English - Pronunciation
English - Etymology 1
From Middle English bernen, birnen, from Old English byrnan, beornan (“to burn”), from Proto-Germanic *brinnaną (“to burn”), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrenu̯ (compare Middle Irish brennim (“drink up”), bruinnim (“bubble up”)), present stem from *bʰreu-, *bʰru- (compare Middle Irish bréo (“flame”), Albanian burth (“Cyclamen europaeum, mouth burning”), Sanskrit [script needed] (bhuráti, “moves quickly, twitches, fidgets”)). More at brew.
- A physical injury caused by heat or cold or electricity or radiation or caustic chemicals.
- A sensation resembling such an injury.
- The act of burning something.
- Physical sensation in the muscles following strenuous exercise, caused by build-up of lactic acid.
- (slang) An intense non-physical sting, as left by an effective insult.
- (UK, chiefly prison slang) tobacco
- The operation or result of burning or baking, as in brickmaking.
- A disease in vegetables; brand.
- An effective insult.
- (intransitive) To be consumed by fire, or at least in flames.
- (intransitive) To become overheated to the point of being unusable.
- (intransitive) To feel hot, e.g. due to embarrassment.
- (intransitive) To sunburn.
- (intransitive, curling) To accidentally touch a moving stone.
- (transitive, ergative) To cause to be consumed by fire.
(transitive, ergative) To overheat so as
to make unusable.
- 1879, Richard Jefferies, The Amateur Poacher, chapter1:
- (transitive) To injure (a person or animal) with heat or caustic chemicals.
- (transitive) To make or produce by the application of fire or burning heat.
(transitive) To consume, injure, or change the condition of, as if by action of fire or heat; to affect as fire or heat does.
- William Shakespeare (1564-1616)
- John Dryden (1631-1700)
Epistle of James 4:2 (AMP)
You are jealous and covet [what others have] and your desires go unfulfilled; [so] you become murderers. [To hate is to murder as far as your hearts are concerned.] You burn with envy and anger and are not able to obtain [the gratification, the contentment,
and the happiness that you seek], so you fight and war. You do not have, because you
Какие в категорииENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY 2Информация о предмете
- You are jealous and covet [what others have] and your desires go unfulfilled; [so] you become murderers. [To hate is to murder as far as your hearts are concerned.] You burn with envy and anger and are not able to obtain [the gratification, the contentment, and the happiness that you seek], so you fight and war. You do not have, because you
English - Etymology 2
From Middle English burn, bourne, from Old English burne, burna (“spring, fountain”), from Proto-Germanic *brunnô, *brunō (compare West Frisian boarne, Dutch bron, German Brunnen), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrew- (compare Albanian burim (“spring, fountain”) from buroj (“to pour, gush, derive”), Ancient Greek φρέαρ (phréar, “well, reservoir”), Old Armenian աղբիւր (ałbiwr, “fount”)). Doublet of bourn. More at brew.
(Scotland, Northern England) A stream.
- 1881, Gerard Manley Hopkins, Inversnaid
- 1881, Robert Louis Stevenson, Virginibus Puerisque:
- 2008, James Kelman, Kieron Smith, Boy, Penguin 2009, page 105: