English - Etymology
From Middle English centurie (“a count of one hundred (of anything); a division of the Roman army; century; a division of land”), from Old French centurie, from Latin centuria, from centum (“one hundred”). The modern use is derived from a shortening of century of years.
English - Pronunciation
English - Noun
- A period of 100 consecutive years; often specifically a numbered period with conventional start and end dates, e.g., the twentieth century, which stretches from (strictly) 1901 through 2000, or (informally) 1900 through 1999. The first century AD was from 1 to 100; a yearhundred.
- A unit in ancient Roman army, originally of 100 army soldiers as part of a cohort, later of more varied sizes (but typically containing 60 to 70 or 80) soldiers or other men (guards, police, firemen), commanded by a centurion.
- A political division of ancient Rome, meeting in the Centuriate Assembly.
- (archaic) A hundred things; a hundred.
- (cricket) A hundred runs scored either by a single player in one innings, or by two players in a partnership.
- (cycling) A ride 100 kilometres in length.
- (US, informal) A banknote in the denomination of one hundred dollars.