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Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY
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English - Etymology

From Middle French _particule_, and its source, Latin _particula_ (“small part, particle”), diminutive of _pars_ (“part, piece”).

From Middle French particule, and its source, Latin particula (small part, particle), diminutive of pars (part, piece).

Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - PRONUNCIATION
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English - Pronunciation

* (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈpɑːtɪk(ə)l/ * (General American) IPA(key): /ˈpɑɹtɪkəl/ * Rhymes: -ɑː(ɹ)tɪkəl

Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - NOUN
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English - Noun

PARTICLE (_plural_ PARTICLES) * A very small piece of matter, a fragment; especially, the smallest possible part of something. [from 14th c.] * (linguistics, sensu lato) A part of speech which can not be declined, an adverb, preposition, conjunction or interjection * 1844, E. A. Andrews: _First Lessions in Latin; or Introduction to Andrews and Stoddard's Latin Grammar._ (6th edition, Boston), p.91 (at books.google) 322. The parts of speech which are neither declined nor conjugated, are called by the general name of PARTICLES. 323. They are adverbs, prepositions, conjunctions, and interjections. * 1894 (2008), B. L. Gildersleeve & G. Lodge: _Gildersleeve's Latin Grammar_ (reprint of the 3rd edition by Dover, 2008), p.9. (at books.google) The Parts of Speech are the Noun (Substantive and Adjective), the Pronoun, the Verb, and the PARTICLES (Adverb, Preposition, and Conjunction)[.] * (linguistics, sensu stricto) A word that has a particular grammatical function but does not obviously belong to any particular part of speech, such as the word _to_ in English infinitives or O as the vocative particle. * In English there is no grammatical device to differentiate predicational judgments from nonpredicational descriptions. This distinction does cast a shadow on the grammatical sphere to some extent, but recognition of it must generally be made in semantic terms. It is maintained here that in Japanese, on the other hand, the distinction is grammatically realized through the use of the two PARTICLES wa and ga. * Traditional grammar typically recog- nises a number of further categories: for example, in his Reference Book of Terms in Traditional Grammar for Language Students, Simpson (1982) posits two additional word-level categories which he refers to as _PARTICLE_, and _Conjunction_. PARTICLES include the italicised words in (58) below: (58) (a)      He put his hat _on_        (b)      If you pull too hard, the handle will come _off_        (c)      He was leaning too far over the side, and fell _out_        (d)      He went _up_ to see the manager * (physics) Any of various physical objects making up the constituent parts of an atom; an elementary particle or subatomic particle. [from 19th c.] * 2011, Brian Cox & Jeff Forshaw, _The Quantum Universe_, Allen Lane 2011, p. 55: What, he asked himself, does quantum theory have to say about the familiar properties of PARTICLES such as position? SYNONYMS * See also Wikisaurus:particle DERIVED TERMS RELATED TERMS * part * particular * particulate TRANSLATIONS

particle (plural particles)

  1. A very small piece of matter, a fragment; especially, the smallest possible part of something. [from 14th c.]
  2. (linguistics, sensu lato) A part of speech which can not be declined, an adverb, preposition, conjunction or interjection
  3. (linguistics, sensu stricto) A word that has a particular grammatical function but does not obviously belong to any particular part of speech, such as the word to in English infinitives or O as the vocative particle.
  4. (physics) Any of various physical objects making up the constituent parts of an atom; an elementary particle or subatomic particle. [from 19th c.]

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