English - Etymology
From Middle English clene, clane, from Old English clǣne (“clean, pure, chaste, innocent, unencumbered, unfettered, hallowed, clear, open, honorable, true, acute, sagacious, intellectual”), from Proto-Germanic *klainiz (“shining, fine, splendid, tender”), from Proto-Indo-European *g(e)lēi- (“gleaming”), from Proto-Indo-European *gel- (“to gleam”). Cognate with Scots clean (“absolute, pure, clear, empty”) and clene, clane (“clean”), North Frisian klien (“small”), Dutch klein (“small”), Low German kleen (“small”), German klein (“small”), Swedish klen (“weak, feeble, delicate”), Icelandic klénn (“poor, feeble, petty, snug, puny, cheesy, lame”). Displaced Old English sȳfre (“clean, sober”), hlūtor (“pure, clear, clean, bright”).
English - Pronunciation
- enPR: klēn, IPA(key): /kliːn/
- Rhymes: -iːn
English - Adjective
(heading, physical) Free of dirt or impurities or protruberances.
- 1915, Mrs. Belloc Lowndes, The Lodger, chapter II:
- In an unmarked condition.
- (aerodynamics) Allowing an uninterrupted flow over surfaces, without protrusions such as racks or landing gear.
- (of metal) Having relatively few impurities.
- Not dirty.
(heading, behavioural) Free of immorality or criminality.
- Pure, especially morally or religiously.
- Not having used drugs or alcohol.
- (of criminal, driving, etc. records) Without restrictions or penalties, or someone having such a record.
- (informal) Not in possession of weapons or contraband such as drugs.
- Smooth, exact, and performed well.
- (informal) Cool or neat.
- (health) Being free of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs).
- Which doesn’t damage the environment.
- Free from that which is useless or injurious; without defects.
- Free from restraint or neglect; complete; entire.
- Well-proportioned; shapely.
- (climbing, of a route) Ascended without falling.
English - Noun
- Removal of dirt.
- (weightlifting) The first part of the event clean and jerk in which the weight is brought from the ground to the shoulders.
English - Verb
- (transitive) To remove dirt from a place or object.
- (transitive) To tidy up, make a place neat.
- (transitive, climbing) To remove equipment from a climbing route after it was previously lead climbed.
- (intransitive) To make things clean in general.
- (intransitive, curling) To brush the ice lightly in front of a moving rock to remove any debris and ensure a correct line; less vigorous than a sweep.
English - Adverb
Manx - Noun
- cradle (oscillating bed for a baby)
- cage (of birds)