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surname   
      

Tem 7 letras ( s u r n a m e )         3 vogais ( u a e )         4 consoantes ( s r n m )         Palavra ao contrário emanrus

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - PRONUNCIATION
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English - Pronunciation

* enPR: sûr'nām, IPA(key): /ˈsɜː(ɹ)neɪm/

  • enPR: sûr'nām, IPA(key): /ˈsɜː(ɹ)neɪm/

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY
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English - Etymology

From a variety of spellings in Middle English, from Anglo-Norman and Old French _surnom_ (“surname”), formed from Old French _sur-_ ("super-"; earlier _sor-_, _sour-_, etc.) + _nom_ (“name”), a calque of late Latin _supernōmen_ and _suprānōmen_ (“surname”), from Latin _super-_ (“over, above, beyond”) and _nōmen_ (“name”).

From a variety of spellings in Middle English, from Anglo-Norman and Old French surnom (surname), formed from Old French sur- ("super-"; earlier sor-, sour-, etc.) + nom (name), a calque of late Latin supernōmen and suprānōmen (surname), from Latin super- (over, above, beyond) and nōmen (name).

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - NOUN
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English - Noun

SURNAME (_plural_ SURNAMES) * (obsolete) An additional name, particularly those derived from a birthplace, quality, or achievement; an epithet. * _c._ 1330, _Arthour and Merlin_, 5488: Þe .xxxix. Osoman, cert, His SURNAME was: hardi of hert. * 1526, Tyndale's Bible, Acts I 23: Barsabas (whose SYRNAME was Iustus). * 1590, Richard Harvey, _Plaine Percevall the peace-maker of England, Sweetly indeuoring with his blunt persuasions to botch vp a reconciliation between Mar-ton and Mar-tother_, B3: My SIRNAME is Peace-Maker, one that is but poorely regarded in England. * _c._ 1607, William Shakespeare, _Coriolanus_, V iii 171: To his SUR-NAME Coriolanus longs more pride Then pitty to our Prayers. * (obsolete) An additional name given to a person, place, or thing; a byname or nickname. * _c._ 1395, Wycliff's Bible, Ecclus. XLVII 19: In the name of the Lord, to whom the SURNAME [_toname_ in the 1382 ed.] is God of Israel. * 1638, Abraham Cowley, _Davideis_, IV: I have before declared that Baal was the Sun, and Baal Peor, a SIRNAME, from a particular place of his worship. * The name a person shares with other members of that person's family, distinguished from that person's given name or names; a family name. * 1393, William Langland, _Piers Plowman_, C iv 369: Þat is noȝt reisonable...to refusy my syres SORNAME. * 1605, William Camden, _Remaines_, I 32: In late yeeres SURNAMES have beene given for Christian names among vs, and no where else in Christendom. * 1876, E. A. Freeman, _The History of the Norman Conquest_, V xxv 563: The Norman Conquest...brought with it the novelty of family nomenclature, that is to say, the use of hereditary SURNAMES. * (Classical studies) The cognomen of Roman names. * _c._ 1400, "St. John Baptist", 928 in W. M. Metcalfe, _Legends of the saints: in the Scottish dialect of the fourteenth century_ (1896), II 249: Þe thred herrod had alsua til his SUORNOME agrippa. * (Scotland, obsolete) A clan. * 1455 in J. D. Marwick, _Charters of Edinburgh_ (1871), 79: The SURNAM and nerrest of blude to the said Williame. USAGE NOTES The term "surname" may be used to translate terms from non-English names which carry additional shades of meaning, most notably in the case of Roman cognomens. In fact, the _nomen_ was the surname as the word is commonly understood today but the terms were first applied when surname was still used in the sense of "additional" or "added" name: the cognomen was added to the nomen to show the branch of the family involved. (The modern translation of a similar distinction in ancient Chinese names customarily uses ancestral name and clan name instead and typically speaks of surnames only once the two merged into a single and commonly-employed family name.) SYNONYMS * epithet (_additional descriptive name_) * nickname, sobriquet, byname (_additional name_) * family name, last name, to-name (_hereditary name denoting one's family_) * See also Wikisaurus:surname TRANSLATIONS

surname (plural surnames)

  1. (obsolete) An additional name, particularly those derived from a birthplace, quality, or achievement; an epithet.
  2. (obsolete) An additional name given to a person, place, or thing; a byname or nickname.
  3. The name a person shares with other members of that person's family, distinguished from that person's given name or names; a family name.
  4. (Classical studies) The cognomen of Roman names.
  5. (Scotland, obsolete) A clan.

Usage notes

The term "surname" may be used to translate terms from non-English names which carry additional shades of meaning, most notably in the case of Roman cognomens. In fact, the nomen was the surname as the word is commonly understood today but the terms were first applied when surname was still used in the sense of "additional" or "added" name: the cognomen was added to the nomen to show the branch of the family involved. (The modern translation of a similar distinction in ancient Chinese names customarily uses ancestral name and clan name instead and typically speaks of surnames only once the two merged into a single and commonly-employed family name.)

Synonyms

Translations

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - SEE ALSO
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English - See Also

* adoption name * bride’s name * Christian name * cognomen * confirmation name * first name * forename * given name * maiden name * matronym * middle name * nickname * patronym * personal name * Wikipedia article on name changes * Wiktionary appendix of surnames

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - VERB
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English - Verb

SURNAME (_third-person singular simple present_ SURNAMES, _present participle_ SURNAMING, _simple past and past participle_ SURNAMED) * To give a SURNAME. * To call by a SURNAME. TRANSLATIONS

surname (third-person singular simple present surnames, present participle surnaming, simple past and past participle surnamed)

  1. To give a surname.
  2. To call by a surname.

Translations

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - ANAGRAMS
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English - Anagrams

* manures

Que a categoria em ENGLISH - REFERENCES
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English - References

* ^ Oxford English Dictionary. "surname, n." * ^ Oxford English Dictionary. "surnoun, n."

  1. ^ Oxford English Dictionary. "surname, n."
  2. ^ Oxford English Dictionary. "surnoun, n."


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