English - Pronunciation
- enPR: shāv, IPA(key): /ʃeɪv/
- Rhymes: -eɪv
English - Etymology 1
From Middle English shaven, schaven, from Old English scafan (“to shave, scrape, shred, polish”), from Proto-Germanic *skabaną (“to scratch”), from Proto-Indo-European *skÀbʰ-, *skabʰ- (“to cut, split, form, carve”). Cognate with West Frisian skave, Dutch schaven (“to shave, plane”), Low German schaven (“to scrape, scratch, shave”), German schaben (“to scrape, shave”), Danish skave, Swedish skava (“to scrape, chafe”), Icelandic skafa.
- (transitive) To make bald by using a tool such as a razor or pair of electric clippers to cut the hair close to the skin.
- (transitive) To cut anything in this fashion.
- (intransitive) To remove hair from one's face by this means.
- (transitive) To cut finely, as with slices of meat.
To skim along or near the surface of; to pass close to, or touch lightly, in passing.
- 1899, Joseph Conrad, Heart of Darkness, section 2
- (archaic, transitive) To be hard and severe in a bargain with; to practice extortion on; to cheat.
- (US, slang, dated, transitive) To buy (a note) at a discount greater than the legal rate of interest, or to deduct in discounting it more than the legal rate allows.
English - Etymology 2
- An instance of shaving.
- A thin slice; a shaving.
- (US, slang, dated) An exorbitant discount on a note.
- (US, slang, dated) A premium paid for an extension of the time of delivery or payment, or for the right to vary a stock contract in any particular.
- A hand tool consisting of a sharp blade with a handle at each end; a spokeshave.