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Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - ALTERNATIVE FORMS
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English - Alternative Forms

* afther * aftre (obsolete)

Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY
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English - Etymology

From Middle English _after_, from Old English _æfter_ (“after, along, behind, through, throughout, during, following, in consequence of, according to, for the purpose of, by means of, about, in pursuit of, for”), from Proto-Germanic _*after_, _*aftiri_ (“more aft, further behind”), from Proto-Indo-European _*apotero_ (“further behind, further away”), comparative form of _*apo-_ (“off, behind”); see also Proto-Indo-European _*h₂epo_ (“off, away”) and English _aft_, _of_, _off_. Cognate with Scots _efter_ (“after”), North Frisian _efter_ (“after, behind”), Dutch/Low German _achter_ (“behind”), German _After_ (“anus”), Danish & Swedish _efter_ (“after”), Norwegian _etter_ (“after”), Icelandic _eftir_ (“after”), Icelandic _aftur_ (“back, again”). The Proto-Indo-European is the source of _apo-_ (“away, without”), from Ancient Greek _ἀπό_ (apó); comparative is also the source of Ancient Greek _ἀπωτέρω_ (apōtérō, “further”). The Irish usage to indicate recent completion of an activity is a calque of the Irish collocation _Tá mé tar éis/i ndiaidh..._ ("I have just...").

From Middle English after, from Old English æfter (after, along, behind, through, throughout, during, following, in consequence of, according to, for the purpose of, by means of, about, in pursuit of, for), from Proto-Germanic *after, *aftiri (more aft, further behind), from Proto-Indo-European *apotero (further behind, further away), comparative form of *apo- (off, behind); see also Proto-Indo-European *h₂epo (off, away) and English aft, of, off. Cognate with Scots efter (after), North Frisian efter (after, behind), Dutch/Low German achter (behind), German After (anus), Danish & Swedish efter (after), Norwegian etter (after), Icelandic eftir (after), Icelandic aftur (back, again). The Proto-Indo-European is the source of apo- (away, without), from Ancient Greek ἀπό (apó); comparative is also the source of Ancient Greek ἀπωτέρω (apōtérō, further).

The Irish usage to indicate recent completion of an activity is a calque of the Irish collocation tar éis/i ndiaidh... ("I have just...").

Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - PRONUNCIATION
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English - Pronunciation

* (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɑːftə(ɹ)/, /ˈæf.tə(ɹ)/ * (US) IPA(key): /ˈæftɚ/ * Hyphenation: af‧ter

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈɑːftə(ɹ)/, /ˈæf.tə(ɹ)/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈæftɚ/
  • Hyphenation: af‧ter

Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - ADVERB
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English - Adverb

AFTER (_not comparable_) * Behind; later in time; following. _They lived happily ever AFTER._ _I left the room, and the dog bounded AFTER._ DERIVED TERMS TRANSLATIONS

after (not comparable)

  1. Behind; later in time; following.
    They lived happily ever after.
    I left the room, and the dog bounded after.

Derived terms

Translations

Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - PREPOSITION
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English - Preposition

AFTER * Subsequently to; following in time; later than. _We had a few beers AFTER the game._ _The time is quarter AFTER eight._ _The Cold War began shortly AFTER the Second World War._ * Behind. _He will leave a trail of destruction AFTER him._ * In pursuit of, seeking. _He's AFTER a job; run AFTER him; inquire AFTER her health._ * In allusion to, in imitation of; following or referencing. _We named him AFTER his grandfather; a painting AFTER Leonardo da Vinci._ * Next in importance or rank. _The princess is next in line to the throne AFTER the prince._ * As a result of. _AFTER your bad behaviour, you will be punished._ * In spite of. _AFTER all that has happened, he is still my friend._ _I can't believe that, AFTER all our advice against gambling, you walked into that casino!_ * (Ireland, usually preceded by a form of _be_, followed by an -ing form of a verb) Used to indicate recent completion of an activity _I was AFTER finishing my dinner when there was a knock on the door._ * (dated) According to an author or text. * Denoting the aim or object; concerning; in relation to. _to look AFTER workmen; to enquire AFTER a friend; to thirst AFTER righteousness_ * (obsolete) According to the direction and influence of; in proportion to; befitting. * Francis Bacon He takes greatness of kingdoms according to bulk and currency, and not AFTER their intrinsic value. USAGE NOTES * The Irish English usage example is equivalent to "I _had just finished_ my dinner when […] .". DERIVED TERMS TRANSLATIONS

after

  1. Subsequently to; following in time; later than.
    We had a few beers after the game.
    The time is quarter after eight.
    The Cold War began shortly after the Second World War.
  2. Behind.
    He will leave a trail of destruction after him.
  3. In pursuit of, seeking.
    He's after a job; run after him; inquire after her health.
  4. In allusion to, in imitation of; following or referencing.
    We named him after his grandfather; a painting after Leonardo da Vinci.
  5. Next in importance or rank.
    The princess is next in line to the throne after the prince.
  6. As a result of.
    After your bad behaviour, you will be punished.
  7. In spite of.
    After all that has happened, he is still my friend.
    I can't believe that, after all our advice against gambling, you walked into that casino!
  8. (Ireland, usually preceded by a form of be, followed by an -ing form of a verb) Used to indicate recent completion of an activity
    I was after finishing my dinner when there was a knock on the door.
  9. (dated) According to an author or text.
  10. Denoting the aim or object; concerning; in relation to.
    to look after workmen; to enquire after a friend; to thirst after righteousness
  11. (obsolete) According to the direction and influence of; in proportion to; befitting.

Usage notes

Derived terms

Translations

Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - CONJUNCTION
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English - Conjunction

AFTER * Signifies that the action of the clause it starts takes place before the action of the other clause. _I went home AFTER we had decided to call it a day._ * 1915, George A. Birmingham, _Gossamer_, chapterI: It is never possible to settle down to the ordinary routine of life at sea until the screw begins to revolve. There is an hour or two, AFTER the passengers have embarked, which is disquieting and fussy. * 1991, Donald "Shadow" Rimgale (character), Robert DeNiro (actor), _Backdraft_ So you punched out a window for ventilation. Was that before or AFTER you noticed you were standing in a lake of gasoline? TRANSLATIONS

after

  1. Signifies that the action of the clause it starts takes place before the action of the other clause.
    I went home after we had decided to call it a day.

Translations

Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - ADJECTIVE
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English - Adjective

AFTER * (dated) Later; second (of two); next, following, subsequent * 1834, David Crockett, _A Narrative of the Life of_, Nebraska 1987, p. 72: I did verily believe in my own mind, that I couldn't fight in that way at all; but my AFTER experience convinced me that this was all a notion. * 1886, Thomas Hardy, _The Mayor of Casterbridge‎_ The amends he had made in AFTER life were lost sight of in the dramatic glare of the original act. * (nautical, where the frame of reference is within the ship) At or towards the stern of a ship. _The AFTER gun is mounted aft._ _The AFTER gun is abaft the forward gun._ USAGE NOTES * As shown in the examples above, the adverb in this nautical usage is _aft_ and the related preposition is _abaft_. DERIVED TERMS * afterness

after

  1. (dated) Later; second (of two); next, following, subsequent
  2. (nautical, where the frame of reference is within the ship) At or towards the stern of a ship.
    The after gun is mounted aft.
    The after gun is abaft the forward gun.

Usage notes

Derived terms

Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - RELATED TERMS
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English - Related Terms

* aft * abaft * eft

Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - REFERENCES
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English - References

* Andrea Tyler and Vyvyan Evans, "Spatial particles of orientation", in _The Semantics of English Prepositions: Spatial Scenes, Embodied Meaning and Cognition_, Cambridge University Press, 2003, 0-521-81430 8

Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - ANAGRAMS
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English - Anagrams

* trafe

Was die in der KategorieOLD HIGH GERMAN - ALTERNATIVE FORMS
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Old High German - Alternative Forms

* aftar

Was die in der KategorieOLD HIGH GERMAN - ETYMOLOGY
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Old High German - Etymology

From Proto-Germanic _*after_, whence also Old English _æfter_, Old Norse _aptr_. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European _*apotero_ (“further behind, further away”), comparative form of _*apo-_ (“off, behind”).

From Proto-Germanic *after, whence also Old English æfter, Old Norse aptr. Ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *apotero (further behind, further away), comparative form of *apo- (off, behind).

Was die in der KategorieOLD HIGH GERMAN - PRONUNCIATION
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Old High German - Pronunciation

* IPA(key): /ˈaf.ter/

  • IPA(key): /ˈaf.ter/

Was die in der KategorieOLD HIGH GERMAN - PREPOSITION
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Old High German - Preposition

AFTER (+ _dative_) * after _AFTER zweim tagon_ after two days * according to, in _AFTER antreitu_ in order

after (+ dative)

  1. after
    after zweim tagon
    after two days
  2. according to, in
    after antreitu
    in order

Was die in der KategorieOLD HIGH GERMAN - ADVERB
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Old High German - Adverb

AFTER * behind * after * back

after

  1. behind
  2. after
  3. back

Was die in der KategorieOLD HIGH GERMAN - REFERENCES
Informationen zum Thema

Old High German - References

* Joseph Wright, _An Old High German Primer_


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