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Que a categoria em ENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY
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English - Etymology

From Middle English _springen_, from Old English _springan_, from Proto-Germanic _*springaną_ (compare West Frisian _springe_, Dutch/Low German/German _springen_, Danish _springe_, Swedish _springa_), from Proto-Indo-European _*sperǵʰ-_ (compare Lithuanian _spreñgti_ (“to push in”), Old Church Slavonic _прѧсти_ (pręsti, “to spin, stretch”), Ancient Greek _σπέρχω_ (spérkhō, “I hasten”), Sanskrit _स्पृहयति_ (spṛhayati, “is eager”)). Sense of ‘season’ 1547, from earlier _springing time,_ _spring-time,_ in sense of buds sprouting or “springing” up. This replaced Old English _lencten_ (compare _Lent_) by the 14th century. Sense of ‘source of water’ attested circa 1225.

From Middle English springen, from Old English springan, from Proto-Germanic *springaną (compare West Frisian springe, Dutch/Low German/German springen, Danish springe, Swedish springa), from Proto-Indo-European *sperǵʰ- (compare Lithuanian spreñgti (to push in), Old Church Slavonic прѧсти (pręsti, to spin, stretch), Ancient Greek σπέρχω (spérkhō, I hasten), Sanskrit स्पृहयति (spṛhayati, is eager)).

Sense of ‘season’ 1547, from earlier springing time, spring-time, in sense of buds sprouting or “springing” up. This replaced Old English lencten (compare Lent) by the 14th century.

Sense of ‘source of water’ attested circa 1225.

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - PRONUNCIATION
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English - Pronunciation

* enPR: sprĭng, IPA(key): /spɹɪŋ/ * (US, also) enPR: sprēng, IPA(key): /spɹiːŋ/ * Rhymes: -ɪŋ

  • enPR: sprĭng, IPA(key): /spɹɪŋ/
  • (US, also) enPR: sprēng, IPA(key): /spɹiːŋ/
  • Rhymes: -ɪŋ

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - VERB
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English - Verb

SPRING (_third-person singular simple present_ SPRINGS, _present participle_ SPRINGING, _simple past_ SPRANG _or_ SPRUNG, _past participle_ SPRUNG) * To jump or leap. * Philips The mountain stag that SPRINGS / From height to height, and bounds along the plains. * 1900, L. Frank Baum, The Wonderful Wizard of Oz She was awakened by a shock, so sudden and severe that if Dorothy had not been lying on the soft bed she might have been hurt. As it was, the jar made her catch her breath and wonder what had happened; and Toto put his cold little nose into her face and whined dismally. Dorothy sat up and noticed that the house was not moving; nor was it dark, for the bright sunshine came in at the window, flooding the little room. She SPRANG from her bed and with Toto at her heels ran and opened the door. * 1912: Edgar Rice Burroughs, Tarzan of the Apes, Chapter 5 Not thirty paces behind the two she crouched—Sabor, the huge lioness—lashing her tail. Cautiously she moved a great padded paw forward, noiselessly placing it before she lifted the next. Thus she advanced; her belly low, almost touching the surface of the ground — a great cat preparing to SPRING upon its prey. * 1922, Virginia Woolf, _Jacob's Room_ Chapter 2 Archer and Jacob jumped up from behind the mound where they had been crouching with the intention of SPRINGING upon their mother unexpectedly, and they all began to walk slowly home. _He SPRANG up from his seat._ * To pass over by leaping. _to SPRING over a fence_ (in this sense, the verb spring must be accompanied by the preposition 'over'.) * To produce or disclose unexpectedly, especially of surprises, traps, etc. * Dryden She starts, and leaves her bed, amd SPRINGS a light. * Jonathan Swift The friends to the cause SPRANG a new project. * 29 FEBRUARY 2012, Aidan Foster-Carter, BBC News _North Korea: The denuclearisation dance resumes_ North Korea loves to SPRING surprises. More unusual is for its US foe to play along. * (slang) To release or set free, especially from prison. * To come into being, often quickly or sharply. _Trees are already SPRINGING up in the plantation._ * To start or rise suddenly, as from a covert. * Otway watchful as fowlers when their game will SPRING * To cause to spring up; to start or rouse, as game; to cause to rise from the earth, or from a covert. _to SPRING a pheasant_ * (nautical) To crack or split; to bend or strain so as to weaken. _to SPRING a mast or a yard_ * To bend by force, as something stiff or strong; to force or put by bending, as a beam into its sockets, and allowing it to straighten when in place; often with _in_, _out_, etc. _to SPRING in a slat or a bar_ * To issue with speed and violence; to move with activity; to dart; to shoot. * Dryden And sudden light / SPRUNG through the vaulted roof. * To fly back. _A bow, when bent, SPRINGS back by its elastic power._ * (intransitive) To bend from a straight direction or plane surface; to become warped. _A piece of timber, or a plank, sometimes SPRINGS in seasoning._ * To shoot up, out, or forth; to come to the light; to begin to appear; to emerge, like a plant from its seed, a stream from its source, etc.; often followed by _up_, _forth_, or _out_. * Bible, Job xxxviii. 27 to satisfy the desolate and waste ground, and to cause the bud of

spring (third-person singular simple present springs, present participle springing, simple past sprang or sprung, past participle sprung)

  1. To jump or leap.
    He sprang up from his seat.
  2. To pass over by leaping.
    to spring over a fence (in this sense, the verb spring must be accompanied by the preposition 'over'.)
  3. To produce or disclose unexpectedly, especially of surprises, traps, etc.
  4. (slang) To release or set free, especially from prison.
  5. To come into being, often quickly or sharply.
    Trees are already springing up in the plantation.
  6. To start or rise suddenly, as from a covert.
  7. To cause to spring up; to start or rouse, as game; to cause to rise from the earth, or from a covert.
    to spring a pheasant
  8. (nautical) To crack or split; to bend or strain so as to weaken.
    to spring a mast or a yard
  9. To bend by force, as something stiff or strong; to force or put by bending, as a beam into its sockets, and allowing it to straighten when in place; often with in, out, etc.
    to spring in a slat or a bar
  10. To issue with speed and violence; to move with activity; to dart; to shoot.
  11. To fly back.
    A bow, when bent, springs back by its elastic power.
  12. (intransitive) To bend from a straight direction or plane surface; to become warped.
    A piece of timber, or a plank, sometimes springs in seasoning.
  13. To shoot up, out, or forth; to come to the light; to begin to appear; to emerge, like a plant from its seed, a stream from its source, etc.; often followed by up, forth, or out.

English - Noun

SPRING (_countable and uncountable_, _plural_ SPRINGS) * A leap; a bound; a jump. * Dryden The prisoner, with a SPRING, from prison broke. * (countable) Traditionally the first of the four seasons of the year in temperate regions, in which plants spring from the ground and trees come into blossom, following winter and preceding summer. _SPRING is the time of the year most species reproduce._ _I spent my SPRING holidays in Morocco._ _You can visit me in the SPRING, when the weather is bearable._ * (countable) Meteorologically, the months of March, April and May in the northern hemisphere (or September, October and November in the southern). * (countable) The astronomically delineated period from the moment of vernal equinox, approximately March 21 in the northern hemisphere to the moment of the summer solstice, approximately June 21. (See SPRING (SEASON) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia:Spring (season) for other variations.) * (countable) Spring tide; a tide of greater-than-average range, that is, around the first or third quarter of a lunar month, or around the times of the new or full moon. * (countable) A place where water emerges from the ground. _This water is bottled from the SPRING of the river._ * (uncountable) The property of a body of springing to its original form after being compressed, stretched, etc. _the SPRING of a bow_ * Elastic power or force. * Dryden Heavens! what a SPRING was in his arm! * (countable) A mechanical device made of flexible or coiled material that exerts force when it is bent, compressed or stretched. _We jumped so hard the bed SPRINGS broke._ * (countable, slang) An erection of the penis. * (countable) The source of an action or of a supply. * 1748. David Hume. _Enquiries concerning the human understanding and concerning the principles of moral._ London: Oxford University Press, 1973, 9. ... discover, at least in some degree, the secret SPRINGS and principles, by which the human mind is actuated in its operations? * Bible, Psalms lxxxvii All my SPRINGS are in thee. * Bentley A secret SPRING of spiritual joy. * Any active power; that by which action, or motion, is produced or propagated; cause; origin; motive. * Alexander Pope Our author shuns by vulgar SPRINGS to move / The hero's glory, or the virgin's love. * That which springs, or is originated, from a source. * A race; lineage. (Can we find and add a quotation of Chapman to this entry?) * A youth; a springald. (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?) * A shoot; a plant; a young tree; also, a grove of trees; woodland. (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?) (Can we find and add a quotation of Milton to this entry?) * (obsolete) That which causes one to spring; specifically, a lively tune. (Can we find and add a quotation of Beaumont and Fletcher to this entry?) * The time of growth and progress; early portion; first stage. * Bible, 1 Sam. ix. 26 The SPRING of the day. * Shakespeare O how this SPRING of love resembleth / The uncertain glory of an April day. * (countable, nautical) A rope attaching the bow of a vessel to the stern-side of the jetty, or vice versa, to stop the vessel from surging. _You should put a couple of SPRINGS onto the jetty to stop the boat moving so much._ * (nautical) A line led from a vessel's quarter to her cable so that by tightening or slacking it she can be made to lie in any desired position; a line led diagonally from the bow or stern of a vessel to some point upon the wharf to which she is moored. * (nautical) A

spring (countable and uncountable, plural springs)

  1. A leap; a bound; a jump.
  2. (countable) Traditionally the first of the four seasons of the year in temperate regions, in which plants spring from the ground and trees come into blossom, following winter and preceding summer.
    Spring is the time of the year most species reproduce.
    I spent my spring holidays in Morocco.
    You can visit me in the spring, when the weather is bearable.
  3. (countable) Meteorologically, the months of March, April and May in the northern hemisphere (or September, October and November in the southern).
  4. (countable) The astronomically delineated period from the moment of vernal equinox, approximately March 21 in the northern hemisphere to the moment of the summer solstice, approximately June 21. (See Spring (season) on Wikipedia.Wikipedia:Spring (season) for other variations.)
  5. (countable) Spring tide; a tide of greater-than-average range, that is, around the first or third quarter of a lunar month, or around the times of the new or full moon.
  6. (countable) A place where water emerges from the ground.
    This water is bottled from the spring of the river.
  7. (uncountable) The property of a body of springing to its original form after being compressed, stretched, etc.
    the spring of a bow
  8. Elastic power or force.
  9. (countable) A mechanical device made of flexible or coiled material that exerts force when it is bent, compressed or stretched.
    We jumped so hard the bed springs broke.
  10. (countable, slang) An erection of the penis.
  11. (countable) The source of an action or of a supply.
  12. Any active power; that by which action, or motion, is produced or propagated; cause; origin; motive.
  13. That which springs, or is originated, from a source.
    1. A race; lineage.
      (Can we find and add a quotation of Chapman to this entry?)
    2. A youth; a springald.
      (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)
    3. A shoot; a plant; a young tree; also, a grove of trees; woodland.
      (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)
      (Can we find and add a quotation of Milton to this entry?)
  14. (obsolete) That which causes one to spring; specifically, a lively tune.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Beaumont and Fletcher to this entry?)
  15. The time of growth and progress; early portion; first stage.
  16. (countable, nautical) A rope attaching the bow of a vessel to the stern-side of the jetty, or vice versa, to stop the vessel from surging.
    You should put a couple of springs onto the jetty to stop the boat moving so much.
  17. (nautical) A line led from a vessel's quarter to her cable so that by tightening or slacking it she can be made to lie in any desired position; a line led diagonally from the bow or stern of a vessel to some point upon the wharf to which she is moored.
  18. (nautical) A
    Que a categoria em ENGLISH - SEE ALSO
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English - See Also

* (_seasons_) SEASON; spring,‎ summer,‎ autumn/‎fall,‎ winter (Category: en:Seasons) [edit] * geyser * Hooke's law * seep * Slinky * vernal * well

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - REFERENCES
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English - References

* ↑ 1.0 1.1 “spring” in Douglas Harper, _Online Etymology Dictionary_ (2001).

  1. 1.0 1.1 “spring” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).

Que a categoria em DANISH - ETYMOLOGY
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Danish - Etymology

Verbal noun to _springe_.

Verbal noun to springe.

Que a categoria em DANISH - NOUN
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Danish - Noun

SPRING n (_singular definite_ SPRINGET, _plural indefinite_ SPRING) * spring, jump, vault, leap RELATED TERMS INFLECTION

spring n (singular definite springet, plural indefinite spring)

  1. spring, jump, vault, leap

Related terms

Inflection

Que a categoria em DANISH - VERB
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Danish - Verb

SPRING * imperative of _springe_

spring

  1. imperative of springe

Que a categoria em DUTCH - PRONUNCIATION
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Dutch - Pronunciation

* IPA(key): /sprɪŋ/

  • IPA(key): /sprɪŋ/

Que a categoria em DUTCH - VERB
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Dutch - Verb

SPRING * first-person singular present indicative of _springen_ * imperative of _springen_

spring

  1. first-person singular present indicative of springen
  2. imperative of springen

Que a categoria em GERMAN - PRONUNCIATION
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German - Pronunciation

* IPA(key): /ʃpʀɪŋ/

  • IPA(key): /ʃpʀɪŋ/

Que a categoria em GERMAN - VERB
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German - Verb

SPRING * Imperative singular of _springen_. * (colloquial)First-person singular present of _springen_.

spring

  1. Imperative singular of springen.
  2. (colloquial)First-person singular present of springen.

Que a categoria em SCOTS - PRONUNCIATION
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Scots - Pronunciation

* IPA(key): [sprɪŋ]

  • IPA(key): [sprɪŋ]

Que a categoria em SCOTS - NOUN
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Scots - Noun

SPRING (_plural_ SPRINGS) * spring, springtime * growth of vegetation in springtime

spring (plural springs)

  1. spring, springtime
  2. growth of vegetation in springtime

Que a categoria em SCOTS - VERB
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Scots - Verb

TAE SPRING (_third-person singular simple present_ SPRINGS, _present participle_ SPRINGIN, _simple past_ SPRANG, _past participle_ SPRUNG) * to spring * to leap over, cross at a bound * to put forth, send up or out * to burst, split, break apart, break into * to dance a reel

tae spring (third-person singular simple present springs, present participle springin, simple past sprang, past participle sprung)

  1. to spring
  2. to leap over, cross at a bound
  3. to put forth, send up or out
  4. to burst, split, break apart, break into
  5. to dance a reel

Que a categoria em SWEDISH - NOUN
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Swedish - Noun

SPRING n * a running (back and forth) * 1918, _Goss-skolan i Plumfield_, the Swedish translation of Louisa M. Alcott, _Little Men: Life at Plumfield with Jo's Boys_ (1871) _Eftermiddagen tillbragtes med att ordna sakerna, och när SPRINGET och släpet och hamrandet var förbi, inbjödos damerna att beskåda anstalten._ The afternoon was spent in arranging things, and when the running and lugging and hammering was over, the ladies were invited to behold the institution. DECLENSION

spring n

  1. a running (back and forth)

Declension

Que a categoria em SWEDISH - VERB
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Swedish - Verb

SPRING * imperative of springa.

spring

  1. imperative of springa.


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