English - Etymology
From Early Modern English familie (not in Middle English), from Latin familia (“the servants in a household, domestics collectively”), from famulus (“servant”)/famula (“female servant”), from Old Latin famul, of obscure origin. Perhaps derived from or cognate to Oscan famel (“servant”).
English - Pronunciation
- IPA(key): /ˈfæməli/, /ˈfæmli/
- Hyphenation: fa‧mi‧ly
English - Noun
(countable) A group of people who are closely related to one another (by blood or marriage); for example, a set of parents and their children; an immediate family.
1893, Walter Besant, The Ivory Gate, Prologue:
- Such a scandal as the prosecution of a brother for forgery—with a verdict of guilty—is a most truly horrible, deplorable, fatal thing. It takes the respectability out of a family perhaps at a critical moment, when the family is just assuming the robes of respectability: […] it is a black spot which all the soaps ever advertised could never wash off.
- 1893, Walter Besant, The Ivory Gate, Prologue:
- (countable) An extended family; a group of people who are related to one another by blood or marriage.
- (countable) A (close-knit) group of people related by blood, marriage, law, or custom, especially if they live or work together.
(countable, biology, taxonomy) A rank in the classification of organisms, below order and above genus; a taxon at that rank.
- 1992, Rudolf M. Schuster, The Hepaticae and Anthocerotae of North America: East of the Hundredth Meridian, volume V, page 4
- (countable) Any group or aggregation of things classed together as kindred or related from possessing in common characteristics which distinguish them from other things of the same order.
- (countable, music) A group of instruments having the same basic method of tone production.
- (countable, linguistics) A group of languages believed to have descended from the same ancestral language.
- Used attributively.
English - Adjective
- Suitable for children and adults.
- Conservative, traditional.
- (slang) Homosexual.
English - External Links
- family in Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary, G. & C. Merriam, 1913
- family in The Century Dictionary, The Century Co., New York, 1911
- family on Wikipedia.Wikipedia
- “family” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, v1.0.1, Lexico Publishing Group, 2006.
- “family” in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Online