English - Alternative Forms
English - Pronunciation
- enPR: färm, IPA(key): /fɑː(ɹ)m/
- Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)m
English - Etymology
From Middle English ferme, farme (“rent, revenue, produce, factor, stewardship, meal, feast”), from Anglo-Norman ferme (“rent, lease, farm”), from Medieval Latin ferma, firma, from Old English feorm, fearm, farm (“provision, food, supplies, provisions supplied by a tenant or vassal to his lord, rent, possessions, stores, feast, entertainment, haven”), from Proto-Germanic *fermō (“means of living, subsistence”), from Proto-Germanic *ferhwō, *ferhuz (“life force, body, being”), from Proto-Indo-European *perkʷ- (“life, force, strength, tree”). Cognate with Scots ferm (“rent, farm”). Related also to Old English feorh (“life, spirit”), German Ferch (“life, blood”), Icelandic fjör (“life, vitality, vigour, animation”), Gothic
English - Noun
- (obsolete) Food; provisions; a meal
- (obsolete) A banquet; feast
(obsolete) A fixed yearly amount (food, provisions,
money, etc.) payable as rent or tax
- 1642, tr. J. Perkins, Profitable Bk. (new ed.) xi. 751. 329:
- 1700, J. Tyrrell, Gen. Hist. Eng. II. 814:
- 1767, W. Blackstone, Comm. Laws Eng. II. 320:
- (historical) A fixed yearly sum accepted from a person as a composition for taxes or other moneys which he is empowered to collect; also, a fixed charge imposed on a town, county, etc., in respect of a tax or taxes to be collected within its limits.
- (historical) The letting-out of public revenue to a ‘farmer’; the privilege of farming a tax or taxes.
- The body of farmers of public revenues.
The condition of being let at a
fixed rent; lease; a lease
- a1599, Spenser, View State Ireland in J. Ware Two Hist. Ireland (1633) 58:
- 1647, N. Bacon, Hist. Disc. Govt. 75:
- 1818, W. Cruise, Digest Laws Eng. Real Prop. (ed. 2) IV. 68:
- A tract of land held on lease for the purpose of cultivation
- A place where agricultural and similar activities take place, especially the growing of crops or the raising of livestock
- (usually in combination) A location used for an industrial purpose, having many similar structures
- (computing) A group of coordinated servers
English - Verb
- (intransitive) To work on a farm, especially in the growing and harvesting of crops.
- (transitive) To devote (land) to farming.
- (transitive) To grow (a particular crop).
- To give up to another, as an estate, a business, the revenue, etc., on condition of receiving in return a percentage of what it yields; to farm out.
- (obsolete) To lease or let for an equivalent, e.g. land for a rent; to yield the use of to proceeds.
- (obsolete) To take at a certain rent or rate.
(video games, chiefly
online gaming) To engage in grinding (repetitive activity) in a
particular area or against specific enemies for a
particular drop or item.
2004, "Doug Freyburger", Pudding Farming Requires Care (on newsgroup rec.games.roguelike.nethack)
- When you hit a black pudding with an iron weapon that does at least one point of damage there is a good chance it will divide into two black puddings of the same size (but half the hit points IIRC). […] When eaten black puddings confer several intrinsics so AC [armor class] is not the only potential benefit. […] Since black puddings are formidible[sic] monsters for an inexperienced character, farming is also a good way to die.
- 2010, Robert Alan Brookey, Hollywood Gamers (page 130)
- 2004, "Doug Freyburger", Pudding Farming Requires Care (on newsgroup rec.games.roguelike.nethack)
English - Derived Terms
English - Related Terms
English - References
- ^ The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia, "farm".
- ^ Wedgwood, Atkinson, A dictionary of English etymology, Farm.
- ^ Mantello, Rigg, Medieval Latin: an introduction and bibliographical guide, 11.3