English - Etymology
First attested in the mid 15th century. From Middle English, and from Anglo-Norman accusatif, from Middle French acusatif or from Latin accūsātīvus (“of accusing”), from accūsātus, perfect passive participle of accūsō. The Latin form was mistranslated from Ancient Greek αἰτιατική (aitiatikḗ) + πτῶσις (ptôsis, “case of that which was caused”) from αἰτία (aitía, “accusation or cause”). Akin to accuse.
English - Adjective
- Producing accusations; accusatory; accusatorial; in a manner that reflects a finding of fault or blame
- (grammar) Applied to the case (as the fourth case of Latin, Lithuanian and Greek nouns) which expresses the immediate object on which the action or influence of a transitive verb has its limited influence. Other parts of speech, including secondary or predicate direct objects, will also influence a sentence’s construction. In German the case used for direct objects.