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Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - ALTERNATIVE FORMS
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English - Alternative Forms

* bye (_archaic_ for preposition and adverb, not used for abbreviation, preferred for noun and interjection)

Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY
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English - Etymology

Old English _bī_ (“being near”), from Proto-Germanic _*bi_ (“near, by, around, about”), from Proto-Germanic _*umbi_ (“around”), from Proto-Indo-European _*ambʰi_ (“around”).

Old English (being near), from Proto-Germanic *bi (near, by, around, about), from Proto-Germanic *umbi (around), from Proto-Indo-European *ambʰi (around).

Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - PRONUNCIATION
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English - Pronunciation

* (UK, US) IPA(key): /baɪ/ * Rhymes: -aɪ * Homophones: bi, bye, buy

Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - PREPOSITION
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English - Preposition

BY * Near or next to. _The mailbox is BY the bus stop._ * At some time before (the given time), or before the end of a given time interval. _Be back BY ten o'clock!  We will send it BY the first week of July._ * Indicates the actor in a clause with its verb in the passive voice: Through the action or presence of. _The matter was decided BY the chairman.  The boat was swamped BY the water.  He was protected BY his body armour._ * Indicates the creator of a work: Existing through the authorship etc. of. _There are many well-known plays BY William Shakespeare_ * Indicates the cause of a condition or event: Through the action of, caused by, responsibility for; by dint of. * 1874, Thomas Hardy, _Far from the Madding Crowd_, 2005 Barnes & Noble Classics publication of 1912 Wessex edition, p.109: In other directions the fields and sky were so much of one colour BY the snow that it was difficult in a hasty glance to tell whereabouts the horizon occurred […]. * Indicates a means: Involving/using the means of. _I avoided the guards BY moving only when they weren't looking._ * 1909, Archibald Marshall, _The Squire's Daughter_, chapterII: "I don't want to spoil any comparison you are going to make," said Jim, "but I was at Winchester and New College." ¶ "That will do," said Mackenzie. "I was dragged up at the workhouse school till I was twelve. Then I ran away and sold papers in the streets, and anything else that I could pick up a few coppers BY—except steal. […]" * Indicates a source of light: Medium emanating from hot sources. * 1945, Neva L. Boyd, _Handbook of Recreational Games_, 1975 Dover edition, ISBN 0486232042, p.16: Players: Can we get there BY candlelight? ¶ Gatekeepers: Yes and back again. * 1960, Dr. Seuss, _One Fish Two Fish Red Fish Blue Fish_ BY the light of the moon, / BY the light of a star / they walked all night * ​Indicates an authority, rule, or permission followed. _I sorted the items BY category.  BY the power vested in me, I now pronounce you man and wife._ * Indicates the amount of some progression: With a change of. _Our stock is up BY ten percent._ * In the formulae _X by X_ and _by Xs_, indicates a steady progression, one _X_ after another. _We went through the book page BY page.  We crawled forward BY inches._ * Indicates a referenced source: According to. _He cheated BY his own admission._ * Indicates an oath: With the authority of. _BY Jove! I think she's got it!  BY all that is holy, I'll put an end to this._ * Used to separate dimensions when describing the size of something. _It is easy to invert a 2-BY-2 matrix.  The room was about 4 foot BY 6 foot.  The bricks used to build the wall measured 10 BY 20 BY 30 cm._ DERIVED TERMS TRANSLATIONS

by

  1. Near or next to.
    The mailbox is by the bus stop.
  2. At some time before (the given time), or before the end of a given time interval.
    Be back by ten o'clock!  We will send it by the first week of July.
  3. Indicates the actor in a clause with its verb in the passive voice: Through the action or presence of.
    The matter was decided by the chairman.  The boat was swamped by the water.  He was protected by his body armour.
  4. Indicates the creator of a work: Existing through the authorship etc. of.
    There are many well-known plays by William Shakespeare
  5. Indicates the cause of a condition or event: Through the action of, caused by, responsibility for; by dint of.
  6. Indicates a means: Involving/using the means of.
    I avoided the guards by moving only when they weren't looking.
  7. Indicates a source of light: Medium emanating from hot sources.
  8. Indicates an authority, rule, or permission followed.
    I sorted the items by category.  By the power vested in me, I now pronounce you man and wife.
  9. Indicates the amount of some progression: With a change of.
    Our stock is up by ten percent.
  10. In the formulae X by X and by Xs, indicates a steady progression, one X after another.
    We went through the book page by page.  We crawled forward by inches.
  11. Indicates a referenced source: According to.
    He cheated by his own admission.
  12. Indicates an oath: With the authority of.
    By Jove! I think she's got it!  By all that is holy, I'll put an end to this.
  13. Used to separate dimensions when describing the size of something.
    It is easy to invert a 2-by-2 matrix.  The room was about 4 foot by 6 foot.  The bricks used to build the wall measured 10 by 20 by 30 cm.

Derived terms

Translations

Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - ADVERB
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English - Adverb

BY (_not comparable_) * Along a path which runs by the speaker. _I watched as it passed BY._ * In the vicinity, near. _There was a shepherd close BY._ _The shop is hard BY the High Street._ * Joseph Conrad, _Heart of Darkness_ [The helmsman] steered with no end of a swagger while you were BY; but if he lost sight of you, he became instantly the prey of an abject funk […] * To or at a place, as a residence or place of business. _I'll stop BY on my way home from work._ _We're right near the lifeguard station. Come BY before you leave._ * Aside, away. _The women spent much time after harvest putting jams BY for winter and spring._ DERIVED TERMS TRANSLATIONS

by (not comparable)

  1. Along a path which runs by the speaker.
    I watched as it passed by.
  2. In the vicinity, near.
    There was a shepherd close by.
    The shop is hard by the High Street.
  3. To or at a place, as a residence or place of business.
    I'll stop by on my way home from work.
    We're right near the lifeguard station. Come by before you leave.
  4. Aside, away.
    The women spent much time after harvest putting jams by for winter and spring.

Derived terms

Translations

Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - ADJECTIVE
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English - Adjective

BY (_not comparable_) * Out of the way, subsidiary. ANTONYMS * main, principal DERIVED TERMS * bypass * byroad * bystander * byway

by (not comparable)

  1. Out of the way, subsidiary.

Antonyms

Derived terms

Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - NOUN
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English - Noun

BY (_plural_ BYS) * (card games) A pass

by (plural bys)

  1. (card games) A pass

Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - INTERJECTION
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English - Interjection

BY * Alternative spelling of _bye_

by

  1. Alternative spelling of bye

Was die in der KategorieAFRIKAANS - ETYMOLOGY
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Afrikaans - Etymology

From Dutch _bij_.

From Dutch bij.

Was die in der KategorieAFRIKAANS - PREPOSITION
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Afrikaans - Preposition

BY * at * to * BY

by

  1. at
  2. to
  3. by

Was die in der KategorieAFRIKAANS - NOUN
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Afrikaans - Noun

BY (_plural_ BYE) * bee

by (plural bye)

  1. bee

Was die in der KategorieDANISH - ETYMOLOGY
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Danish - Etymology

From Old Norse _býr_ (“settlement”). Related to the element -by in English place names, such as Whitby.

From Old Norse býr (settlement). Related to the element -by in English place names, such as Whitby.

Was die in der KategorieDANISH - PRONUNCIATION
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Danish - Pronunciation

* IPA(key): /byː/, [b̥yːˀ]

  • IPA(key): /byː/, [b̥yːˀ]

Was die in der KategorieDANISH - NOUN
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Danish - Noun

BY c (_singular definite_ BYEN, _plural indefinite_ BYER) * town, city RELATED TERMS INFLECTION

by c (singular definite byen, plural indefinite byer)

  1. town, city

Related terms

Inflection

Was die in der KategorieLOJBAN - ALTERNATIVE FORMS
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Lojban - Alternative Forms

* by.

Was die in der KategorieLOJBAN - LETTER
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Lojban - Letter

BY (_selma'o_ BY) * Name of the letter b. USAGE NOTES * All letter names can be used as pronouns, usually referring to something denoted by a word beginning with that letter. _la alis cu lebna le bifpra e lei gluta gi'e co'a pilno BY_ Alice took up the fan and gloves and was using IT (i.e., the fan, _bifpra_) * When used to spell a word, precede the string of letters with _me'o_. * If a letter is followed by another letter or a number (including an imprecise or non-integral one such as _za'u_ or _pai_), and they do not make a single string of letters, separate them with _boi_.

by (selma'o by)

  1. Name of the letter b.

Usage notes

Was die in der KategorieLOJBAN - SEE ALSO
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Lojban - See Also

* boi * tei * foi * bu

Was die in der KategorieLOWER SORBIAN - PRONUNCIATION
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Lower Sorbian - Pronunciation

* IPA(key): [bɨ]

  • IPA(key): [bɨ]

Was die in der KategorieLOWER SORBIAN - VERB
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Lower Sorbian - Verb

BY (_defective_, _invariable_) * would (used with the past active participle to form a conditional) _Njecynimy to, dokulaž BY jim škóźeło._ We don’t do that because it would hurt them. DERIVED TERMS * aby (“that...would”) * gaby (“if...would”) * gdyby (“if...would”) * njeby (“would not”) USAGE NOTES This verb may be omitted before the past active participles of _móc_ (“be able to”), _kśěś_ (“want to”), and _dejaś_ (“ought to”).

by (defective, invariable)

  1. would (used with the past active participle to form a conditional)
    Njecynimy to, dokulaž by jim škóźeło.
    We don’t do that because it would hurt them.

Derived terms

Usage notes

This verb may be omitted before the past active participles of móc (be able to), kśěś (want to), and dejaś (ought to).

Was die in der KategorieMIDDLE ENGLISH - VERB
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Middle English - Verb

BY * be

by

  1. be

Was die in der KategorieNORWEGIAN BOKMÅL - PRONUNCIATION
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Norwegian Bokmål - Pronunciation

* IPA(key): /byː/, [byː]

  • IPA(key): /byː/, [byː]

Was die in der KategorieNORWEGIAN BOKMÅL - ETYMOLOGY 1
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Norwegian Bokmål - Etymology 1

From Old Norse _býr_ (“place (to camp or settle), land, property, lot; _and later_ settlement”). NOUN BY m (_definite singular_ BYEN, _indefinite plural_ BYER, _definite plural_ BYENE) * a town or city DERIVED TERMS * byfornyelse, byfornying * drabantby * landsby * storby

From Old Norse býr (place (to camp or settle), land, property, lot; and later settlement).

Noun

by m (definite singular byen, indefinite plural byer, definite plural byene)

  1. a town or city
Derived terms

Was die in der KategorieNORWEGIAN BOKMÅL - ETYMOLOGY 2
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Norwegian Bokmål - Etymology 2

From _byde_, from Old Norse _bjóða_, from Proto-Germanic _*beudaną_ (“to offer”), from Proto-Indo-European _*bʰewdʰ-_ (“to wake, rise up”). VERB BY (_imperative_ BY, _present tense_ BYR, _simple past_ BØD _or_ BØY _or_ BYDDE, _past participle_ BUDT _or_ BYDD) * to bid; offer * to ask; invite * to command; order

From byde, from Old Norse bjóða, from Proto-Germanic *beudaną (to offer), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰewdʰ- (to wake, rise up).

Verb

by (imperative by, present tense byr, simple past bød or bøy or bydde, past participle budt or bydd)

  1. to bid; offer
  2. to ask; invite
  3. to command; order

Was die in der KategorieNORWEGIAN BOKMÅL - REFERENCES
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Norwegian Bokmål - References

* “by” in _The Bokmål Dictionary_.

Was die in der KategorieNORWEGIAN NYNORSK - ETYMOLOGY
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Norwegian Nynorsk - Etymology

From Old Norse _býr_ (“place (to camp or settle), land, property, lot; _and later_ settlement”).

From Old Norse býr (place (to camp or settle), land, property, lot; and later settlement).

Was die in der KategorieNORWEGIAN NYNORSK - NOUN
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Norwegian Nynorsk - Noun

BY m (_definite singular_ BYEN, _indefinite plural_ BYAR, _definite plural_ BYANE) * a town or city DERIVED TERMS * byfornying * drabantby * landsby * storby

by m (definite singular byen, indefinite plural byar, definite plural byane)

  1. a town or city

Derived terms

Was die in der KategorieNORWEGIAN NYNORSK - REFERENCES
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Norwegian Nynorsk - References

* “by” in _The Nynorsk Dictionary_.

Was die in der KategoriePOLISH - PRONUNCIATION
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Polish - Pronunciation

* IPA(key): [bɨ]

  • IPA(key): [bɨ]

Was die in der KategoriePOLISH - PARTICLE
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Polish - Particle

BY * (always before a verb) a particle used to make conditional mood; would, should _On BY tam nie poszedł._ = _On nie poszedłBY tam._ — He would not go there. SYNONYMS * -by (suffix)

by

  1. (always before a verb) a particle used to make conditional mood; would, should
    On by tam nie poszedł. = On nie poszedłby tam.He would not go there.

Synonyms

  • -by (suffix)

Was die in der KategoriePOLISH - CONJUNCTION
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Polish - Conjunction

BY * in order to, so that SYNONYMS * aby, żeby

by

  1. in order to, so that

Synonyms

Was die in der KategoriePOLISH - EXTERNAL LINKS
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Polish - External Links

* “by” in Polish dictionaries at PWN

Was die in der KategorieSWEDISH - ETYMOLOGY
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Swedish - Etymology

From Old Norse _býr_ (“place (to camp or settle), land, property, lot; _and later_ settlement”).

From Old Norse býr (place (to camp or settle), land, property, lot; and later settlement).

Was die in der KategorieSWEDISH - NOUN
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Swedish - Noun

BY c * village * (obsolete) farm * gust, rush of wind DECLENSION RELATED TERMS * (village): * (breeze): * byig * bymoln * kastby * regnby * stormby

by c

  1. village
  2. (obsolete) farm
  3. gust, rush of wind

Declension

Related terms

(village):
(breeze):
  • byig
  • bymoln
  • kastby
  • regnby
  • stormby

Was die in der KategorieSWEDISH - REFERENCES
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Swedish - References

* by in _Svenska Akademiens Ordlista_ över svenska språket (13th ed., online)

Was die in der KategorieWEST FRISIAN - PRONUNCIATION
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West Frisian - Pronunciation

* IPA(key): /bɛɪ/

  • IPA(key): /bɛɪ/

Was die in der KategorieWEST FRISIAN - PREPOSITION
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West Frisian - Preposition

BY * near to * in relation to _BY âlds_ In the olden days

by

  1. near to
  2. in relation to
    By âlds
    In the olden days


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