English - Etymology 1
From Middle English, from Old English sāwol (“soul, life, spirit, being”), from Proto-Germanic *saiwalō (“soul”). Cognate with North Frisian siel, sial (“soul”), Dutch ziel (“soul”), German Seele (“soul”) (the Scandinavian forms are borrowings from the Old English).
- (Received Pronunciation) enPR: sōl, IPA(key): /səʊl/
- (General American) enPR: sōl, IPA(key): /soʊl/
- Rhymes: -əʊl
- Homophones: Seoul, sole
(religion, folklore) The spirit or essence of a person usually thought to consist of one's thoughts and personality. Often believed to live on after the person's death.
1836, Hans Christian Andersen
(translated into English by Mrs. H. B. Paull in 1872), The Little Mermaid
- "Among the daughters of the air," answered one of them. "A mermaid has not an immortal soul, nor can she obtain one unless she wins the love of a human being. On the power of another hangs her eternal destiny. But the daughters of the air, although they do not possess an immortal soul, can, by their good deeds, procure one for themselves.
- 1836, Hans Christian Andersen (translated into English by Mrs. H. B. Paull in 1872), The Little Mermaid
- The spirit or essence of anything.
- Life, energy, vigor.
- (music) Soul music.
- A person, especially as one among many.
- An individual life.
English - Etymology 2
French - Alternative Forms
- soûl, saoul