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Que a categoria em ENGLISH - PRONUNCIATION
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English - Pronunciation

* enPR: ro͞ot, IPA(key): /ɹuːt/ * (Midwestern US) IPA(key): /ɹʊt/ * Rhymes: -uːt * Homophone: route (Northern US, Eastern US, Commonwealth, Canada)

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY 1
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English - Etymology 1

From Middle English _root_ (“the underground part of a plant”), from late Old English _rōt_, from Old Norse _rót_ (Icelandic _rót_), from Proto-Germanic _*wrōts_, from Proto-Indo-European _*wréh₂ds_ (“root”); cognate with _wort_ and _radix_. NOUN ROOT (_plural_ ROOTS) * The part of a plant, generally underground, that absorbs water and nutrients. _This tree's ROOTS can go as deep as twenty metres underground._ * A root vegetable. * 1945, George Orwell, _Animal Farm_, chapter 6 […] two fields which should have been sown with ROOTS in the early summer were not sown because the ploughing had not been completed early enough. * The part of a tooth extending into the bone holding the tooth in place. _ROOT damage is a common problem of overbrushing._ * The part of a hair under the skin that holds the hair in place. _The ROOT is the only part of the hair that is alive._ * The part of a hair near the skin that has not been dyed, permed, or otherwise treated. _He dyed his hair black last month, so the grey ROOTS can be seen._ * The primary source; origin. _The love of money is the ROOT of all evil._ * John Locke They were the ROOTS out of which sprang two distinct people. * (arithmetic) Of a number or expression, a number which, when raised to a specified power, yields the specified number or expression. _The cube ROOT of 27 is 3._ * (arithmetic) A square root (understood if no power is specified; in which case, “the root of” is often abbreviated to “root”). _Multiply by ROOT 2._ * (analysis) A zero (of a function). * (graph theory, computing) The single node of a tree that has no parent. * (linguistics) The primary lexical unit of a word, which carries the most significant aspects of semantic content and cannot be reduced into smaller constituents. Inflectional stems often derive from roots. * (philology) A word from which another word or words are derived. * (music) The fundamental tone of any chord; the tone from whose harmonics, or overtones, a chord is composed. (Can we find and add a quotation of Busby to this entry?) * The lowest place, position, or part. * Milton deep to the ROOTS of hell * Southey the ROOTS of the mountains * (computing) In UNIX terminology, the first user account with complete access to the operating system and its configuration, found at the root of the directory structure. * (computing) The person who manages accounts on a UNIX system. * (computing) The highest directory of a directory structure which may contain both files and subdirectories. SYNONYMS * (source): basis, origin, source * (zero of a function): zero * (word from which another is derived): etymon * (Unix or Unix-like computer operating system administrator and/or account): superuser (See Wikipedia: Superuser), root account, root user ANTONYMS * (zero of a function): pole HOLONYMS * (zero of a function): kernel DERIVED TERMS TRANSLATIONS VERB ROOT (_third-person singular simple present_ ROOTS, _present participle_ ROOTING, _simple past and past participle_ ROOTED) * (computing, slang, transitive) To break into a computer system and obtain ROOT access. _We ROOTED his box and planted a virus on it._ * To fix the root; to enter the earth, as roots; to take root and begin to grow. * Mortimer In deep grounds the weeds ROOT deeper. * To be firmly fixed; to be established. * Bishop Fell If any irregularity chanced to intervene and to cause misapprehensions, he gave them not leave to ROOT and fasten by concealment. SEE ALSO * (linguistics): stem

From Middle English root (the underground part of a plant), from late Old English rōt, from Old Norse rót (Icelandic rót), from Proto-Germanic *wrōts, from Proto-Indo-European *wréh₂ds (root); cognate with wort and radix.

Noun

root (plural roots)

  1. The part of a plant, generally underground, that absorbs water and nutrients.
    This tree's roots can go as deep as twenty metres underground.
  2. A root vegetable.
  3. The part of a tooth extending into the bone holding the tooth in place.
    Root damage is a common problem of overbrushing.
  4. The part of a hair under the skin that holds the hair in place.
    The root is the only part of the hair that is alive.
  5. The part of a hair near the skin that has not been dyed, permed, or otherwise treated.
    He dyed his hair black last month, so the grey roots can be seen.
  6. The primary source; origin.
    The love of money is the root of all evil.
  7. (arithmetic) Of a number or expression, a number which, when raised to a specified power, yields the specified number or expression.
    The cube root of 27 is 3.
  8. (arithmetic) A square root (understood if no power is specified; in which case, “the root of” is often abbreviated to “root”).
    Multiply by root 2.
  9. (analysis) A zero (of a function).
  10. (graph theory, computing) The single node of a tree that has no parent.
  11. (linguistics) The primary lexical unit of a word, which carries the most significant aspects of semantic content and cannot be reduced into smaller constituents. Inflectional stems often derive from roots.
  12. (philology) A word from which another word or words are derived.
  13. (music) The fundamental tone of any chord; the tone from whose harmonics, or overtones, a chord is composed.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Busby to this entry?)
  14. The lowest place, position, or part.
  15. (computing) In UNIX terminology, the first user account with complete access to the operating system and its configuration, found at the root of the directory structure.
  16. (computing) The person who manages accounts on a UNIX system.
  17. (computing) The highest directory of a directory structure which may contain both files and subdirectories.
Synonyms
Antonyms
Holonyms
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

root (third-person singular simple present roots, present participle rooting, simple past and past participle rooted)

  1. (computing, slang, transitive) To break into a computer system and obtain root access.
    We rooted his box and planted a virus on it.
  2. To fix the root; to enter the earth, as roots; to take root and begin to grow.
  3. To be firmly fixed; to be established.

See also

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY 2
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English - Etymology 2

From Middle English _wrōten_ (“to dig with the snout”), from Old English _wrōtan_, from Proto-Germanic _*wrōtaną_ (“to dig out, to root”), from Proto-Indo-European _*red-_ (“to scrape, to scratch, to gnaw”). Cognate with _rodent_. Cognate with Dutch _wroeten_. VERB ROOT (_third-person singular simple present_ ROOTS, _present participle_ ROOTING, _simple past and past participle_ ROOTED) * (transitive) To turn up or dig with the snout. _A pig ROOTS the earth for truffles._ * (by extension) To seek favour or advancement by low arts or grovelling servility; to fawn. * (intransitive) To rummage, to search as if by digging in soil. _ROOTING about in a junk-filled drawer_ * (transitive) To root out; to abolish. * Shakespeare I will go ROOT away the noisome weeds. * Bible, Deuteronomy xxix. 28 The Lord ROOTED them out of their land […] and cast them into another land. * (Australia, New Zealand, vulgar, slang) To have sexual intercourse. USAGE NOTES * The Australian/New Zealand sexual sense is somewhat milder than _fuck_ but still quite coarse, certainly not for polite conversation. The sexual sense will often be understood, unless care is taken with the context to make the rummage sense clear, or 'root through' or 'root around' is used. The past participle _rooted_ is equivalent to _fucked_ in the figurative sense of broken or tired, but _rooting_ is only the direct verbal sense, not an all-purpose intensive like _fucking_. SYNONYMS * (rummage): dig out, root out, rummage * (have sexual intercourse): screw, bang, drill (US), shag (British) - See also Wikisaurus:sexual intercourse DERIVED TERMS TRANSLATIONS NOUN ROOT (_plural_ ROOTS) * (Australia, New Zealand, vulgar, slang) An act of sexual intercourse. _Fancy a ROOT?_ * (Australia, New Zealand, vulgar, slang) A sexual partner. USAGE NOTES * The Australian/New Zealand sexual sense of _root_ is somewhat milder than _fuck_ but still quite coarse, certainly not for polite conversation. The normal usage is _to have a root_ or similar. SYNONYMS * (act of sexual intercourse): screw (UK, US), shag (UK); see also Wikisaurus:sexual intercourse * (sexual partner): screw (US) TRANSLATIONS

From Middle English wrōten (to dig with the snout), from Old English wrōtan, from Proto-Germanic *wrōtaną (to dig out, to root), from Proto-Indo-European *red- (to scrape, to scratch, to gnaw). Cognate with rodent. Cognate with Dutch wroeten.

Verb

root (third-person singular simple present roots, present participle rooting, simple past and past participle rooted)

  1. (transitive) To turn up or dig with the snout.
    A pig roots the earth for truffles.
  2. (by extension) To seek favour or advancement by low arts or grovelling servility; to fawn.
  3. (intransitive) To rummage, to search as if by digging in soil.
    rooting about in a junk-filled drawer
  4. (transitive) To root out; to abolish.
  5. (Australia, New Zealand, vulgar, slang) To have sexual intercourse.
Usage notes
Synonyms
Derived terms
Translations

Noun

root (plural roots)

  1. (Australia, New Zealand, vulgar, slang) An act of sexual intercourse.
    Fancy a root?
  2. (Australia, New Zealand, vulgar, slang) A sexual partner.
Usage notes
Synonyms
Translations

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY 3
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English - Etymology 3

Possibly an alteration of _rout_ (“to make a loud noise”), influenced by _hoot_ VERB ROOT (_third-person singular simple present_ ROOTS, _present participle_ ROOTING, _simple past and past participle_ ROOTED) * (intransitive, with for, US) To cheer to show support for. [late 19th century] * 1908, Jack Norworth, _Take Me Out to the Ball Game_ Let me ROOT, ROOT, ROOT for the home team, * (transitive, US) To hope for the success of. Rendered as 'root for'. _I'm ROOTING FOR you, don't let me down!_ SYNONYMS * (cheer): barrack (Australia, New Zealand), cheer on TRANSLATIONS

Possibly an alteration of rout (to make a loud noise), influenced by hoot

Verb

root (third-person singular simple present roots, present participle rooting, simple past and past participle rooted)

  1. (intransitive, with for, US) To cheer to show support for. [late 19th century]
  2. (transitive, US) To hope for the success of. Rendered as 'root for'.
    I'm rooting for you, don't let me down!
Synonyms
Translations

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - ANAGRAMS
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English - Anagrams

* troo

Que a categoria em GERMAN LOW GERMAN - ETYMOLOGY
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German Low German - Etymology

From Old Saxon _rōd_, from Proto-Germanic _*raudaz_, from Proto-Indo-European _*h₁rowdʰós_ < _*h₁rewdʰ-_. Compare Dutch _rood_, German _rot_, West Frisian _read_, English _red_, Danish _rød_.

From Old Saxon rōd, from Proto-Germanic *raudaz, from Proto-Indo-European *h₁rowdʰós < *h₁rewdʰ-. Compare Dutch rood, German rot, West Frisian read, English red, Danish rød.

Que a categoria em GERMAN LOW GERMAN - ADJECTIVE
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German Low German - Adjective

ROOT (_comparative_ RÖDER, _superlative_ RÖÖDST) * red DECLENSION

root (comparative röder, superlative röödst)

  1. red

Declension

Que a categoria em PORTUGUESE - NOUN
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Portuguese - Noun

ROOT m (_plural_ ROOTS) * (computing) root (user with complete access to the operating system)

root m (plural roots)

  1. (computing) root (user with complete access to the operating system)


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