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Dont le dans la catégorieENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY
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English - Etymology

First attested in 1600. From Latin _abstēmius_ (“abstaining from wine”); from _ab_, _abs_ (“from”) + _tēmus_, root of _tēmētum_ (“intoxicating drink, mead, wine”), akin to German _dämlich_ (“stupid, silly”), Old Norse _þám_ (“mugginess”), Old Irish _tám_ (“death”), Sanskrit _ताम्यति_ (tāmyati, “he becomes stunned, exhausted”).

First attested in 1600. From Latin abstēmius (abstaining from wine); from ab, abs (from) + tēmus, root of tēmētum (intoxicating drink, mead, wine), akin to German dämlich (stupid, silly), Old Norse þám (mugginess), Old Irish tám (death), Sanskrit ताम्यति (tāmyati, he becomes stunned, exhausted).

Dont le dans la catégorieENGLISH - PRONUNCIATION
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English - Pronunciation

* (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /æbˈstiː.mɪ.əs/ * (US) IPA(key): /æbˈsti.mi.əs/, /əbˈsti.mi.əs/ * Rhymes: -iːmiəs

Dont le dans la catégorieENGLISH - ADJECTIVE
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English - Adjective

ABSTEMIOUS (_comparative_ MORE ABSTEMIOUS, _superlative_ MOST ABSTEMIOUS) * Sparing in diet; refraining from a free use of food and strong drinks; temperate; abstinent; sparing in the indulgence of the appetite or passions. [First attested in the mid 17th century.] * Instances of longevity are chiefly among the ABSTEMIOUS - John Arbuthnot. * Under his special eye ABSTEMIOUS I grew up and thrived amain. - John Milton * 1919, W. Somerset Maugham, _The Moon and Sixpence_, chapter 28 In the dimness of the landing I could not see him very well, but there was something in his voice that surprised me. I knew he was of ABSTEMIOUS habit or I should have thought he had been drinking. * Sparingly used; used with temperance or moderation. [First attested in the mid 17th century.] * an ABSTEMIOUS diet - Edward Gibbon * Marked by, or spent in, abstinence; as, an _abstemious_ life. * One ABSTEMIOUS day. - Alexander Pope * 1826, Mary Shelley, _The Last Man_, Chapter 5 [...] when I, ABSTEMIOUS naturally, and rendered so by the fever that preyed on me, was forced to recruit myself with food. * (rare) Promotive of abstemiousness. * Such is the virtue of the ABSTEMIOUS well. - John Dryden * For usage examples of this term, see the citations page. SYNONYMS abstentious, abstinent, continent, self-abnegating, self-denying, sober, temperate DERIVED TERMS * abstemiousness * unabstemious TRANSLATIONS

abstemious (comparative more abstemious, superlative most abstemious)

  1. Sparing in diet; refraining from a free use of food and strong drinks; temperate; abstinent; sparing in the indulgence of the appetite or passions. [First attested in the mid 17th century.]
  2. Sparingly used; used with temperance or moderation. [First attested in the mid 17th century.]
  3. Marked by, or spent in, abstinence; as, an abstemious life.
  4. (rare) Promotive of abstemiousness.

Synonyms

abstentious, abstinent, continent, self-abnegating, self-denying, sober, temperate

Derived terms

Translations

Dont le dans la catégorieENGLISH - REFERENCES
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English - References

* ↑ 1.0 1.1 Lesley Brown (editor), _The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary_, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 9

  1. 1.0 1.1 Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 9


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