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Que a categoria em ENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY 1
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English - Etymology 1

From Middle English _closen_ (“to close, enclose”), partly continuing (in altered form) earlier Middle English _clusen_ ("to close"; from Old English _clȳsan_ (“to close, shut”); compare _beclose_, _forclose_, etc.); and partly derived from the Middle English adjective _clos_ (“close, shut up, confined, secret”), from Old French _clos_ (“close, confined”, adjective), from Latin _clausus_ (“shut up”, past participle), from _claudere_ (“to bar, block, close, enclose, bring an end to, confine”), from Proto-Indo-European _*klāw-_ (“key, hook, nail”), related to Latin _clāvis_ (“key, deadbolt, bar”), _clāvus_ (“nail, peg”), _claustrum_ (“bar, bolt, barrier”), _claustra_ (“dam, wall, barricade, stronghold”). Cognate with Ancient Greek _κλείς_ (kleís, “bar, bolt, key”), German _schließen_ (“to close, conclude, lock”), Dutch _sluiten_ (“to close, conclude, lock”). Replaced Old English _lūcan_ (“to close, lock, enclose”). PRONUNCIATION * (UK) enPR: klōz, IPA(key): /kləʊz/ * Rhymes: -əʊz * (US) enPR: klōz, IPA(key): /kloʊz/ * Homophone: clothes (syncopated pronunciation) * Rhymes: -oʊz VERB CLOSE (_third-person singular simple present_ CLOSES, _present participle_ CLOSING, _simple past and past participle_ CLOSED) * (physical) To remove a gap. * To obstruct (an opening). * To move so that an opening is closed. _CLOSE the door behind you when you leave._ _Jim was listening to headphones with his eyes CLOSED._ * Lord Byron (1788-1824) What deep wounds ever CLOSED without a scar? * 1977, Agatha Christie, _An Autobiography_, Part II, chapter2: If I CLOSE my eyes I can see Marie today as I saw her then. Round, rosy face, snub nose, dark hair piled up in a chignon. * To make (e.g. a gap) smaller. _The runner in second place is CLOSING the gap on the leader._ _to CLOSE the ranks of an army_ * To grapple; to engage in close combat. * William H. Prescott (1796-1859) They boldly CLOSED in a hand-to-hand contest. * (social) To finish, to terminate. * To put an end to; to conclude; to complete; to finish; to consummate. _CLOSE the session;   to CLOSE a bargain;   to CLOSE a course of instruction_ * John Dryden (1631-1700) One frugal supper did our studies CLOSE. * To come to an end. _The debate CLOSED at six o'clock._ * (marketing) To make a sale. * (baseball, pitching) To make the final outs, usually three, of a game. _He has CLOSED the last two games for his team._ * (figuratively, computing) To terminate an application, window, file or database connection, etc. * To come or gather around; to enclose; to encompass; to confine. * Bible, Jonah ii. 5 The depth CLOSED me round about. * George Herbert (1593-1633) But now Thou dost Thyself immure and CLOSE / In some one corner of a feeble heart; / Where yet both Sinne and Satan, Thy old foes, / Do pinch and straiten Thee, and use much art / To gain Thy thirds' and little part. * (surveying) To have a vector sum of 0; that is, to form a closed polygon. SYNONYMS * (obstruct (an opening)): close off, close up, cover, shut, shut off * (move (a door)): shut * (put an end to): end, finish, terminate, wind up, close down * (make (a gap) smaller): narrow * (terminate a computer program): close out, exit ANTONYMS * (obstruct (an opening)): open * (move (a door)): open * (put an end to): begin, commence, initiate, start * (make (a gap) smaller): extend, widen * (terminate a computer program): open, start DERIVED TERMS TRANSLATIONS NOUN CLOSE (_plural_ CLOSES) * An end or conclusion. _We owe them our thanks for bringing the project to a successful CLOSE._ * Macaulay His long and troubled life was drawing to a CLOSE. * The manner of shutting; the union of parts; junction. * Chapman

From Middle English closen (to close, enclose), partly continuing (in altered form) earlier Middle English clusen ("to close"; from Old English clȳsan (to close, shut); compare beclose, forclose, etc.); and partly derived from the Middle English adjective clos (close, shut up, confined, secret), from Old French clos (close, confined, adjective), from Latin clausus (shut up, past participle), from claudere (to bar, block, close, enclose, bring an end to, confine), from Proto-Indo-European *klāw- (key, hook, nail), related to Latin clāvis (key, deadbolt, bar), clāvus (nail, peg), claustrum (bar, bolt, barrier), claustra (dam, wall, barricade, stronghold). Cognate with Ancient Greek κλείς (kleís, bar, bolt, key), German schließen (to close, conclude, lock), Dutch sluiten (to close, conclude, lock). Replaced Old English lūcan (to close, lock, enclose).

Pronunciation

Verb

close (third-person singular simple present closes, present participle closing, simple past and past participle closed)

  1. (physical) To remove a gap.
    1. To obstruct (an opening).
    2. To move so that an opening is closed.
      Close the door behind you when you leave.
      Jim was listening to headphones with his eyes closed.
    3. To make (e.g. a gap) smaller.
      The runner in second place is closing the gap on the leader.
      to close the ranks of an army
    4. To grapple; to engage in close combat.
  2. (social) To finish, to terminate.
    1. To put an end to; to conclude; to complete; to finish; to consummate.
      close the session;   to close a bargain;   to close a course of instruction
    2. To come to an end.
      The debate closed at six o'clock.
    3. (marketing) To make a sale.
    4. (baseball, pitching) To make the final outs, usually three, of a game.
      He has closed the last two games for his team.
    5. (figuratively, computing) To terminate an application, window, file or database connection, etc.
  3. To come or gather around; to enclose; to encompass; to confine.
  4. (surveying) To have a vector sum of 0; that is, to form a closed polygon.
Synonyms
Antonyms
Derived terms
Translations

Noun

close (plural closes)

  1. An end or conclusion.
    We owe them our thanks for bringing the project to a successful close.
  2. The manner of shutting; the union of parts; junction.

English - Etymology 2

From French _clos_, from Latin _clausum_, participle of _claudo_. PRONUNCIATION * (UK) enPR: klōs, IPA(key): /kləʊs/ * Rhymes: -əʊs * (US) IPA(key): /kloʊs/ * Rhymes: -oʊs ADJECTIVE CLOSE (_comparative_ CLOSER, _superlative_ CLOSEST) * (now rare) Closed, shut. * 1526, William Tyndale, trans. _Bible_, Matthew chapter 8: There is nothinge so CLOSE, that shall not be openned, and nothinge so hyd that shall not be knowen. * Dryden From a CLOSE bower this dainty music flowed. * Narrow; confined. _a CLOSE alley; CLOSE quarters_ * Charles Dickens a CLOSE prison * At a little distance; near. _Is your house CLOSE?_ * Intimate; well-loved. _He is a CLOSE friend._ * (law) Of a corporation or other business entity, closely held. * Oppressive; without motion or ventilation; causing a feeling of lassitude. * Francis Bacon If the rooms be low-roofed, or full of windows and doors, the one maketh the air CLOSE, […] and the other maketh it exceeding unequal. * (Ireland, England, Scotland, weather) Hot, humid, with no wind. * (linguistics, phonetics, of a vowel) Articulated with the tongue body relatively close to the hard palate. * Strictly confined; carefully guarded. _a CLOSE prisoner_ * (obsolete) Out of the way of observation; secluded; secret; hidden. * Bible, 1 Chron. xii. 1 He yet kept himself CLOSE because of Saul. * Spenser her CLOSE intent * Nearly equal; almost evenly balanced. _a CLOSE contest_ * Short. _to cut grass or hair CLOSE_ * (archaic) Dense; solid; compact. * John Locke The golden globe being put into a press, […] the water made itself way through the pores of that very CLOSE metal. * (archaic) Concise; to the point. _CLOSE reasoning_ * Dryden Where the original is CLOSE no version can reach it in the same compass. * (dated) Difficult to obtain. _Money is CLOSE._ (Can we find and add a quotation of Bartlett to this entry?) * (dated) Parsimonious; stingy. * Hawthorne a crusty old fellow, as CLOSE as a vice * Adhering strictly to a standard or original; exact. _a CLOSE translation_ (Can we find and add a quotation of John Locke to this entry?) * Accurate; careful; precise; also, attentive; undeviating; strict. _The patient was kept under CLOSE observation._ SYNONYMS * (at a little distance): close by, near, nearby * (intimate): intimate * (hot, humid): muggy, oppressive * (articulated with the tongue body relatively close to the hard palate): high ANTONYMS * (at a little distance): distant, far, far away, far off, remote * (intimate): aloof, cool, distant * (articulated with the tongue body relatively close to the hard palate): open DERIVED TERMS TRANSLATIONS NOUN CLOSE (_plural_ CLOSES) * (now rare) An enclosed field. * (UK) A street that ends in a dead end. * (Scotland) A very narrow alley between two buildings, often overhung by one of the buildings above the ground floor. * (Scotland) The common staircase in a tenement. * A cathedral close. * Macaulay CLOSES surrounded by the venerable abodes of deans and canons. * (law) The interest which one may have in a piece of ground, even though it is not enclosed. (Can we find and add a quotation of Bouvier to this entry?) SYNONYMS * (street): cul-de-sac TRANSLATIONS

From French clos, from Latin clausum, participle of claudo.

Pronunciation

  • (UK) enPR: klōs, IPA(key): /kləʊs/
  • Rhymes: -əʊs
  • (US) IPA(key): /kloʊs/
  • Rhymes: -oʊs

Adjective

close (comparative closer, superlative closest)

  1. (now rare) Closed, shut.
  2. Narrow; confined.
    a close alley; close quarters
  3. At a little distance; near.
    Is your house close?
  4. Intimate; well-loved.
    He is a close friend.
    1. (law) Of a corporation or other business entity, closely held.
  5. Oppressive; without motion or ventilation; causing a feeling of lassitude.
  6. (Ireland, England, Scotland, weather) Hot, humid, with no wind.
  7. (linguistics, phonetics, of a vowel) Articulated with the tongue body relatively close to the hard palate.
  8. Strictly confined; carefully guarded.
    a close prisoner
  9. (obsolete) Out of the way of observation; secluded; secret; hidden.
  10. Nearly equal; almost evenly balanced.
    a close contest
  11. Short.
    to cut grass or hair close
  12. (archaic) Dense; solid; compact.
  13. (archaic) Concise; to the point.
    close reasoning
  14. (dated) Difficult to obtain.
    Money is close.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Bartlett to this entry?)
  15. (dated) Parsimonious; stingy.
  16. Adhering strictly to a standard or original; exact.
    a close translation
    (Can we find and add a quotation of John Locke to this entry?)
  17. Accurate; careful; precise; also, attentive; undeviating; strict.
    The patient was kept under close observation.
Synonyms
Antonyms
Derived terms
Translations

Noun

close (plural closes)

  1. (now rare) An enclosed field.
  2. (UK) A street that ends in a dead end.
  3. (Scotland) A very narrow alley between two buildings, often overhung by one of the buildings above the ground floor.
  4. (Scotland) The common staircase in a tenement.
  5. A cathedral close.
  6. (law) The interest which one may have in a piece of ground, even though it is not enclosed.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Bouvier to this entry?)
Synonyms
Translations

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - ANAGRAMS
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English - Anagrams

* coles, socle

Que a categoria em FRENCH - ADJECTIVE
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French - Adjective

CLOSE f * feminine form of _clos_

close f

  1. feminine form of clos

Que a categoria em FRENCH - VERB
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French - Verb

CLOSE * first-person singular present subjunctive of _clore_ * third-person singular present subjunctive of _clore_ * feminine form of the past participle of _clore_

close

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of clore
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of clore
  3. feminine form of the past participle of clore

Que a categoria em FRENCH - ANAGRAMS
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French - Anagrams

* socle


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