English - Pronunciation
- IPA(key): /ˈɡɹaʊnd/
- Rhymes: -aʊnd
English - Etymology 1
From Old English grund, from Proto-Germanic *grunduz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰr̥mtu-. Cognate with West Frisian grûn, Dutch grond and German Grund. Non-Germanic cognates include Albanian grundë (“brittle earth”) and gryej (“to erode, crumble”).
- (uncountable) The surface of the Earth, as opposed to the sky or water or underground.
- 1977, Agatha Christie, An Autobiography, Part II, chapter4:
- (uncountable) Terrain.
- (uncountable) Soil, earth.
- (countable) The bottom of a body of water.
- Basis, foundation, groundwork, legwork.
- Background, context, framework, surroundings.
- The plain surface upon which the figures of an artistic composition are set.
- In sculpture, a flat surface upon which figures are raised in relief.
- In point lace, the net of small meshes upon which the embroidered pattern is applied.
- In etching, a gummy substance spread over the surface of a metal to be etched, to prevent the acid from eating except where an opening is made by the needle.
- (architecture, chiefly in the plural) One of the pieces of wood, flush with the plastering, to which mouldings etc. are attached.
- (countable) A soccer stadium.
- (electricity, Canada and US) An electrical conductor connected to the ground.
- (electricity, Canada and US) A level of electrical potential used as a zero reference.
- (countable, cricket) The area of grass on which a match is played (a cricket field); the entire arena in which it is played; the part of the field behind a batsman's popping crease where he can not be run out (hence to make one's ground).
- (music) A composition in which the bass, consisting of a few bars of independent notes, is continually repeated to a varying melody.
(music) The tune on which descants are raised; the plain song.
1592, William Shakespeare, The Life and Death of Richard III, act III, scene vii, in: The Works of Shakeſpear V (1726), page 149:
- Buck[ingham] The Mayor is here at hand; pretend ſome fear, // Be not you ſpoke with, but by mighty ſuit; // And look you get a prayer-book in your hand, // And ſtand between two churchmen, good my lord, // For on that ground I’ll build a holy deſcant: // And be not eaſily won to our requeſts: // Play the maid’s part, ſtill anſwer nay, and take it.
- 1592, William Shakespeare, The Life and Death of Richard III, act III, scene vii, in: The Works of Shakeſpear V (1726), page 149:
- The pit of a theatre.
- To connect (an electrical conductor or device) to a ground.
- (transitive) To punish, especially a child or teenager, by forcing him/her to stay at home and/or give up certain privileges.
English - Etymology 2
- Crushed, or reduced to small particles.
- Processed by grinding.