English - Etymology
From Middle English, from Middle French surprise (“an overtake”), nominal use of the past participle of Old French sorprendre (“to overtake”), from sor- (“over”) + prendre (“to take”), from Latin prendere, contracted from prehendere (“to grasp, seize”).
English - Pronunciation
English - Noun
Something not expected.
- 2013, Daniel Taylor, Rickie Lambert’s debut goal gives England victory over Scotland (in The Guardian, 14 August 2013)
- (attributive) Unexpected.
- The feeling that something unexpected has happened.
- (obsolete) A dish covered with a crust of raised pastry, but with no other contents.
English - Verb
- (transitive) To cause (someone) to feel unusually alarmed or delighted.
- (transitive) To do something to (a person) that they are not expecting, as a surprise.
- (intransitive) To undergo or witness something unexpected.
- (intransitive) To cause surprise.
- (transitive) To attack unexpectedly.
- (transitive) To take unawares.
English - Adjective
Dutch - Pronunciation
- IPA(key): /sʏrˈpriːzə/