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Dont le dans la catégorieENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY
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English - Etymology

From Middle English _proof_, from Old French _prove_, from Late Latin _proba_ (“a proof”), from Latin _probare_ (“to prove”); see prove.

From Middle English proof, from Old French prove, from Late Latin proba (a proof), from Latin probare (to prove); see prove.

Dont le dans la catégorieENGLISH - PRONUNCIATION
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English - Pronunciation

* IPA(key): /pɹuːf/ * Rhymes: -uːf

  • IPA(key): /pɹuːf/
  • Rhymes: -uːf

Dont le dans la catégorieENGLISH - NOUN
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English - Noun

PROOF (_countable and uncountable_, _plural_ PROOFS) * (countable) An effort, process, or operation designed to establish or discover a fact or truth; an act of testing; a test; a trial. * 1591, Edmund Spenser, _Prosopopoia: or, Mother Hubbard's Tale_, later also published in William Michael Rossetti, _Humorous Poems_, But the false Fox most kindly played his part, For whatsoever mother-wit or art Could work he put in PROOF. No practice sly, No counterpoint of cunning policy, No reach, no breach, that might him profit bring. But he the same did to his purpose wring. * C. 1633, John Ford, _Love's Sacrifice_, Act 1, Scene 1, France I more praise and love; you are, my lord, Yourself for horsemanship much famed; and there You shall have many PROOFS to shew your skill. * 1831, Thomas Thomson, _A System of Chemistry of Inorganic Bodies_, Volume 2, A given quantity of the spirits was poured upon a quantity of gunpowder in a dish and set on fire. If at the end of the combustion, the gunpowder continued dry enough, it took fire and exploded; but if it had been wetted by the water in the spirits, the flame of the alcohol went out without setting the powder on fire. This was called the _PROOF_. * (uncountable) The degree of evidence which convinces the mind of any truth or fact, and produces belief; a test by facts or arguments which induce, or tend to induce, certainty of the judgment; conclusive evidence; demonstration. * C.1603, William Shakespeare, _The Tragedy of Othello, The Moor of Venice_, I'll have some PROOF. * 1841, Ralph Waldo Emerson, _The Over-Soul_ in _Essays: First Series_, It was a grand sentence of Emanuel Swedenborg, which would alone indicate the greatness of that man's perception, — "It is no PROOF of a man's understanding to be able to confirm whatever he pleases; but to be able to discern that what is true is true, and that what is false is false, this is the mark and character of intelligence." * 1990 October 16, Paul Simon, "Proof" in _The Rhythm of the Saints_, Warner Bros., Faith, faith is an island in the setting sun But PROOF, yes PROOF is the bottom line for everyone * The quality or state of having been proved or tried; firmness or hardness which resists impression, or doesn't yield to force; impenetrability of physical bodies. * (obsolete) Experience of something. * 1590, Edmund Spenser, _The Faerie Queene_, III.1: But the chaste damzell, that had never PRIEFE / Of such malengine and fine forgerye, / Did easely beleeve her strong extremitye. * (uncountable, obsolete) Firmness of mind; stability not to be shaken. * (countable, printing) A proof sheet; a trial impression, as from type, taken for correction or examination. * (countable, logic, mathematics) A sequence of statements consisting of axioms, assumptions, statements already demonstrated in another proof, and statements that logically follow from previous statements in the sequence, and which concludes with a statement that is the object of the proof. * (countable, mathematics) A process for testing the accuracy of an operation performed. Compare prove, _transitive verb_, 5. * (obsolete) Armour of excellent or tried quality, and deemed impenetrable; properly, armour of proof. (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?) * (US) A measure of the alcohol content of liquor. Originally, in Britain, 100 PROOF was defined as 57.1% by volume (not used anymore). In the US, 100 PROOF means that the alcohol content is 50% of the total volume of the liquid, and thus, absolute alcohol would be 200 PROOF. HYPONYMS * artist's proof * conditional proof * printer's proof * proof reader * working proof Derived

proof (countable and uncountable, plural proofs)

  1. (countable) An effort, process, or operation designed to establish or discover a fact or truth; an act of testing; a test; a trial.
  2. (uncountable) The degree of evidence which convinces the mind of any truth or fact, and produces belief; a test by facts or arguments which induce, or tend to induce, certainty of the judgment; conclusive evidence; demonstration.
  3. The quality or state of having been proved or tried; firmness or hardness which resists impression, or doesn't yield to force; impenetrability of physical bodies.
  4. (obsolete) Experience of something.
  5. (uncountable, obsolete) Firmness of mind; stability not to be shaken.
  6. (countable, printing) A proof sheet; a trial impression, as from type, taken for correction or examination.
  7. (countable, logic, mathematics) A sequence of statements consisting of axioms, assumptions, statements already demonstrated in another proof, and statements that logically follow from previous statements in the sequence, and which concludes with a statement that is the object of the proof.
  8. (countable, mathematics) A process for testing the accuracy of an operation performed. Compare prove, transitive verb, 5.
  9. (obsolete) Armour of excellent or tried quality, and deemed impenetrable; properly, armour of proof.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare to this entry?)
  10. (US) A measure of the alcohol content of liquor. Originally, in Britain, 100 proof was defined as 57.1% by volume (not used anymore). In the US, 100 proof means that the alcohol content is 50% of the total volume of the liquid, and thus, absolute alcohol would be 200 proof.

Hyponyms

Derived

English - Adjective

PROOF (_comparative_ MORE PROOF, _superlative_ MOST PROOF) * Used in proving or testing. _a PROOF load_; _a PROOF charge_ * Firm or successful in resisting. _PROOF against harm_ _waterPROOF_; _bombPROOF_. * 1671, John Milton, _Paradise Regained_, 1820, Dr Aiken (biographies), _Select Works of the British Poets_, page 125, And opportunity I here have had / To try thee, sift thee, and confess have found thee / PROOF against all temptation as a rock / Of adamant, and, as a centre, firm

proof (comparative more proof, superlative most proof)

  1. Used in proving or testing.
    a proof load; a proof charge
  2. Firm or successful in resisting.
    proof against harm
    waterproof; bombproof.
Dont le dans la catégorieENGLISH - VERB
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English - Verb

PROOF (_third-person singular simple present_ PROOFS, _present participle_ PROOFING, _simple past and past participle_ PROOFED) * (transitive, intransitive, colloquial) To proofread. * (transitive) To make resistant, especially to water. * (transitive, cooking) To allow to rise (of yeast-containing dough). * (transitive, cooking) To test the activeness of (yeast).

proof (third-person singular simple present proofs, present participle proofing, simple past and past participle proofed)

  1. (transitive, intransitive, colloquial) To proofread.
  2. (transitive) To make resistant, especially to water.
  3. (transitive, cooking) To allow to rise (of yeast-containing dough).
  4. (transitive, cooking) To test the activeness of (yeast).

Dont le dans la catégorieENGLISH - EXTERNAL LINKS
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English - External Links

* proof in _Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary_, G. & C. Merriam, 1913 * proof in _The Century Dictionary_, The Century Co., New York, 1911


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