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Que a categoria em ENGLISH - PRONUNCIATION
Informações sobre o assunto

English - Pronunciation

* IPA(key): /ˈɡɹaʊnd/ * Rhymes: -aʊnd

  • IPA(key): /ˈɡɹaʊnd/
  • Rhymes: -aʊnd

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY 1
Informações sobre o assunto

English - Etymology 1

From Old English _grund_, from Proto-Germanic _*grunduz_, from Proto-Indo-European _*gʰr̥mtu-_. Cognate with West Frisian _grûn_, Dutch _grond_ and German _Grund_. Non-Germanic cognates include Albanian _grundë_ (“brittle earth”) and _gryej_ (“to erode, crumble”). ALTERNATIVE FORMS * GND (contraction used in electronics) NOUN GROUND (_countable and uncountable_, _plural_ GROUNDS) * ​(uncountable) The surface of the Earth, as opposed to the sky or water or underground. * 1977, Agatha Christie, _An Autobiography_, Part II, chapter4: Mind you, clothes were clothes in those days. […]  Frills, ruffles, flounces, lace, complicated seams and gores: not only did they sweep the GROUND and have to be held up in one hand elegantly as you walked along, but they had little capes or coats or feather boas. * (uncountable) Terrain. * (uncountable) Soil, earth. _The worm crawls through the GROUND._ * (countable) The bottom of a body of water. * Basis, foundation, groundwork, legwork. * Background, context, framework, surroundings. * The plain surface upon which the figures of an artistic composition are set. _crimson flowers on a white GROUND_ * In sculpture, a flat surface upon which figures are raised in relief. * In point lace, the net of small meshes upon which the embroidered pattern is applied. _Brussels GROUND_ * In etching, a gummy substance spread over the surface of a metal to be etched, to prevent the acid from eating except where an opening is made by the needle. * (architecture, chiefly in the plural) One of the pieces of wood, flush with the plastering, to which mouldings etc. are attached. _GROUNDS are usually put up first and the plastering floated flush with them._ * (countable) A soccer stadium. _Manchester United's GROUND is known as Old Trafford._ * (electricity, Canada and US) An electrical conductor connected to the ground. * (electricity, Canada and US) A level of electrical potential used as a zero reference. * (countable, cricket) The area of grass on which a match is played (a cricket field); the entire arena in which it is played; the part of the field behind a batsman's popping crease where he can not be run out (hence to _make one's ground_). * (music) A composition in which the bass, consisting of a few bars of independent notes, is continually repeated to a varying melody. * (music) The tune on which descants are raised; the plain song. * 1592, William Shakespeare, _The Life and Death of Richard III_, act III, scene vii, in: _The Works of Shakeſpear_ V (1726), page 149: _Buck_[_ingham_]   The Mayor is here at hand; pretend ſome fear, // Be not you ſpoke with, but by mighty ſuit; // And look you get a prayer-book in your hand, // And ſtand between two churchmen, good my lord, // For on that GROUND I’ll build a holy deſcant: // And be not eaſily won to our requeſts: // Play the maid’s part, ſtill anſwer nay, and take it. (Can we find and add a quotation of Moore (Encyc.) to this entry?) * The pit of a theatre. (Can we find and add a quotation of Ben Jonson to this entry?) SYNONYMS * (electricity) earth (British) DERIVED TERMS * Look at pages starting with ground. TRANSLATIONS SEE ALSO * floor * terra firma VERB GROUND (_third-person singular simple present_ GROUNDS, _present participle_ GROUNDING, _simple past and past participle_ GROUNDED) * To connect (an electrical conductor or device) to a ground. * (transitive) To punish, especially a child or teenager, by forcing him/her to stay at home and/or give up certain privileges. _If you don't clean your room, I'll be forced to GROUND you._ _Carla, you are GROUNDED until further notice for lying to us about where you were yesterday._

From Old English grund, from Proto-Germanic *grunduz, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰr̥mtu-. Cognate with West Frisian grûn, Dutch grond and German Grund. Non-Germanic cognates include Albanian grundë (brittle earth) and gryej (to erode, crumble).

Alternative forms

Noun

ground (countable and uncountable, plural grounds)

  1. (uncountable) The surface of the Earth, as opposed to the sky or water or underground.
  2. (uncountable) Terrain.
  3. (uncountable) Soil, earth.
    The worm crawls through the ground.
  4. (countable) The bottom of a body of water.
  5. Basis, foundation, groundwork, legwork.
  6. Background, context, framework, surroundings.
  7. The plain surface upon which the figures of an artistic composition are set.
    crimson flowers on a white ground
  8. In sculpture, a flat surface upon which figures are raised in relief.
  9. In point lace, the net of small meshes upon which the embroidered pattern is applied.
    Brussels ground
  10. In etching, a gummy substance spread over the surface of a metal to be etched, to prevent the acid from eating except where an opening is made by the needle.
  11. (architecture, chiefly in the plural) One of the pieces of wood, flush with the plastering, to which mouldings etc. are attached.
    Grounds are usually put up first and the plastering floated flush with them.
  12. (countable) A soccer stadium.
    Manchester United's ground is known as Old Trafford.
  13. (electricity, Canada and US) An electrical conductor connected to the ground.
  14. (electricity, Canada and US) A level of electrical potential used as a zero reference.
  15. (countable, cricket) The area of grass on which a match is played (a cricket field); the entire arena in which it is played; the part of the field behind a batsman's popping crease where he can not be run out (hence to make one's ground).
  16. (music) A composition in which the bass, consisting of a few bars of independent notes, is continually repeated to a varying melody.
  17. (music) The tune on which descants are raised; the plain song.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Moore (Encyc.) to this entry?)
  18. The pit of a theatre.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Ben Jonson to this entry?)
Synonyms
Derived terms
Translations
See also

Verb

ground (third-person singular simple present grounds, present participle grounding, simple past and past participle grounded)

  1. To connect (an electrical conductor or device) to a ground.
  2. (transitive) To punish, especially a child or teenager, by forcing him/her to stay at home and/or give up certain privileges.
    If you don't clean your room, I'll be forced to ground you.
    Carla, you are grounded until further notice for lying to us about where you were yesterday.

English - Etymology 2

* inflected form of _grind_ See also milled. VERB GROUND * simple past tense and past participle of _grind_ _I GROUND the coffee up nicely._ ADJECTIVE GROUND (_not comparable_) * Crushed, or reduced to small particles. _ground mustard seed_ * Processed by grinding. _lenses of ground glass_ SYNONYMS * milled TRANSLATIONS DERIVED TERMS * ground beef * ground pepper * stone-ground

Verb

ground

  1. simple past tense and past participle of grind
    I ground the coffee up nicely.

Adjective

ground (not comparable)

  1. Crushed, or reduced to small particles.
    ground mustard seed
  2. Processed by grinding.
    lenses of ground glass
Synonyms
Translations

Derived terms


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