English - See Also
English - Alternative Forms
English - Etymology
English - Pronunciation
- IPA(key): [ɹɪˈpʌblɪk]
- Hyphenation: re‧pub‧lic
English - Noun
A state where sovereignty rests with the people or their representatives, rather than with a monarch or emperor; a country with no monarchy.
- The United States is a republic; the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland is a constitutional monarchy.
(archaic) A state, which may or may not be a monarchy, in which the executive and legislative branches of government are separate.
1795, Immanuel Kant, Perpetual Peace:
A Philosophical Sketch
- Republicanism is the political principle of the separation of the executive power (the administration) from the legislative; despotism is that of the autonomous execution by the state of laws which it has itself decreed. […] Therefore, we can say: the smaller the personnel of the government (the smaller the number of rulers), the greater is their representation and the more nearly the constitution approaches to the possibility of republicanism; thus the constitution may be expected by gradual reform finally to raise itself to republicanism […]. None of the ancient so-called "republics" knew this system, and they all finally and inevitably degenerated into despotism under the sovereignty of one, which is the most bearable of all forms of despotism.
- 1795, Immanuel Kant, Perpetual Peace: A Philosophical Sketch
- One of the subdivisions constituting Russia. See oblast.