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Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY 1
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English - Etymology 1

From Middle English, from Old English _is_, from Proto-Germanic _*isti_, a form of Proto-Germanic _*wesaną_ (“to be”), from Proto-Indo-European _*h₁ésti_ (“is”). Cognate with West Frisian _is_ (“is”), Dutch _is_ (“is”), German _ist_ (“is”), Old Swedish _is_ (“is”). The paradigm of "to be" has been since the time of Proto-Germanic a synthesis of four originally distinct verb stems. The infinitive form "to be" is from _*bʰuH-_ (“to become”). The forms is and am are derived from _*h₁es-_ (“to be”) whereas the form are comes from _*iraną_ (“to rise, be quick, become active”). Lastly, the past forms starting with "w-" such as was and were are from _*h₂wes-_ (“to reside”). ALTERNATIVE FORMS * 's PRONUNCIATION * (UK, US) IPA(key): /ɪz/ * Rhymes: -ɪz VERB IS * third-person singular simple present indicative form of be _He IS a doctor. He retired some time ago._ _Should he do the task, it IS vital that you follow him._ _It all depends on what the meaning of IS is._ - Bill Clinton * (colloquial, nonstandard) second-person present of _be_ QUOTATIONS * For usage examples of this term, see the citations page. TRANSLATIONS SEE ALSO STATISTICS

From Middle English, from Old English is, from Proto-Germanic *isti, a form of Proto-Germanic *wesaną (to be), from Proto-Indo-European *h₁ésti (is). Cognate with West Frisian is (is), Dutch is (is), German ist (is), Old Swedish is (is). The paradigm of "to be" has been since the time of Proto-Germanic a synthesis of four originally distinct verb stems. The infinitive form "to be" is from *bʰuH- (to become). The forms is and am are derived from *h₁es- (to be) whereas the form are comes from *iraną (to rise, be quick, become active). Lastly, the past forms starting with "w-" such as was and were are from *h₂wes- (to reside).

Alternative forms

  • 's

Pronunciation

  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ɪz/
  • Rhymes: -ɪz

Verb

is

  1. third-person singular simple present indicative form of be
    He is a doctor. He retired some time ago.
    Should he do the task, it is vital that you follow him.
    It all depends on what the meaning of is is. - Bill Clinton
  2. (colloquial, nonstandard) second-person present of be
Quotations
Translations

See also

Statistics

Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY 2
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English - Etymology 2

_i_ +‎ _-s_. NOUN IS * plural form of _i_ _remember to dot your IS_ USAGE NOTES * There is some difference of opinion regarding the use of apostrophes in the pluralization of references to letters as symbols. _New Fowler's Modern English Usage_, after noting that the usage has changed, states at page 602 that "after letters an apostrophe is obligatory." The 15th edition of _The Chicago Manual of Style_ states at paragraph 7.16, "To avoid confusion, lowercase letters ... form the plural with an apostrophe and an s". The _Oxford Style Manual_ at page 116 advocates the use of common sense.

i +‎ -s.

Noun

is

  1. plural form of i
    remember to dot your is
Usage notes


Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - ANAGRAMS
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English - Anagrams

* si, Si, SI

Was die in der KategorieAFRIKAANS - VERB
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Afrikaans - Verb

IS * am, are, is (_present tense, all persons, plural and singular of wees, to be_) * Forms the perfect passive voice when followed by a past participle

is

  1. am, are, is (present tense, all persons, plural and singular of wees, to be)
  2. Forms the perfect passive voice when followed by a past participle

Was die in der KategorieCATALAN - NOUN
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Catalan - Noun

IS * plural form of _i_

is

  1. plural form of i

Was die in der KategorieDANISH - ETYMOLOGY
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Danish - Etymology

From Old Norse _íss_, from Proto-Germanic _*īsą_, from Proto-Indo-European _*h₁eiH-_.

From Old Norse íss, from Proto-Germanic *īsą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eiH-.

Was die in der KategorieDANISH - PRONUNCIATION
Informationen zum Thema

Danish - Pronunciation

* IPA(key): /iːs/ * Rhymes: -iːs

  • IPA(key): /iːs/
  • Rhymes: -iːs

Was die in der KategorieDANISH - NOUN
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Danish - Noun

IS c (_singular definite_ ISEN, _plural indefinite_ IS) * (uncountable) ice, ice cream (water in frozen form, dessert) * (countable) ice, ice cream (ice cream on a stick or in a wafer cone) INFLECTION

is c (singular definite isen, plural indefinite is)

  1. (uncountable) ice, ice cream (water in frozen form, dessert)
  2. (countable) ice, ice cream (ice cream on a stick or in a wafer cone)

Inflection

Was die in der KategorieDUTCH - PRONUNCIATION
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Dutch - Pronunciation

* IPA(key): /ɪs/

  • IPA(key): /ɪs/

Was die in der KategorieDUTCH - VERB
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Dutch - Verb

IS * third-person singular present indicative of _zijn_; is, equals _Twaalf min drie IS negen_ — _twelve minus three equals nine_

is

  1. third-person singular present indicative of zijn; is, equals
    Twaalf min drie is negentwelve minus three equals nine

Was die in der KategorieDUTCH - ADVERB
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Dutch - Adverb

IS * (informal, dialect) Misspelling of _es_.

is

  1. (informal, dialect) Misspelling of es.

Was die in der KategorieDUTCH - ANAGRAMS
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Dutch - Anagrams

* si

Was die in der KategorieGOTHIC - ROMANIZATION
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Gothic - Romanization

IS * Romanization of

is

  1. Romanization of

Was die in der KategorieHUNGARIAN - ETYMOLOGY
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Hungarian - Etymology

Cognate of _és_ (“and”).

Cognate of és (and).

Was die in der KategorieHUNGARIAN - PRONUNCIATION
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Hungarian - Pronunciation

* IPA(key): /ˈiʃ/

  • IPA(key): /ˈiʃ/

Was die in der KategorieHUNGARIAN - ADVERB
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Hungarian - Adverb

IS * also, too, as well _Én IS szeretem a csokit._ - I also like chocolate. (Besides other people) _A csokit IS szeretem._ - I also like chocolate. (Besides other things) * even _Három óráig IS tarthat a műtét_ - The operation may EVEN take three hours. * (after an interrogative word) again (used in a question to ask something one has forgotten) _Hogy IS hívják?_ - What's that called, AGAIN? SYNONYMS * szintén DERIVED TERMS (Compound words): * csakis * legalábbis * máris * mégis * ugyanis * úgyis (Expressions): * a falnak is füle van * segíts magadon, s az Isten is megsegít * sok jó ember kis helyen is elfér

is

  1. also, too, as well
    Én is szeretem a csokit. - I also like chocolate. (Besides other people)
    A csokit is szeretem. - I also like chocolate. (Besides other things)
  2. even
    Három óráig is tarthat a műtét - The operation may even take three hours.
  3. (after an interrogative word) again (used in a question to ask something one has forgotten)
    Hogy is hívják? - What's that called, again?

Synonyms

Derived terms

(Compound words):

(Expressions):

Was die in der KategorieIRISH - ETYMOLOGY 1
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Irish - Etymology 1

From _agus_. PRONUNCIATION * IPA(key): [ɪsˠ], IPA(key): [sˠ] CONJUNCTION IS * reduced form of _agus_ * and

From agus.

Pronunciation

  • IPA(key): [ɪsˠ], IPA(key): [sˠ]

Conjunction

is

  1. reduced form of agus

Was die in der KategorieIRISH - ETYMOLOGY 2
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Irish - Etymology 2

From Old Irish _is_ (“is”), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European _*h₁es-_ (“to be”). PRONUNCIATION * IPA(key): [ɪsˠ], [sˠ] (before nouns and adjectives) * IPA(key): [ʃ] (before pronouns _é_, _í_, _ea_, _iad_) PARTICLE IS * Present/future realis copula form _IS múinteoir é Dónall._ Dónall is a teacher. (definition: predicate is indefinite) _IS é Dónall an múinteoir._ Dónall is the teacher. (identification: predicate is definite) _IS féidir liom snámh._ I can swim. (idiomatic noun predicate) _IS maith liom tae._ I like tea. (idiomatic adjective predicate) _IS mise a chonnaic é._ I'm the one who saw him (compare Hiberno-English "'Tis I who saw him"; cleft sentence) _IS é Dónall atá ina mhúinteoir._ It's Dónall who is a teacher. (cleft sentence) * Used to introduce the comparative/superlative form of adjectives _an buachaill IS mó_ the bigger boy; the biggest boy _IS mó an buachaill ná Séamas._ The boy is bigger than James. _Is é Séamas an buachaill IS mó in Éirinn!_ James is the biggest boy in Ireland! (_lit._ "It is James (who is) the boy (who) is biggest in Ireland") USAGE NOTES Used in present and future sentences for identification or definition of a subject as the person/object identified in the predicate of the sentence. Sometimes used with noun or adjective predicates, especially in certain fixed idiomatic phrases. Used to introduce cleft sentences, which are extremely common in Irish. It is not a verb. In comparative/superlative formations, _is_ is strictly speaking the relative of the copula, hence _an buachaill is mó_ literally means "the boy who is biggest", i.e. "the biggest boy". The thing compared is introduced by _ná_ (“than”). RELATED TERMS

From Old Irish is (is), ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *h₁es- (to be).

Pronunciation

Particle

is

  1. Present/future realis copula form
    Is múinteoir é Dónall.
    Dónall is a teacher.
    (definition: predicate is indefinite)
    Is é Dónall an múinteoir.
    Dónall is the teacher.
    (identification: predicate is definite)
    Is féidir liom snámh.
    I can swim.
    (idiomatic noun predicate)
    Is maith liom tae.
    I like tea.
    (idiomatic adjective predicate)
    Is mise a chonnaic é.
    I'm the one who saw him
    (compare Hiberno-English "'Tis I who saw him"; cleft sentence)
    Is é Dónall atá ina mhúinteoir.
    It's Dónall who is a teacher.
    (cleft sentence)
  2. Used to introduce the comparative/superlative form of adjectives
    an buachaill is
    the bigger boy; the biggest boy
    Is an buachaill Séamas.
    The boy is bigger than James.
    Is é Séamas an buachaill is in Éirinn!
    James is the biggest boy in Ireland! (lit. "It is James (who is) the boy (who) is biggest in Ireland")
Usage notes

Used in present and future sentences for identification or definition of a subject as the person/object identified in the predicate of the sentence. Sometimes used with noun or adjective predicates, especially in certain fixed idiomatic phrases. Used to introduce cleft sentences, which are extremely common in Irish. It is not a verb.

In comparative/superlative formations, is is strictly speaking the relative of the copula, hence an buachaill is literally means "the boy who is biggest", i.e. "the biggest boy". The thing compared is introduced by (than).

Related terms

Was die in der KategorieLATIN - ETYMOLOGY 1
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Latin - Etymology 1

Inflected form of _eō_ (“go”). PRONUNCIATION * (Classical) IPA(key): /iːs/ VERB ĪS * second-person singular present active indicative of _eo_

Inflected form of (go).

Pronunciation

Verb

īs

  1. second-person singular present active indicative of eo

Was die in der KategorieLATIN - ETYMOLOGY 2
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Latin - Etymology 2

From Proto-Italic _*is_, from Proto-Indo-European _*éy_. PRONUNCIATION * (Classical) IPA(key): /is/ PRONOUN IS * (demonstrative) it; he (refers to a masculine word), this, that _IS mihi rescripsit._ HE wrote back to me. DECLENSION Irregular: similar to first and second declensions, except for singular genitives ending in "-ius" and singular datives ending in "-ī". SEE ALSO

From Proto-Italic *is, from Proto-Indo-European *éy.

Pronunciation

Pronoun

is

  1. (demonstrative) it; he (refers to a masculine word), this, that
    Is mihi rescripsit.
    He wrote back to me.
Declension

Irregular: similar to first and second declensions, except for singular genitives ending in "-ius" and singular datives ending in "-ī".

See also

Was die in der KategorieNAVAJO - INTERJECTION
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Navajo - Interjection

IS * as if, as if it were true, it could be, is it really?, what do you mean by that?, so you say expressing surprise USAGE NOTES Usually spelled with the final letter repeated: iss, isss, issss. ALTERNATIVE FORMS * as * isdaʼ

is

  1. as if, as if it were true, it could be, is it really?, what do you mean by that?, so you say expressing surprise

Usage notes

Usually spelled with the final letter repeated: iss, isss, issss.

Alternative forms

  • as
  • isdaʼ

Was die in der KategorieNORWEGIAN BOKMÅL - ETYMOLOGY
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Norwegian Bokmål - Etymology

From Old Norse _íss_, from Proto-Germanic _*īsą_, from Proto-Indo-European _*h₁eiH-_.

From Old Norse íss, from Proto-Germanic *īsą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eiH-.

Was die in der KategorieNORWEGIAN BOKMÅL - NOUN
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Norwegian Bokmål - Noun

IS m (_definite singular_ ISEN, _indefinite plural_ ISER, _definite plural_ ISENE) * (_uncountable_) ice * (_countable_) ice cream SYNONYMS * iskrem (ice cream) DERIVED TERMS

is m (definite singular isen, indefinite plural iser, definite plural isene)

  1. (uncountable) ice
  2. (countable) ice cream

Synonyms

Derived terms

Was die in der KategorieNORWEGIAN NYNORSK - ETYMOLOGY
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Norwegian Nynorsk - Etymology

From Old Norse _íss_, from Proto-Germanic _*īsą_, from Proto-Indo-European _*h₁eiH-_.

From Old Norse íss, from Proto-Germanic *īsą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eiH-.

Was die in der KategorieNORWEGIAN NYNORSK - NOUN
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Norwegian Nynorsk - Noun

IS m (_definite singular_ ISEN, _indefinite plural_ ISAR, _definite plural_ ISANE) * ice * ice cream SYNONYMS * iskrem (ice cream) DERIVED TERMS

is m (definite singular isen, indefinite plural isar, definite plural isane)

  1. ice
  2. ice cream

Synonyms

Derived terms

Was die in der KategorieNORWEGIAN NYNORSK - REFERENCES
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Norwegian Nynorsk - References

* “is” in _The Nynorsk Dictionary_.

Was die in der KategorieOLD ENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY
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Old English - Etymology

From Proto-Germanic _*īsą_, from Proto-Indo-European _*h₁eiH-_, _*ei-_, _*ī-_ (“ice, frost”). Cognate with Old Frisian _īs_ (West Frisian _iis_), Old Saxon _īs_ (Low German _Ies_), Dutch _ijs_, Old High German _īs_ (German _Eis_), Old Norse _íss_ (Danish and Swedish _is_), Gothic

From Proto-Germanic *īsą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eiH-, *ei-, *ī- (ice, frost). Cognate with Old Frisian īs (West Frisian iis), Old Saxon īs (Low German Ies), Dutch ijs, Old High German īs (German Eis), Old Norse íss (Danish and Swedish is), Gothic

Was die in der KategorieOLD ENGLISH - PRONUNCIATION
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Old English - Pronunciation

* IPA(key): /iːs/

  • IPA(key): /iːs/

Was die in der KategorieOLD ENGLISH - NOUN
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Old English - Noun

ĪS n * ice * the Legend of St Andrew _Ofer eastreamas IS brycgade._ The ICE formed a bridge over the streams. * The runic character ᛁ (/i/ or /i:/) DERIVED TERMS * īsceald * īsiġ DESCENDANTS * Middle English: is * Scots: ice * English: ice

īs n

  1. ice
  2. The runic character (/i/ or /i:/)

Derived terms

Descendants

Was die in der KategorieOLD HIGH GERMAN - ETYMOLOGY
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Old High German - Etymology

From Proto-Germanic _*īsą_, from Proto-Indo-European _*h₁eiH-_. Compare Old Saxon _īs_, Old English _īs_, Old Norse _íss_, Gothic

From Proto-Germanic *īsą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eiH-. Compare Old Saxon īs, Old English īs, Old Norse íss, Gothic

Was die in der KategorieOLD HIGH GERMAN - NOUN
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Old High German - Noun

ĪS * ice DESCENDANTS * German: Eis

īs

  1. ice

Descendants

Was die in der KategorieOLD IRISH - ETYMOLOGY
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Old Irish - Etymology

The lemma _is_ itself is from Proto-Indo-European _*h₁esti_; other forms are from either Proto-Indo-European _*h₁es-_ or Proto-Indo-European _*bʰuH-_.

The lemma is itself is from Proto-Indo-European *h₁esti; other forms are from either Proto-Indo-European *h₁es- or Proto-Indo-European *bʰuH-.

Was die in der KategorieOLD IRISH - VERB
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Old Irish - Verb

IS * to be * _c._ 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in _Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus_ (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 14d26 IS i persin Crist da·gníu-sa sin. It is in the person of Christ that I do that. USAGE NOTES This is the so-called "copula", which is distinct from the "substantive verb" _at·tá_. The copula is used with noun predicates and to introduce a cleft sentence. CONJUGATION DERIVED TERMS * cesu (“although... is”) * condid (“so that... is”) * in (“is... ?”) * masu (“if... is”) * ní (“is not”) SYNONYMS * at·tá (substantive verb)

is

  1. to be

Usage notes

This is the so-called "copula", which is distinct from the "substantive verb" at·tá. The copula is used with noun predicates and to introduce a cleft sentence.

Conjugation

Derived terms

Synonyms

Was die in der KategorieOLD SAXON - ETYMOLOGY 1
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Old Saxon - Etymology 1

From Proto-Germanic _*it_. PRONOUN IS (_is_) * his, its DECLENSION

From Proto-Germanic *it.

Pronoun

is (is)

  1. his, its
Declension

Was die in der KategorieOLD SAXON - ETYMOLOGY 2
Informationen zum Thema

Old Saxon - Etymology 2

VERB IS * third-person singular present indicative of _wesan_

Verb

is

  1. third-person singular present indicative of wesan

Was die in der KategorieOLD SAXON - ETYMOLOGY 3
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Old Saxon - Etymology 3

From Proto-Germanic _*īsą_, from Proto-Indo-European _*h₁eiH-_, _*ei-_, _*ī-_ (“ice, frost”). Cognate with Old Frisian _īs_ (West Frisian _iis_), Old English _īs_ (English _ice_), Dutch _ijs_, Old High German _īs_ (German _Eis_), Old Norse _íss_ (Danish and Swedish _is_), Gothic

From Proto-Germanic *īsą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eiH-, *ei-, *ī- (ice, frost). Cognate with Old Frisian īs (West Frisian iis), Old English īs (English ice), Dutch ijs, Old High German īs (German Eis), Old Norse íss (Danish and Swedish is), Gothic

Was die in der KategoriePORTUGUESE - PRONUNCIATION
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Portuguese - Pronunciation

* (Brazil) IPA(key): /ˈis/ * (Carioca) IPA(key): /ˈiʃ/

Was die in der KategoriePORTUGUESE - NOUN
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Portuguese - Noun

IS * plural form of _i_ * 2003, J. K. Rowling, Lya Wyler, _Harry Potter e a Ordem da Fênix_, Rocco, page 411: Se você pôs os pingos nos IS e cortou os tês então pode fazer o que quiser! If you've dotted your I's and crossed your T's, then you can do whatever you want!

is

  1. plural form of i

Was die in der KategorieSCOTS - ADVERB
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Scots - Adverb

IS (_not comparable_) * (South Scots) as SYNONYMS * es

is (not comparable)

  1. (South Scots) as

Synonyms

Was die in der KategorieSCOTS - CONJUNCTION
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Scots - Conjunction

IS * (South Scots) as SYNONYMS * es

is

  1. (South Scots) as

Synonyms

Was die in der KategorieSCOTS - PRONOUN
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Scots - Pronoun

IS _personal, non-emphatic_ * (South Scots) me SEE ALSO * A * mei (emphatic variant)

is personal, non-emphatic

  1. (South Scots) me

See also

Was die in der KategorieSCOTS - VERB
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Scots - Verb

IS * third-person singular simple present indicative form of be

is

  1. third-person singular simple present indicative form of be

Was die in der KategorieSCOTS - SEE ALSO
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Scots - See Also

* ir

Was die in der KategorieSCOTTISH GAELIC - ALTERNATIVE FORMS
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Scottish Gaelic - Alternative Forms

* 's

  • 's

Was die in der KategorieSCOTTISH GAELIC - CONJUNCTION
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Scottish Gaelic - Conjunction

IS * and SYNONYMS * agus

is

  1. and

Synonyms

Was die in der KategorieSCOTTISH GAELIC - VERB
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Scottish Gaelic - Verb

IS * am, are, is USAGE NOTES * This defective verb doesn't have the infinitive, future tense, subjunctive or conditional moods. * The dependent form, used after particles, is _e_. * IS is used when linking the subject of a sentence with an object ("somebody is somebody", "somebody is something", "something is something"), otherwise forms of the verb _bi_ are used: _IS mise Dòmhnall._ ― I am Donald. _THA mise ann an taigh-seinnse._ ― I am in a pub. DERIVED TERMS * an e...? * bu * chan e * gur e

is

  1. am, are, is

Usage notes

Derived terms

Was die in der KategorieSWEDISH - ETYMOLOGY
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Swedish - Etymology

From Old Norse _íss_, from Proto-Germanic _*īsą_, from Proto-Indo-European _*h₁eiH-_.

From Old Norse íss, from Proto-Germanic *īsą, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁eiH-.

Was die in der KategorieSWEDISH - NOUN
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Swedish - Noun

IS c * (uncountable) Ice; frozen water. * (countable) Ice; a sheet of ice lying on a body of water. DECLENSION RELATED TERMS

is c

  1. (uncountable) Ice; frozen water.
  2. (countable) Ice; a sheet of ice lying on a body of water.

Declension

Related terms

Was die in der KategorieSWEDISH - REFERENCES
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Swedish - References

* is in _Svenska Akademiens Ordlista_ över svenska språket (13th ed., online)

Was die in der KategorieTOK PISIN - ETYMOLOGY
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Tok Pisin - Etymology

From English _East_.

From English East.

Was die in der KategorieTOK PISIN - NOUN
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Tok Pisin - Noun

IS * East

is

  1. East

Was die in der KategorieTURKISH - NOUN
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Turkish - Noun

IS (_definite accusative_ ISI, _plural_ ISLER) * fume DECLENSION

is (definite accusative isi, plural isler)

  1. fume

Declension

Was die in der KategorieVOLAPÜK - ADVERB
Informationen zum Thema

Volapük - Adverb

IS * here

is

  1. here


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