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Que a categoria em ENGLISH - ALTERNATIVE FORMS
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English - Alternative Forms

* epizoötic (pentasyllabic senses) * epizoodic (tetrasyllabic senses) * epizudic (tetrasyllabic senses)

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY
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English - Etymology

From French _épizootique_, animal equivalent of epidemic, from _épizootie_, irregularly formed from Ancient Greek _ἐπί_ (epí) + _ζῷον_ (zōîon, “animal”). _epi-_ +‎ _zo-_ +‎ _-otic_. Use of the word in the second sense, "an ailment", was likely originally a reference to a particular epizootic ailment. Both senses are attested since at least the 1800s, and the pronunciation with five syllables is explicitly attested since then as well. Dialectal pronunciation of the second sense with four syllables is attested since at least the 1910s in spellings like "epizudic" and is suggested by 1870s references to a shortened form of the word, "zooty".

From French épizootique, animal equivalent of epidemic, from épizootie, irregularly formed from Ancient Greek ἐπί (epí) + ζῷον (zōîon, animal). epi- +‎ zo- +‎ -otic. Use of the word in the second sense, "an ailment", was likely originally a reference to a particular epizootic ailment. Both senses are attested since at least the 1800s, and the pronunciation with five syllables is explicitly attested since then as well. Dialectal pronunciation of the second sense with four syllables is attested since at least the 1910s in spellings like "epizudic" and is suggested by 1870s references to a shortened form of the word, "zooty".

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - PRONUNCIATION
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English - Pronunciation

* IPA(key): /ɛpɪ.zəˈwɒtɪk/, /ɛpɪ.zoʊˈɒtɪk/ * (dialectal, especially in the sense ‘an ailment’) IPA(key): /ɛpɪˈzuːdɪk/

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - NOUN
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English - Noun

EPIZOOTIC (_plural_ EPIZOOTICS) * (epidemiology) An occurrence of a disease or disorder in a population of non-human animals at a frequency higher than that expected in a given time period. Compare _EPIDEMIC_. _At the same time as an epidemic of the flu broke out among the people, an EPIZOOTIC of the swine flu broke out among their pigs._ * A particular epizootic (epizootically-occurring) disease. * 1856, _On the epizootic lately affecting lambs_, in _The Veterinarian; or Monthly Journal of Veterinary Science for 1856_, volume XXIX-II, fourth series, edited by Morton and Simonds, page 450: A surgeon in the town has also informed me, that a person requested him to prescribe for some lambs affected with the EPIZOOTIC, and he gave them Epsom salts and opium, with, as he said, very good effect. * (dialectal, humorous, often in the plural) A disease or ailment. _Johnny's not doing so well today, I think he caught the EPIZOOTIC._ * 1873, _Jeramiah Juniur Blows His Bugle_, in _Gem of the West and Soliders' Friend_, seventh year, January 1873, page 378: Last fall, when Dad had the EPIZOOTIC; no, I don't mean that, tho I did think he had em, but when the Chicargar hosses got the EPIZOOTIC, Dad got all fired mad caus that xpressman didn't cum round to move the rest of our traps. * 1986, Geneva Bair Wilson, _As the Anvil Rings_, page 78: "My Laws, Minnie! She's got spots! I guess you've got the EPIZOOTICS." * 1977, _Dear Sammy: Letters from Getrude Stein and Alice Toklas_, edited by Samuel M. Steward, page 237: Never do I have colds — but I got the EPIZOOTICS(?) and sneezed my head off — twenty three times yesterday. * 1998, David Pietrusza, _Judge and Jury, the life and times of Judge Kenesaw Mountain Landis_, page 348: Then along comes somebody else who says you've got EPIZOOTIC and he can cure EPIZOOTIC and he doesn't have to cut out the epi. USAGE NOTES Used in the second sense to mean "an ailment", it is often preceded by the definite article ("the epizootic"), is often plural in form ("the epizootics"), and is sometimes written "(the) epizoodic".

epizootic (plural epizootics)

  1. (epidemiology) An occurrence of a disease or disorder in a population of non-human animals at a frequency higher than that expected in a given time period. Compare epidemic.
    At the same time as an epidemic of the flu broke out among the people, an epizootic of the swine flu broke out among their pigs.
  2. A particular epizootic (epizootically-occurring) disease.
  3. (dialectal, humorous, often in the plural) A disease or ailment.
    Johnny's not doing so well today, I think he caught the epizootic.

Usage notes

Used in the second sense to mean "an ailment", it is often preceded by the definite article ("the epizootic"), is often plural in form ("the epizootics"), and is sometimes written "(the) epizoodic".

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - ADJECTIVE
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English - Adjective

EPIZOOTIC (_comparative_ MORE EPIZOOTIC, _superlative_ MOST EPIZOOTIC) * (epidemiology) Like or having to do with an _epizootic_: epidemic among animals. _Epizootic plague occurred in the mice following introduction of rats from Europe._ * 1913, J. J. Desmond, _An enzootic of contagious abortion in cattle_, in the _American Journal of Veterinary Medicine_, September 1913, volume VIII, number 9, page 470: As much attention is being drawn to the subject of EPIZOOTIC abortion in bovines, [...] * 1914, Thomas Shaw, _Management and Feeding of Sheep_, page 398, These are known respectively as the hair lung worm and the thread lung worm. The former of these is probably the more widely diffused, but the latter is more EPIZOOTIC in flocks than the former. * 1919 March 19, author not named, _The Mud Larks_, in _Punch, or the London Charivari_, Volume 156, 2004 Gutenberg edition, I handed it back to him, explaining that he had come to the wrong shop--unless he were a horse, of course. If he were and could provide his own nosebag, head-stall and Army Form 1640, testifying that he was guiltless of mange, ophthalmia or EPIZOOTIC lymphangitis, I would do what I could for him. * 1933, _British Veterinary Journal_, Volume 89, page 74, The parasites important in Britain do, however, by themselves constitute a most serious source of loss to pig breeders — probably at least as serious as that caused by the various more spectacular but more EPIZOOTIC bacterial diseases. * (geology, rare) Containing fossils. * 1799, Richard Kirwan, _Geological Essays_, pages 160-161: Hence their primary division is into _primeval_ and _secondary_ or _Epizootic_. And the EPIZOOTIC mountains are still farther distinguishable into _original_ and _derivative_. DERIVED TERMS * epizootically ANTONYMS * enzootic

epizootic (comparative more epizootic, superlative most epizootic)

  1. (epidemiology) Like or having to do with an epizootic: epidemic among animals.
    Epizootic plague occurred in the mice following introduction of rats from Europe.
  2. (geology, rare) Containing fossils.

Derived terms

Antonyms

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - RELATED TERMS
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English - Related Terms

* pandemic * epidemic * endemic

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - REFERENCES
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English - References

* ↑ 1.0 1.1 1873, J. S. Boone, in an article in _The Medical and Surgical Reporter_, 5 April 1873, volume XXVIII, number 14, number 840, published in the compilation _The Medical and Surgical Reporter_, volume XXVIII, page 278: Large numbers of persons were affected with the disease at the same time. It was not an unfrequent occurrence, in interchanging the compliments of the day with a friend, to receive, in response to an inquiry regarding his health, a reply similar to the following: "I have got the EPIZOOTIC;" or, "I am about past going with the 'zooty;'" or, "The horse disease is going hard with me." * ^ 1913, _American Journal of Veterinary Medicine_, November 1913, volume VIII, number 11, page 621: In the sparsely settled districts of Kansas, [...] there was recently a slight epizootic of a catarrhal nature among the horses, which is popularly known as "epizootic." * ↑ 3.0 3.1 1876, William Cullen Bryant, in a letter to Leonice M. S. Moulton, written in New York on 18 April 1876, published in _The Letters of William Cullen Bryant_, volume 6, on page 301: "If I had not what Dr. Gray calls the Epizootic -- pronounce both _o_s -- I should have come out to Roslyn this week." * ↑ 4.0 4.1 1913, Paul Fischer, _Foot and Mouth Disease in Ohio_, published in the _Official bulletins_ of the Ohio Department of Agriculture, volumes 4-5, page 151: "The epizootic (pronounced ep-i-zo-ot-ic) of foot and mouth disease [...]"

  1. 1.0 1.1 1873, J. S. Boone, in an article in The Medical and Surgical Reporter, 5 April 1873, volume XXVIII, number 14, number 840, published in the compilation The Medical and Surgical Reporter, volume XXVIII, page 278: Large numbers of persons were affected with the disease at the same time. It was not an unfrequent occurrence, in interchanging the compliments of the day with a friend, to receive, in response to an inquiry regarding his health, a reply similar to the following: "I have got the epizootic;" or, "I am about past going with the 'zooty;'" or, "The horse disease is going hard with me."
  2. ^ 1913, American Journal of Veterinary Medicine, November 1913, volume VIII, number 11, page 621: In the sparsely settled districts of Kansas, [...] there was recently a slight epizootic of a catarrhal nature among the horses, which is popularly known as "epizootic."
  3. 3.0 3.1 1876, William Cullen Bryant, in a letter to Leonice M. S. Moulton, written in New York on 18 April 1876, published in The Letters of William Cullen Bryant, volume 6, on page 301: "If I had not what Dr. Gray calls the Epizootic -- pronounce both os -- I should have come out to Roslyn this week."
  4. 4.0 4.1 1913, Paul Fischer, Foot and Mouth Disease in Ohio, published in the Official bulletins of the Ohio Department of Agriculture, volumes 4-5, page 151: "The epizootic (pronounced ep-i-zo-ot-ic) of foot and mouth disease [...]"


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