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Dont le dans la catégorieENGLISH - PRONUNCIATION
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English - Pronunciation

* (Received Pronunciation) enPR: läst, IPA(key): /lɑːst/ * Rhymes: -ɑːst * (GA) enPR: lăst, IPA(key): /læst/ * Rhymes: -æst * (Northern England) IPA(key): /last/ * Rhymes: -ast * (Scotland) IPA(key): /ɫast/ * Rhymes: -ast

Dont le dans la catégorieENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY 1
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English - Etymology 1

From Middle English _last_, _latst_, syncopated variant of _latest_, from Old English _latost_, _latest_, _lætest_, superlative of _læt_, whence English late. ADJECTIVE LAST (_not comparable_) * Final, ultimate, coming after all others of its kind. _“Eyes Wide Shut” was the LAST film to be directed by Stanley Kubrick._ * Most recent, latest, last so far. _The LAST time I saw him, he was married._ _I have received your note dated the 17th LAST, and am responding to say that […]_ .   (archaic usage) * Farthest of all from a given quality, character, or condition; most unlikely, or least preferable. _He is the LAST person to be accused of theft._ _The LAST person I want to meet is Helen._ _More rain is the LAST thing we need right now._ * Being the only one remaining of its class. _Japan is the LAST empire._ * Supreme; highest in degree; utmost. * R. Hall Contending for principles of the LAST importance. * Lowest in rank or degree. _the LAST prize_ (Can we find and add a quotation of Alexander Pope to this entry?) SYNONYMS * (final): at the end, caboose, final, tail end, terminal, ultimate * (most recent): latest, most recent DERIVED TERMS * last word * nice guys finish last TRANSLATIONS DETERMINER LAST * The (one) immediately before the present. _LAST night the moon was full._ _We went there LAST year._ _LAST Tuesday was Hallowe'en._ (Discuss(+) this sense) _LAST time we talked about this was in January._ * (of a day of the week) Closest to seven days (one week) ago. _It's Wednesday, and the party was LAST Tuesday; that is, not yesterday, but eight days ago._ USAGE NOTES * (both senses): This cannot be used in past or future tense to refer to a time immediately before the subject matter. For example, one does not say _I was very tired yesterday, due to not having slept well last night_: _last night_ in that sentence refers to the night before the speaker is speaking, not the night before the "yesterday" to which he refers. He would need to say _I was very tired yesterday, due to not having slept well the night before_ or the like. TRANSLATIONS ADVERB LAST (_not comparable_) * Most recently. _When we LAST met, he was based in Toronto._ * Shakespeare How long is't now since LAST yourself and I / Were in a mask? * (sequence) after everything else; finally _I'll go LAST._ _last but not least_ * Dryden Pleased with his idol, he commends, admires, / Adores; and, LAST, the thing adored desires. SYNONYMS * finally * lastly TRANSLATIONS

From Middle English last, latst, syncopated variant of latest, from Old English latost, latest, lætest, superlative of læt, whence English late.

Adjective

last (not comparable)

  1. Final, ultimate, coming after all others of its kind.
    “Eyes Wide Shut” was the last film to be directed by Stanley Kubrick.
  2. Most recent, latest, last so far.
    The last time I saw him, he was married.
    I have received your note dated the 17th last, and am responding to say that [] .   (archaic usage)
  3. Farthest of all from a given quality, character, or condition; most unlikely, or least preferable.
    He is the last person to be accused of theft.
    The last person I want to meet is Helen.
    More rain is the last thing we need right now.
  4. Being the only one remaining of its class.
    Japan is the last empire.
  5. Supreme; highest in degree; utmost.
  6. Lowest in rank or degree.
    the last prize
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Alexander Pope to this entry?)
Synonyms
Derived terms
Translations

Determiner

last

  1. The (one) immediately before the present.
    Last night the moon was full.
    We went there last year.
    Last Tuesday was Hallowe'en.
    (Discuss(+) this sense) Last time we talked about this was in January.
  2. (of a day of the week) Closest to seven days (one week) ago.
    It's Wednesday, and the party was last Tuesday; that is, not yesterday, but eight days ago.
Usage notes
Translations

Adverb

last (not comparable)

  1. Most recently.
    When we last met, he was based in Toronto.
  2. (sequence) after everything else; finally
    I'll go last.
    last but not least
Synonyms
Translations

Dont le dans la catégorieENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY 2
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English - Etymology 2

From Middle English _lasten_, from Old English _lǣstan_, from Proto-Germanic _*laistijaną_. Cognate with German _leisten_ (“yield”). VERB LAST (_third-person singular simple present_ LASTS, _present participle_ LASTING, _simple past and past participle_ LASTED) * (transitive, obsolete) To perform, carry out. * (intransitive) To endure, continue over time. _Summer seems to LAST longer each year._ _They seem happy now, but that won't LAST long._ * 1915, Mrs. Belloc Lowndes, _The Lodger_, chapter I: Thus the red damask curtains which now shut out the fog-laden, drizzling atmosphere of the Marylebone Road, had cost a mere song, and yet they might have been warranted to LAST another thirty years. A great bargain also had been the excellent Axminster carpet which covered the floor; […]. * (intransitive) To hold out, continue undefeated or entire. _I don't know how much longer we can LAST without reinforcements._ SYNONYMS * continue * endure * survive ANTONYMS * disintegrate * dissipate * fall apart * wear out RELATED TERMS * everlasting * lasting TRANSLATIONS

From Middle English lasten, from Old English lǣstan, from Proto-Germanic *laistijaną. Cognate with German leisten (yield).

Verb

last (third-person singular simple present lasts, present participle lasting, simple past and past participle lasted)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To perform, carry out.
  2. (intransitive) To endure, continue over time.
    Summer seems to last longer each year.
    They seem happy now, but that won't last long.
  3. (intransitive) To hold out, continue undefeated or entire.
    I don't know how much longer we can last without reinforcements.
Synonyms
Antonyms
Related terms
Translations

Dont le dans la catégorieENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY 3
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English - Etymology 3

Old English _læste_. NOUN Wikipedia LAST (_plural_ LASTS) * a tool for shaping or preserving the shape of shoes * 2006, Newman, Cathy, _Every Shoe Tells a Story_, National Geographic (September, 2006), 83, How is an in-your-face black leather thigh-high lace-up boot with a four-inch spike heel like a man's black calf lace-up oxford? They are both made on a LAST, the wood or plastic foot-shaped form that leather is stretched over and shaped to make a shoe. DERIVED TERMS * cobbler, keep to your last TRANSLATIONS VERB LAST (_third-person singular simple present_ LASTS, _present participle_ LASTING, _simple past and past participle_ LASTED) * To shape with a last; to fasten or fit to a last; to place smoothly on a last. _to LAST a boot_

Old English læste.

Noun

Wikipedia

last (plural lasts)

  1. a tool for shaping or preserving the shape of shoes
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

last (third-person singular simple present lasts, present participle lasting, simple past and past participle lasted)

  1. To shape with a last; to fasten or fit to a last; to place smoothly on a last.
    to last a boot

Dont le dans la catégorieENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY 4
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English - Etymology 4

From Middle English _last_, from Old English _hlæst_ (“burden, load, freight”), from Proto-Germanic _*hlastuz_ (“burden, load, freight”), from Proto-Indo-European _*kleh₂-_ (“to put, lay out”). Cognate with West Frisian _lêst_, Dutch _last_, German _Last_, Swedish _last_, Icelandic _lest_. NOUN LAST (_plural_ LASTS) * (obsolete) A burden; load; a cargo; freight. * (obsolete) A measure of weight or quantity, varying in designation depending on the goods concerned. * 1624, John Smith, _Generall Historie_, in Kupperman 1988, p. 114: Now we so quietly followed our businesse, that in three moneths wee made three or foure LAST of Tarre, Pitch, and Sope ashes [...]. * 1866, James Edwin Thorold Rogers, _A History of Agriculture and Prices in England_, Volume 1, page 169, The LAST of wool is twelve sacks. * (obsolete) An old English (and Dutch) measure of the carrying capacity of a ship, equal to two tons. * 1942 (1601), T D Mutch, _The First Discovery of Australia_, page 14, The tonnage of the Duyfken of Harmensz's fleet is given as 25 and 30 LASTEN. * A load of some commodity with reference to its weight and commercial value. TRANSLATIONS STATISTICS

From Middle English last, from Old English hlæst (burden, load, freight), from Proto-Germanic *hlastuz (burden, load, freight), from Proto-Indo-European *kleh₂- (to put, lay out). Cognate with West Frisian lêst, Dutch last, German Last, Swedish last, Icelandic lest.

Noun

last (plural lasts)

  1. (obsolete) A burden; load; a cargo; freight.
  2. (obsolete) A measure of weight or quantity, varying in designation depending on the goods concerned.
  3. (obsolete) An old English (and Dutch) measure of the carrying capacity of a ship, equal to two tons.
  4. A load of some commodity with reference to its weight and commercial value.
Translations

Statistics

Dont le dans la catégorieENGLISH - ANAGRAMS
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English - Anagrams

* lats * salt * slat

Dont le dans la catégorieDANISH - PRONUNCIATION
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Danish - Pronunciation

* IPA(key): /last/, [lasd̥]

  • IPA(key): /last/, [lasd̥]

Dont le dans la catégorieDANISH - ETYMOLOGY 1
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Danish - Etymology 1

From Middle Low German _last_. NOUN LAST c (_singular definite_ LASTEN, _plural indefinite_ LASTER) * cargo * cargo hold, hold (cargo area) * weight, burden INFLECTION SYNONYMS * (cargo): ladning * (hold): lastrum

From Middle Low German last.

Noun

last c (singular definite lasten, plural indefinite laster)

  1. cargo
  2. cargo hold, hold (cargo area)
  3. weight, burden
Inflection
Synonyms

Dont le dans la catégorieDANISH - ETYMOLOGY 2
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Danish - Etymology 2

From Old Norse _lǫstr_ NOUN LAST c (_singular definite_ LASTEN, _plural indefinite_ LASTER) * vice INFLECTION

From Old Norse lǫstr

Noun

last c (singular definite lasten, plural indefinite laster)

  1. vice
Inflection

Dont le dans la catégorieDANISH - ETYMOLOGY 3
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Danish - Etymology 3

See _laste_ (“to load, carry”) and _laste_ (“to blame”). VERB LAST * imperative of _laste_

See laste (to load, carry) and laste (to blame).

Verb

last

  1. imperative of laste

Dont le dans la catégorieDANISH - EXTERNAL LINKS
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Danish - External Links

* LAST on the Danish Wikipedia.da.Wikipedia

Dont le dans la catégorieDUTCH - ETYMOLOGY
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Dutch - Etymology

From Proto-Germanic _*hlastiz_, from *_hlaþ-_ (stem of _*hlaþaną_, Dutch _laden_) + _*-tiz_.

From Proto-Germanic *hlastiz, from *hlaþ- (stem of *hlaþaną, Dutch laden) + *-tiz.

Dont le dans la catégorieDUTCH - PRONUNCIATION
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Dutch - Pronunciation

* Rhymes: -ɑst

  • Rhymes: -ɑst

Dont le dans la catégorieDUTCH - NOUN
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Dutch - Noun

LAST m (_plural_ LASTEN, _diminutive_ LASTJE n) * expense * load, burden * hindrance, problem * (dated) A measure of volume, 3 cubic meter DERIVED TERMS * belasten * belasting * last hebben van * lastpost * vaste last

last m (plural lasten, diminutive lastje n)

  1. expense
  2. load, burden
  3. hindrance, problem
  4. (dated) A measure of volume, 3 cubic meter

Derived terms

Dont le dans la catégorieDUTCH - VERB
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Dutch - Verb

LAST * second- and third-person singular present indicative of _lassen_ * (archaic) plural imperative of _lassen_

last

  1. second- and third-person singular present indicative of lassen
  2. (archaic) plural imperative of lassen

Dont le dans la catégorieDUTCH - ANAGRAMS
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Dutch - Anagrams

* stal

Dont le dans la catégorieESTONIAN - NOUN
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Estonian - Noun

LAST * Partitive singular form of laps.

last

  1. Partitive singular form of laps.

Dont le dans la catégorieGERMAN - VERB
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German - Verb

LAST * Second-person singular preterite of _lesen_. * Second-person plural preterite of _lesen_.

last

  1. Second-person singular preterite of lesen.
  2. Second-person plural preterite of lesen.

Dont le dans la catégorieNORWEGIAN BOKMÅL - ETYMOLOGY 1
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Norwegian Bokmål - Etymology 1

From Middle Low German _last_ NOUN LAST f, m (_definite singular_ LASTA _or_ LASTEN, _indefinite plural_ LASTER, _definite plural_ LASTENE) * a load or cargo DERIVED TERMS * lastebil * nyttelast

From Middle Low German last

Noun

last f, m (definite singular lasta or lasten, indefinite plural laster, definite plural lastene)

  1. a load or cargo
Derived terms

Dont le dans la catégorieNORWEGIAN BOKMÅL - ETYMOLOGY 2
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Norwegian Bokmål - Etymology 2

VERB LAST * imperative of _laste_

Verb

last

  1. imperative of laste

Dont le dans la catégorieNORWEGIAN BOKMÅL - REFERENCES
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Norwegian Bokmål - References

* “last” in _The Bokmål Dictionary_.

Dont le dans la catégorieNORWEGIAN NYNORSK - ETYMOLOGY
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Norwegian Nynorsk - Etymology

From Middle Low German _last_

From Middle Low German last

Dont le dans la catégorieNORWEGIAN NYNORSK - NOUN
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Norwegian Nynorsk - Noun

LAST f, m (_definite singular_ LASTA _or_ LASTEN, _indefinite plural_ LASTER _or_ LASTAR, _definite plural_ LASTENE _or_ LASTANE) * a load or cargo DERIVED TERMS * lastebil * nyttelast

last f, m (definite singular lasta or lasten, indefinite plural laster or lastar, definite plural lastene or lastane)

  1. a load or cargo

Derived terms

Dont le dans la catégorieNORWEGIAN NYNORSK - REFERENCES
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Norwegian Nynorsk - References

* “last” in _The Nynorsk Dictionary_.

Dont le dans la catégorieOLD ENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY
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Old English - Etymology

From Proto-Germanic _*laistaz_, along with the feminine variant lǣst. Cognate with Middle Dutch _leest_ (Dutch _leest_), Old High German _leist_ (German _Leist_), Old Norse _leist-r_ (“foot, sock”) (Swedish _läst_, Danish _läst_).

From Proto-Germanic *laistaz, along with the feminine variant lǣst. Cognate with Middle Dutch leest (Dutch leest), Old High German leist (German Leist), Old Norse leist-r (foot, sock) (Swedish läst, Danish läst).

Dont le dans la catégorieOLD ENGLISH - PRONUNCIATION
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Old English - Pronunciation

* IPA(key): /laːst/

  • IPA(key): /laːst/

Dont le dans la catégorieOLD ENGLISH - NOUN
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Old English - Noun

LĀST m (_nominative plural_ LĀSTAS) * footstep, track RELATED TERMS * lǣstan

lāst m (nominative plural lāstas)

  1. footstep, track

Related terms

Dont le dans la catégorieSLOVENE - ETYMOLOGY
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Slovene - Etymology

Proto-Slavic _*volstь_.

Proto-Slavic *volstь.

Dont le dans la catégorieSLOVENE - PRONUNCIATION
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Slovene - Pronunciation

* IPA(key): /ˈláːst/ * Tonal orthography: lȃst

Dont le dans la catégorieSLOVENE - NOUN
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Slovene - Noun

LÁST f (_genitive_ LASTÍ, _uncountable_) * property DECLENSION

lást f (genitive lastí, uncountable)

  1. property

Declension

Dont le dans la catégorieSWEDISH - NOUN
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Swedish - Noun

LAST c * cargo * load; a burden * load; a certain amount that can be processed at one time * (engineering) load; a force on a structure * (electical engineering) load; any component that draws current or power * habit which is difficult to get rid of, vice _Rökning var hans enda last_ DECLENSION SEE ALSO * (cargo): lasta, lastbil * (habit): vana, ovana

last c

  1. cargo
  2. load; a burden
  3. load; a certain amount that can be processed at one time
  4. (engineering) load; a force on a structure
  5. (electical engineering) load; any component that draws current or power
  6. habit which is difficult to get rid of, vice
    Rökning var hans enda last

Declension

See also


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