English - Etymology
From Middle English muche (“much, great”), apocopated variant of muchel (“much, great”), from Old English myċel, miċel, micel (“large, great, much”), from Proto-Germanic *mikilaz (“great, many, much”), from Proto-Indo-European *meǵa- (“big, stour, great”), *meǵh₂-. See also mickle, muckle.
English - Pronunciation
- IPA(key): /mʌtʃ/
- Rhymes: -ʌtʃ
English - Determiner
(obsolete) Large, great. [12th-16thc.]
1485, Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book XX, chapter iiij:
- Thenne launcelot vnbarred the dore / and with his lyfte hand he held it open a lytel / so that but one man myghte come in attones / and soo there came strydyng a good knyghte a moche man and large / and his name was Colgreuaunce / of Gore / and he with a swerd strake at syr launcelot myȝtely and he put asyde the stroke
- 1485, Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book XX, chapter iiij:
A large amount of. [from 13thc.]
- 1816, Jane Austen, Persuasion:
- 2011, "Wisconsin and wider", The Economist, 24 February:
(now archaic or nonstandard) A great number of; many (people). [from 13thc.]
- 1485, Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book XX, chapter x:
- 1526, Bible, tr. William Tyndale, Matthew VI:
- 1897, Bram Stoker, Dracula:
- (now Caribbean, African-American) Many ( + plural countable noun). [from 13thc.]
- Much is now generally used with uncountable nouns. The equivalent used with countable nouns is many. In positive contexts, much is widely avoided: I have a lot of money instead of I have much money. There are some exceptions to this, however: I have much hope for the future.
- Unlike many determiners, much is frequently modified by intensifying adverbs, as in “too much”, “very much”, “so much”, “not much”, and so on. (The same is true of many.)
English - Adverb
To a great extent.
- I don't like fish much.
- He is much fatter than I remember him.
- He left her, much to the satisfaction of her other suitor.
- 1909, Archibald Marshall, The Squire's Daughter, chapterI:
- Often; frequently.
- As a verb modifier in positive contexts, much must be modified by another adverb: I like fish very much, I like fish so much, etc. but not *I like fish much.
- As a comparative intensifier, many can be used instead of much if it modifies the comparative form of many, i.e. more with a countable noun: many more people but much more snow.
- (to a great extent): (informal) a great deal, (informal) a lot, greatly, highly, (informal) loads, plenty (slang, especially US), very much
English - Pronoun
English - Anagrams
Polish - Pronunciation
- IPA(key): /mux/