English - Etymology
From archaism (“ancient or obsolete phrase or expression”) or from French archaïque, ultimately from Ancient Greek ἀρχαικός (arkhaikós, “old-fashioned”), from ἀρχαῖος (arkhaîos, “from the beginning, antiquated, ancient, old”), from ἀρχή (arkhḗ, “beginning, origin”), from ἄρχω (árkhō, “I am first”).
English - Pronunciation
English - Noun
- (archaeology, US, usually capitalized) A general term for the prehistoric period intermediate between the earliest period (‘Paleo-Indian’, ‘Paleo-American’, ‘American‐paleolithic’, &c.) of human presence in the Western Hemisphere, and the most recent prehistoric period (‘Woodland’, etc.).
- (paleoanthropology) (A member of) an archaic variety of Homo sapiens.
English - Adjective
Of or characterized by antiquity; old-fashioned, quaint, antiquated.
1848, James Russel Lowell, The Biglow Papers:
- A person familiar with the dialect of certain portions of Massachusetts will not fail to recognize, in ordinary discourse, many words now noted in English vocabularies as archaic, the greater part of which were in common use about the time of the King James translation of the Bible. Shakespeare stands less in need of a glossary to most New Englanders than to many a native of the Old Country.
- 1887, Barcley V. Head, Historia Numorum A Manual Of Greek Numismatics:
- 1898, William Cowper Brann, The Complete Works of Brann the Iconoclast:
- 1848, James Russel Lowell, The Biglow Papers:
- (of words) No longer in ordinary use, though still used occasionally to give a sense of antiquity.
- (archaeology) Belonging to the archaic period