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Que a categoria em ENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY
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English - Etymology

From Latin _prior_, comparative of Old Latin _*pri_ (“before”), from Proto-Indo-European _*per-_ (“beyond”), _*pro_ (“before”). Parallel to English _former_, as comparative form from same Proto-Indo-European root, whence also _fore_ (thence _before_).

From Latin prior, comparative of Old Latin *pri (before), from Proto-Indo-European *per- (beyond), *pro (before). Parallel to English former, as comparative form from same Proto-Indo-European root, whence also fore (thence before).

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - PRONUNCIATION
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English - Pronunciation

* Rhymes: -aɪə(r)

  • Rhymes: -aɪə(r)

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - ADJECTIVE
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English - Adjective

PRIOR (_not comparable_) * Of that which comes before, in advance. _I had no PRIOR knowledge you were coming._ * former, previous _His PRIOR residence was smaller than his current one._ USAGE NOTES The etymological antonym is _ulterior_ (from Latin) (compare _primate_/_ultimate_ for “first/last”). This is now no longer used, however, and there is no corresponding antonym. Typically either _subsequent_ or _posterior_ are used, but these form different pairs – _precedent_/_subsequent_ and _anterior_/_posterior_ – and are more formal than PRIOR. When an opposing pair is needed, these can be used, or other pairs such as _former_/_latter_ or _previous_/_next_. SYNONYMS * See also Wikisaurus:former DERIVED TERMS * prior to TRANSLATIONS

prior (not comparable)

  1. Of that which comes before, in advance.
    I had no prior knowledge you were coming.
  2. former, previous
    His prior residence was smaller than his current one.

Usage notes

The etymological antonym is ulterior (from Latin) (compare primate/ultimate for “first/last”). This is now no longer used, however, and there is no corresponding antonym. Typically either subsequent or posterior are used, but these form different pairsprecedent/subsequent and anterior/posteriorand are more formal than prior. When an opposing pair is needed, these can be used, or other pairs such as former/latter or previous/next.

Synonyms

Derived terms

Translations

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - ADVERB
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English - Adverb

PRIOR (_comparative_ MORE PRIOR, _superlative_ MOST PRIOR) * (colloquial) Previously. _The doctor had known three months PRIOR._ TRANSLATIONS

prior (comparative more prior, superlative most prior)

  1. (colloquial) Previously.
    The doctor had known three months prior.

Translations

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - NOUN
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English - Noun

Wikipedia PRIOR (_plural_ PRIORS) * A high-ranking member of a monastery, usually lower in rank than an abbot. * (US slang) A previous arrest or criminal conviction on someone's record. [from 19th c.] * 1939, Raymond Chandler, _The Big Sleep_, Penguin 2011, p. 53: ‘And a little later we get the routine report on his prints from Washington, and he's got a PRIOR back in Indiana, attempted hold-up six years ago.’ * (statistics) In Bayesian inference, a prior probability distribution. [from 20th c.] TRANSLATIONS

Wikipedia

prior (plural priors)

  1. A high-ranking member of a monastery, usually lower in rank than an abbot.
  2. (US slang) A previous arrest or criminal conviction on someone's record. [from 19th c.]
  3. (statistics) In Bayesian inference, a prior probability distribution. [from 20th c.]

Translations

Que a categoria em LATIN - ETYMOLOGY
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Latin - Etymology

Comparative of Old Latin _*pri_ (“before”), from Proto-Indo-European _*per-_ (“beyond”), _*pro_ (“before”).

Comparative of Old Latin *pri (before), from Proto-Indo-European *per- (beyond), *pro (before).

Que a categoria em LATIN - ADJECTIVE
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Latin - Adjective

PRIOR _comparative, m./f. sing., third declension_ (_superlative_: PRĪMUS) * former, prior * previous, original, first * in front * (figuratively) better, superior * (substantive, Medieval Latin) abbot, prior USAGE NOTES * This adjective has no positive form; rather, it serves as the comparative (_prior_) and superlative (_prīmus_) of the preposition _prae_. (Compare the preposition _post_, with comparative _posterior_ and superlative _postremus_). INFLECTION * Third declension, comparative variant. RELATED TERMS * prīmus * priōrēs DESCENDANTS * English: prior * Italian: priore * Romanian: prior * Spanish: prior

prior comparative, m./f. sing., third declension (superlative: prīmus)

  1. former, prior
  2. previous, original, first
  3. in front
  4. (figuratively) better, superior
  5. (substantive, Medieval Latin) abbot, prior

Usage notes

Inflection

Related terms

  • prīmus
  • priōrēs

Descendants


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