English - Etymology
From Middle English, from Old French, from Medieval Latin clausa (“a clause”) (Latin diminutive clausula (“a clause, close of a period”)), from Latin clausus, past participle of claudere (“to shut, close”); see close.
English - Pronunciation
English - Noun
- (Can we clean up(+) this sense?) (grammar, informal) A group of two or more words which include a subject and any necessary predicate (the predicate also includes a verb, conjunction, or a preposition) to begin the clause; however, this clause is not considered a sentence for colloquial purposes.
(grammar) A verb along with its subject and their modifiers. If a clause provides a complete thought on its own, then it is
an independent (superordinate) clause; otherwise, it is
However, Coordination facts
seem to undermine this hasty conclusion: thus, consider the following:
(43) [Your sister could go to College], but [would she get a degree?]
The second (italicised) conjunct is a Clause containing an inverted Auxiliary, would. Given our earlier assumptions that inverted Auxiliaries are in C, and that C is a constituent of S-bar, it follows that the italicised Clause in (43) must be an S-bar. But our familiar constraint on Coordination tells us that only constituents belonging to the same Category can be conjoined. Since the second Clause in (43) is clearly an S-bar, then it follows that the first Clause must also be an S-bar — one in which the C(omplementiser) position has been left empty.
- However, Coordination facts seem to undermine this hasty conclusion: thus, consider the following:
- (law) A separate part of a contract, a will or another legal document.
In When it got dark, they went back into the house, “When it got dark” is a dependent clause within the complete sentence. The independent clause "they went back into the house" could stand alone as a sentence, whereas the dependent clause could not.