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Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY
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English - Etymology

From Middle English _yif_, _yef_, from Old English _ġif_, _ġef_ (“if; whether, though”), from Proto-Germanic _*jabai_ (“when, if”), from Proto-Indo-European _*e-_, _*ē-_ (“then, at that time”). Cognate with Scots _gif_ (“if, whether”), West Frisian _oft_ (“whether”), Dutch _of_ (“or, whether, but”), Middle Low German _ef_ (“if, whether”), German _ob_ (“if, whether”), Icelandic _ef_, _if_ (“if”).

From Middle English yif, yef, from Old English ġif, ġef (if; whether, though), from Proto-Germanic *jabai (when, if), from Proto-Indo-European *e-, *ē- (then, at that time). Cognate with Scots gif (if, whether), West Frisian oft (whether), Dutch of (or, whether, but), Middle Low German ef (if, whether), German ob (if, whether), Icelandic ef, if (if).

Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - PRONUNCIATION
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English - Pronunciation

* IPA(key): /ɪf/ * Rhymes: -ɪf

  • IPA(key): /ɪf/
  • Rhymes: -ɪf

Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - CONJUNCTION
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English - Conjunction

IF * Supposing that, assuming that, in the circumstances that; used to introduce a condition or choice. _IF it rains, I will get wet_. * Supposing that; used with past subjunctive indicating that the condition is not fulfilled. _I'd prefer it IF you took your shoes off._ * Although; used to introduce a concession. _He was a great friend, IF a little stingy at the bar._ * (computing) In the event that a statement is true (a programming statement that acts in a similar manner). _IF A, then B, else C._ * Whether; used to introduce a noun clause as the object of certain verbs. _I don't know IF I want to go or not._ * 1715–1717, Matthew Prior, _Alma; or, The Progress of the Mind_, Canto III: Quoth Matthew, “ […] / She doubts IF two and two make four, / […] ” * (usually hyperbolic) Even if; even in the circumstances that. * 2004, David Lee Murphy and Kim Tribble (writers), Montgomery Gentry (singers), “IF It’s The Last Thing I Do” (song), in _You Do Your Thing_ (album): IF it’s the last thing I do / IF it takes me from Tubilo to Timbuktu / IF it’s the last thing I do / I’m gonna dodge every road block, speed trap, county cop / To get my hands on you / IF it’s the last thing I do. USAGE NOTES * Specifically a subordinating conjunction. DERIVED TERMS * iff * if and only if * if clause * if only * as if * even if * if so be ALTERNATIVE FORMS * ifen * iffen TRANSLATIONS

if

  1. Supposing that, assuming that, in the circumstances that; used to introduce a condition or choice.
    If it rains, I will get wet.
  2. Supposing that; used with past subjunctive indicating that the condition is not fulfilled.
    I'd prefer it if you took your shoes off.
  3. Although; used to introduce a concession.
    He was a great friend, if a little stingy at the bar.
  4. (computing) In the event that a statement is true (a programming statement that acts in a similar manner).
    If A, then B, else C.
  5. Whether; used to introduce a noun clause as the object of certain verbs.
    I don't know if I want to go or not.
  6. (usually hyperbolic) Even if; even in the circumstances that.

Usage notes

Derived terms

Alternative forms

Translations

Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - NOUN
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English - Noun

IF (_plural_ IFS) * (informal) An uncertainty, possibility, condition, doubt etc. * 1709, Susannah Centlivre, _The Busy Body_, Act III, in John Bell (ed.), _British Theater_, J. Bell (1791), page 59, _Sir Fran._ Nay, but Chargy, if——— ¶ _Miran._ Nay, Gardy, no IFS.——Have I refus'd three northern lords, two British peers, and half a score knights, to have put in your IFS? * 1791 January, "Richardſon’s _Chemical Principles of the Metallic Arts_", in _The Monthly Review_, R. Griffiths, page 176, Well might Bergman add, (in his _Sciographia,_), “if the compariſon that has been made, &c. be juſt.” The preſent writer makes no _IFS_ about the matter, and has ſuperadded a little inaccuracy of his own, […] DERIVED TERMS * big if * no ifs, ands, or buts TRANSLATIONS

if (plural ifs)

  1. (informal) An uncertainty, possibility, condition, doubt etc.

Derived terms

Translations

Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - SEE ALSO
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English - See Also

* and * else * false * or * then * true

Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - ANAGRAMS
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English - Anagrams

* Fi, fi

Was die in der KategorieFRENCH - ETYMOLOGY
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French - Etymology

From Middle French _if_, from Old French _if_, from Frankish _*īw_ or Gaulish _*ivos_ (“yew, yew tree”) (compare Breton _ivin_, Irish _eo_, Welsh _ywen_), from Proto-Indo-European _*ei-k-wo_, _*ei-wo-_ (compare Proto-Germanic _*īwaz_ (“yew”)), see yew.

From Middle French if, from Old French if, from Frankish *īw or Gaulish *ivos (yew, yew tree) (compare Breton ivin, Irish eo, Welsh ywen), from Proto-Indo-European *ei-k-wo, *ei-wo- (compare Proto-Germanic *īwaz (yew)), see yew.

Was die in der KategorieFRENCH - PRONUNCIATION
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French - Pronunciation

* IPA(key): /if/

  • IPA(key): /if/

Was die in der KategorieFRENCH - NOUN
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French - Noun

IF m (_plural_ IFS) * yew

if m (plural ifs)

  1. yew

Was die in der KategorieFRENCH - EXTERNAL LINKS
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French - External Links

* “if” in _le Trésor de la langue française informatisé_ (_The Digitized Treasury of the French Language_).

Was die in der KategorieJÈRRIAIS - ETYMOLOGY
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Jèrriais - Etymology

From Old French _if_, from Gaulish _*ivos_ (“yew, yew tree”), from Proto-Indo-European _*ei-k-wo_, _*ei-wo-_.

From Old French if, from Gaulish *ivos (yew, yew tree), from Proto-Indo-European *ei-k-wo, *ei-wo-.

Was die in der KategorieJÈRRIAIS - NOUN
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Jèrriais - Noun

IF m (_plural_ IFS) * yew

if m (plural ifs)

  1. yew

Was die in der KategorieOLD FRENCH - NOUN
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Old French - Noun

IF f (_oblique plural_ IS, _nominative singular_ IF, _nominative plural_ IS) * yew * yew wood DESCENDANTS * French: if * Jèrriais: if

if f (oblique plural is, nominative singular if, nominative plural is)

  1. yew
  2. yew wood

Descendants

  • French: if
  • Jèrriais: if

Was die in der KategorieVOLAPÜK - ETYMOLOGY
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Volapük - Etymology

Borrowing from English.

Borrowing from English.

Was die in der KategorieVOLAPÜK - CONJUNCTION
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Volapük - Conjunction

IF * if

if

  1. if


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