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Que a categoria em ENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY 1
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English - Etymology 1

From Middle English _burden_, _birden_, _burthen_, _birthen_, _byrthen_, from Old English _byrden_, _byrþen_ (“burden, load, weight; charge, duty”), from Proto-Germanic _*burþinjō_ (“burden”), from Proto-Germanic _*burþį̄_ (“burden”), from Proto-Indo-European _*bʰer-_ (“to carry, bear”). Cognate with Scots _burthine_ (“burden”), Middle Low German _borden_ (“burden”), Middle High German _bürden_ (“burden, load”). Related to Old English _byrd_ (“burden”), German _Bürde_ (“burden, weight”), Danish _byrde_ (“burden”), Swedish _börde_ (“burden”), Icelandic _byrði_ (“burden”). ALTERNATIVE FORMS * burthen (archaic) PRONUNCIATION * (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈbɜːdn/ * (General American) IPA(key): /ˈbɝdn/ * Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)dən NOUN BURDEN (_plural_ BURDENS) * A heavy load. * 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet Chapter 4 There were four or five men in the vault already, and I could hear more coming down the passage, and guessed from their heavy footsteps that they were carrying BURDENS. * A responsibility, onus. * A cause of worry; that which is grievous, wearisome, or oppressive. * Jonathan Swift Deaf, giddy, helpless, left alone, / To all my friends a BURDEN grown. * The capacity of a vessel, or the weight of cargo that she will carry. _a ship of a hundred tons BURDEN_ * (mining) The tops or heads of stream-work which lie over the stream of tin. * (metalworking) The proportion of ore and flux to fuel, in the charge of a blast furnace. (Can we find and add a quotation of Raymond to this entry?) * A fixed quantity of certain commodities. _A BURDEN of gad steel is 120 pounds._ * (obsolete, rare) A birth. _That bore thee at a BURDEN two fair sons_ TRANSLATIONS VERB BURDEN (_third-person singular simple present_ BURDENS, _present participle_ BURDENING, _simple past and past participle_ BURDENED) * (transitive) To encumber with a burden (_in any of the noun senses of the word_). _to BURDEN a nation with taxes_ * Bible, 2 Corinthians viii. 13 I mean not that other men be eased, and ye BURDENED. * Shakespeare My BURDENED heart would break. * To impose, as a load or burden; to lay or place as a burden (something heavy or objectionable). * Coleridge It is absurd to BURDEN this act on Cromwell. TRANSLATIONS DERIVED TERMS * burdensome * beast of burden

From Middle English burden, birden, burthen, birthen, byrthen, from Old English byrden, byrþen (burden, load, weight; charge, duty), from Proto-Germanic *burþinjō (burden), from Proto-Germanic *burþį̄ (burden), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰer- (to carry, bear). Cognate with Scots burthine (burden), Middle Low German borden (burden), Middle High German bürden (burden, load). Related to Old English byrd (burden), German Bürde (burden, weight), Danish byrde (burden), Swedish börde (burden), Icelandic byrði (burden).

Alternative forms

Pronunciation

Noun

burden (plural burdens)

  1. A heavy load.
  2. A responsibility, onus.
  3. A cause of worry; that which is grievous, wearisome, or oppressive.
  4. The capacity of a vessel, or the weight of cargo that she will carry.
    a ship of a hundred tons burden
  5. (mining) The tops or heads of stream-work which lie over the stream of tin.
  6. (metalworking) The proportion of ore and flux to fuel, in the charge of a blast furnace.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Raymond to this entry?)
  7. A fixed quantity of certain commodities.
    A burden of gad steel is 120 pounds.
  8. (obsolete, rare) A birth.
    That bore thee at a burden two fair sons
Translations

Verb

burden (third-person singular simple present burdens, present participle burdening, simple past and past participle burdened)

  1. (transitive) To encumber with a burden (in any of the noun senses of the word).
    to burden a nation with taxes
  2. To impose, as a load or burden; to lay or place as a burden (something heavy or objectionable).
Translations
Derived terms

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY 2
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English - Etymology 2

From Old French _bordon_. See bourdon. NOUN BURDEN (_plural_ BURDENS) * (music) A phrase or theme that recurs at the end of each verse in a folk song or ballad. * 1610, _The Tempest_, by Shakespeare, act 1 scene 2 [...] Foot it featly here and there; / And, sweet sprites, the BURDEN bear. * 1846, E. A. Poe, _The Philosophy of Composition_ As commonly used, the refrain, or BURDEN, not only is limited to lyric verse, but depends for its impression upon the force of monotone - both in sound and thought. * The drone of a bagpipe. (Can we find and add a quotation of Ruddiman to this entry?) * (obsolete) Theme, core idea.

From Old French bordon. See bourdon.

Noun

burden (plural burdens)

  1. (music) A phrase or theme that recurs at the end of each verse in a folk song or ballad.
  2. The drone of a bagpipe.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Ruddiman to this entry?)
  3. (obsolete) Theme, core idea.

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - ANAGRAMS
Informações sobre o assunto

English - Anagrams

* bunder, burned, unbred


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