] * Higher in rank, power, or position. [First attested around (1150 to 1350.)] _He appealed to the court ABOVE._ * (archaic) In addition. [First attested around (1150 to 1350.)] * More in number. [First attested around (1350 to 1470.)] * Above zero; above freezing. [First attested in the mid 20th century.] _It was a cold day at only 5 ABOVE._ * (biology) On the upper half or the dorsal surface of an animal. _The sparrow I saw was rufous ABOVE and off-white below._ DERIVED TERMS * "Above" is also used as the first part of a compound in the sense of _before_, _previously_; as, _above_-cited, _above_-described, _above_-mentioned, _above_-named, _above_-said, _above_-specified, _above_-written, _above_-given. TRANSLATIONS

above (not comparable)

  1. Directly overhead; vertically on top of. [First attested prior to 1150.]
  2. Higher in the same page; earlier in the order as far as writing products go. [First attested prior to 1150.]
  3. Into or from heaven; in the sky. [First attested around (1150 to 1350.)]
    He's in a better place now, floating free as the clouds above.
  4. In a higher place; upstairs; farther upstream. [First attested around (1150 to 1350.)]
  5. Higher in rank, power, or position. [First attested around (1150 to 1350.)]
    He appealed to the court above.
  6. (archaic) In addition. [First attested around (1150 to 1350.)]
  7. More in number. [First attested around (1350 to 1470.)]
  8. Above zero; above freezing. [First attested in the mid 20th century.]
    It was a cold day at only 5 above.
  9. (biology) On the upper half or the dorsal surface of an animal.
    The sparrow I saw was rufous above and off-white below.

Derived terms

Translations

التي في فئةENGLISH - ADJECTIVE
معلومات عن الموضوع

English - Adjective

ABOVE (_not comparable_) * Of heaven; heavenly. [First attested around (1150 to 1350).] * Being located higher on the same page or on a preceding page. [First attested in the mid 18th century.] USAGE NOTES * ABOVE is often used elliptically as an adjective by omitting the word _said_, _mentioned_, _quoted_, or the like: * the ABOVE(-said) observations * the ABOVE(-cited) reference * the ABOVE(-quoted) articles TRANSLATIONS

above (not comparable)

  1. Of heaven; heavenly. [First attested around (1150 to 1350).]
  2. Being located higher on the same page or on a preceding page. [First attested in the mid 18th century.]

Usage notes

Translations

التي في فئةENGLISH - NOUN
معلومات عن الموضوع

English - Noun

ABOVE (_uncountable_) * Heaven. [First attested around (1150 to 1350).] * Something, especially a person's name in legal documents, that appears higher on the same page or on a preceding page. * Higher authority. USAGE NOTES * ABOVE is often used further elliptically as a noun by omitting the noun, where it is should be clear what is omitted. See the ABOVE. RELATED TERMS * abovesaid * aboves'd TRANSLATIONS

above (uncountable)

  1. Heaven. [First attested around (1150 to 1350).]
  2. Something, especially a person's name in legal documents, that appears higher on the same page or on a preceding page.
  3. Higher authority.

Usage notes

  1. Above is often used further elliptically as a noun by omitting the noun, where it is should be clear what is omitted.
    See the above.

Related terms

Translations

التي في فئةENGLISH - REFERENCES
معلومات عن الموضوع

English - References

* Andrea Tyler and Vyvyan Evans, "The vertical axis", in _The Semantics of English Prepositions: Spatial Scenes, Embodied Meaning and Cognition_, Cambridge University Press, 2003, 0-521-81430 8 * Laurence Urdang (editor), _The Random House College Dictionary_ (Random House, 1984 [1975], ISBN 0-394-43600-8), page 4 * Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), _Chambers Dictionary of Etymology_ (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 [1998], ISBN 0550142304), page 4



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