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Que a categoria em ENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY
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English - Etymology

From Middle English _playen_, _pleyen_, _pleȝen_, _plæien_, also Middle English _plaȝen_, _plawen_ (> English _plaw_), from Old English _pleġan_, _pleoġan_, _plæġan_, and Old English _pleġian_, _pleaġian_, _plagian_ (“to play, move about sportively, frolic, dance; move rapidly; divert or amuse oneself, occupy or busy oneself; play a game, sport with, exercise, exercise one’s self in any way for the sake of amusement; play with; play with a person, toy; strive after; play on an instrument; contend, fight; clap the hands, applaud; make sport of, mock; cohabit (with)”), from Proto-Germanic _*pleganą_, _*plehaną_ (“to care about, be concerned with”) and Proto-Germanic _*plegōną_ (“to engage, move”); both perhaps from Proto-Indo-European _*blek-_ (“to move, move about”), from Proto-Indo-European _*bal-_ (compare Ancient Greek _βλύω_ (blúō), _βλύζω_ (blúzō, “I gush out, spring”), Sanskrit _बल्बलीति_ (balbalīti, “it whirls, twirls”)). Cognate with Scots _play_ (“to act or move briskly, cause to move, stir”), Saterland Frisian _plegia_ (“to look after, care for, maintain”), West Frisian _pleegje_, _pliigje_ (“to commit, perform, bedrive”), Middle Dutch _pleyen_ ("to dance, leap for joy, rejoice, be glad"; > Modern Dutch _pleien_ (“to play a particular children's game”)), Dutch _plegen_ (“to commit, bedrive, practice”), German _pflegen_ (“to care for, be concerned with, attend to, tend”), Danish _pleie_ (“to tend to, nurse”), Swedish _pläga_ (“to be wont to, be accustomed to”). Related also to Old English _plēon_ (“to risk, endanger”). More at plight, pledge. The noun is from Middle English _pleye_, from Old English _plæġ_, _pleġa_, _plæġa_ (“play, quick motion, movement, exercise; (athletic) sport, game; festivity, drama; battle; gear for games, an implement for a game; clapping with the hands, applause”), deverbative of _pleġian_ (“to play”); see above.

From Middle English playen, pleyen, pleȝen, plæien, also Middle English plaȝen, plawen (> English plaw), from Old English pleġan, pleoġan, plæġan, and Old English pleġian, pleaġian, plagian (to play, move about sportively, frolic, dance; move rapidly; divert or amuse oneself, occupy or busy oneself; play a game, sport with, exercise, exercise one’s self in any way for the sake of amusement; play with; play with a person, toy; strive after; play on an instrument; contend, fight; clap the hands, applaud; make sport of, mock; cohabit (with)), from Proto-Germanic *pleganą, *plehaną (to care about, be concerned with) and Proto-Germanic *plegōną (to engage, move); both perhaps from Proto-Indo-European *blek- (to move, move about), from Proto-Indo-European *bal- (compare Ancient Greek βλύω (blúō), βλύζω (blúzō, I gush out, spring), Sanskrit बल्बलीति (balbalīti, it whirls, twirls)). Cognate with Scots play (to act or move briskly, cause to move, stir), Saterland Frisian plegia (to look after, care for, maintain), West Frisian pleegje, pliigje (to commit, perform, bedrive), Middle Dutch pleyen ("to dance, leap for joy, rejoice, be glad"; > Modern Dutch pleien (to play a particular children's game)), Dutch plegen (to commit, bedrive, practice), German pflegen (to care for, be concerned with, attend to, tend), Danish pleie (to tend to, nurse), Swedish pläga (to be wont to, be accustomed to). Related also to Old English plēon (to risk, endanger). More at plight, pledge.

The noun is from Middle English pleye, from Old English plæġ, pleġa, plæġa (play, quick motion, movement, exercise; (athletic) sport, game; festivity, drama; battle; gear for games, an implement for a game; clapping with the hands, applause), deverbative of pleġian (to play); see above.

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - PRONUNCIATION
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English - Pronunciation

* enPR: plā, IPA(key): /pleɪ/ * Rhymes: -eɪ

  • enPR: plā, IPA(key): /pleɪ/
  • Rhymes: -eɪ

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - VERB
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English - Verb

PLAY (_third-person singular simple present_ PLAYS, _present participle_ PLAYING, _simple past and past participle_ PLAYED) * (intransitive) To act in a manner such that one has fun; to engage in activities expressly for the purpose of recreation or entertainment. _They PLAYED long and hard._ * 2001, Annabelle Sabloff, _Reordering the Natural World_, Univ. of Toronto Press, p.83: A youngster […] listed some of the things his pet did not do: […] go on vacation, PLAY in the same way that he did with his friends, and so on. * 2003, Anne-Nelly Perret-Clermont et al. (eds.), _Joining Society: Social Interaction and Learning in Adolescence and Youth_, Cambridge Univ. Press, p.52: We had to play for an hour, so that meant that we didn't have time to PLAY and joke around. * (ergative) To perform in (a sport); to participate in (a game). _He PLAYS on three teams.  Who's PLAYING now?  PLAY football;  PLAY sports;  PLAY games_ * (transitive) To compete against, in a game. * (intransitive) To take part in amorous activity; to make love, fornicate; to have sex. * 1590, Edmund Spenser, _The Faerie Queene_, II.iv: Her proper face / I not descerned in that darkesome shade, / But weend it was my loue, with whom he PLAYD. * (transitive) To act as the indicated role, especially in a performance. _He PLAYS the King, and she's the Queen.  No part of the brain PLAYS the role of permanent memory._ * (heading, transitive, intransitive) _To produce music or theatre._ * (intransitive, of a music) To produce music. * 2007, Dan Erlewine, _Guitar Player Repair Guide_ (ISBN 0879309210), page 220: If your guitar PLAYS well on fretted strings but annoys you on the open ones, the nut's probably worn out. * (intransitive, chiefly of a person) To produce music using a musical instrument. _I've practiced the piano off and on, and I still can't PLAY very well._ * (transitive, chiefly of a person) To produce music (or a specified song or musical style) using (a specified musical instrument). _I'll PLAY the piano and you sing.  Can you PLAY an instrument?  We especially like to PLAY jazz together.  PLAY a song for me.  Do you know how to PLAY Für Elise?  My son thinks he can PLAY music._ * (transitive, ergative) To use a device to watch or listen to the indicated recording. _You can PLAY the DVD now._ * (intransitive, of a theatrical performance) To be performed; (or of a film) to be shown. _His latest film is PLAYING in the local theatre tomorrow._ * (transitive, of a theatrical company or band, etc.) To perform in or at; to give performances in or at. * 2008, _My Life: From Normandy to Hockeytown_ (ISBN 0966412087), p.30: I got a hold of Louis (Satchmo) Armstrong's agent and I explained to him on the phone that, "I know you're PLAYING London on Wednesday night. Why don't you come and PLAY the Arena in Windsor on Saturday night?" * (transitive) To act or perform (a play). _to PLAY a comedy_ * (heading) _To behave in a particular way._ * (copulative) Contrary to fact, to give an appearance of being. * (Can we date this quote?) Sir Walter Scott (1771-1832) Thou canst PLAY the rational if thou wilt. * 1985, Sharon S. Brehm, _Intimate Relationships_: PLAYING hard to get is not the same as slamming the door in someone's face. * 1996, Michael P. Malone, _James J Hill: Empire Builder of the Northwest_: Now, surveying his final link, he had the nice advantage of being able to PLAY coy with established port cities that desperately wanted his proven railroad. * 2003, John U. Ogbu, _Black American Students in an Affluent Suburb: A Study of Academic Disengagement_, p.194: Instead,

play (third-person singular simple present plays, present participle playing, simple past and past participle played)

  1. (intransitive) To act in a manner such that one has fun; to engage in activities expressly for the purpose of recreation or entertainment.
    They played long and hard.
  2. (ergative) To perform in (a sport); to participate in (a game).
    He plays on three teams.  Who's playing now?play football;  play sports;play games
    1. (transitive) To compete against, in a game.
  3. (intransitive) To take part in amorous activity; to make love, fornicate; to have sex.
  4. (transitive) To act as the indicated role, especially in a performance.
    He plays the King, and she's the Queen.  No part of the brain plays the role of permanent memory.
  5. (heading, transitive, intransitive) To produce music or theatre.
    1. (intransitive, of a music) To produce music.
    2. (intransitive, chiefly of a person) To produce music using a musical instrument.
      I've practiced the piano off and on, and I still can't play very well.
    3. (transitive, chiefly of a person) To produce music (or a specified song or musical style) using (a specified musical instrument).
      I'll play the piano and you sing.  Can you play an instrument?We especially like to play jazz together.Play a song for me.Do you know how to play Für Elise?My son thinks he can play music.
    4. (transitive, ergative) To use a device to watch or listen to the indicated recording.
      You can play the DVD now.
    5. (intransitive, of a theatrical performance) To be performed; (or of a film) to be shown.
      His latest film is playing in the local theatre tomorrow.
    6. (transitive, of a theatrical company or band, etc.) To perform in or at; to give performances in or at.
    7. (transitive) To act or perform (a play).
      to play a comedy
  6. (heading) To behave in a particular way.
    1. (copulative) Contrary to fact, to give an appearance of being.

English - Noun

PLAY (_countable and uncountable_, _plural_ PLAYS) * (uncountable, formerly countable) Activity for amusement only, especially among the young. * Jane Austen, _Northanger Abbey_ She was fond of all boys' PLAYS, and greatly preferred cricket […] to dolls […] * (uncountable) Similar activity, in young animals, as they explore their environment and learn new skills. * (uncountable, ethology) "Repeated, incompletely functional behavior differing from more serious versions ..., and initiated voluntarily when ... in a low-stress setting." * The conduct, or course of a game. * (countable) An individual's performance in a sport or game. * (countable) (_turn-based games_) An action carried out when it is one's turn to play. * (countable) A literary composition, intended to be represented by actors impersonating the characters and speaking the dialogue. * (countable) A theatrical performance featuring actors. _We saw a two-act PLAY in the theatre._ * (countable) A major move by a business. * (countable) A geological formation that contains an accumulation or prospect of hydrocarbons or other resources. * (uncountable) The extent to which a part of a mechanism can move freely. _No wonder the fanbelt is slipping: there’s too much PLAY in it._ _Too much PLAY in a steering wheel may be dangerous._ * (uncountable, informal) Sexual role-playing. * 1996, Sabrina P Ramet, _Gender reversals and gender cultures_ The rarity of male domination in fantasy PLAY is readily explained. * 1996, "toptigger", (on Internet newsgroup _alt.personals.spanking.punishment_) Palm Springs M seeks sane F 4 safe bdsm PLAY * 2013, Rachel Kramer Bussel, _Best Bondage Erotica 2014_ There were none of the usual restrictions on public nudity or sexual interaction in the club environment. Still, the night was young, and as he'd made his way to the bar to order Mistress Ramona a gin and tonic, he'd seen little in the way of PLAY. * 2014, Jiri T. Servant, _Facts About Bondage - Bondage Guide For Beginners_ This type of PLAY allows some people to relax and enjoy being given pleasure without having to think about giving pleasure back at the same time. * (countable) A button that, when pressed, causes media to be played. SYNONYMS * (literary composition): drama * See also Wikisaurus:drama TRANSLATIONS DERIVED TERMS

play (countable and uncountable, plural plays)

  1. (uncountable, formerly countable) Activity for amusement only, especially among the young.
  2. (uncountable) Similar activity, in young animals, as they explore their environment and learn new skills.
  3. (uncountable, ethology) "Repeated, incompletely functional behavior differing from more serious versions ..., and initiated voluntarily when ... in a low-stress setting."
  4. The conduct, or course of a game.
  5. (countable) An individual's performance in a sport or game.
  6. (countable) (turn-based games) An action carried out when it is one's turn to play.
  7. (countable) A literary composition, intended to be represented by actors impersonating the characters and speaking the dialogue.
  8. (countable) A theatrical performance featuring actors.
    We saw a two-act play in the theatre.
  9. (countable) A major move by a business.
  10. (countable) A geological formation that contains an accumulation or prospect of hydrocarbons or other resources.
  11. (uncountable) The extent to which a part of a mechanism can move freely.
    No wonder the fanbelt is slipping: there’s too much play in it.
    Too much play in a steering wheel may be dangerous.
  12. (uncountable, informal) Sexual role-playing.
  13. (countable) A button that, when pressed, causes media to be played.

Synonyms

Translations

Derived terms

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - SEE ALSO
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English - See Also

Wikipedia * outdoor

Wikipedia

Que a categoria em ITALIAN - ETYMOLOGY
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Italian - Etymology

English

English

Que a categoria em ITALIAN - NOUN
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Italian - Noun

PLAY m (_invariable_) * play (theatrical performance; start key)

play m (invariable)

  1. play (theatrical performance; start key)

Que a categoria em ITALIAN - INTERJECTION
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Italian - Interjection

PLAY! * used to start a game of Tennis

play!

  1. used to start a game of Tennis


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