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burn   
      

Она имеет 4 буквы ( b u r n )         1 гласные ( u )         3 согласные ( b r n )         Слово наоборот nrub

Какие в категорииENGLISH - PRONUNCIATION
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English - Pronunciation

* (General American) IPA(key): /bɝn/, enPR: bûrn * (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /bɜːn/, enPR: bûrn * Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)n * Homophone: Bern

Какие в категорииENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY 1
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English - Etymology 1

From Middle English _bernen_, _birnen_, from Old English _byrnan_, _beornan_ (“to burn”), from Proto-Germanic _*brinnaną_ (“to burn”), from Proto-Indo-European _*bʰrenu̯_ (compare Middle Irish _brennim_ (“drink up”), _bruinnim_ (“bubble up”)), present stem from _*bʰreu-_, _*bʰru-_ (compare Middle Irish _bréo_ (“flame”), Albanian _burth_ (“Cyclamen europaeum, mouth burning”), Sanskrit [script needed] (bhuráti, “moves quickly, twitches, fidgets”)). More at brew. NOUN BURN (_plural_ BURNS) * A physical injury caused by heat or cold or electricity or radiation or caustic chemicals. _She had second-degree BURNS from falling in the bonfire._ * A sensation resembling such an injury. _chili BURN from eating hot peppers_ * The act of burning something. _They're doing a controlled BURN of the fields._ * Physical sensation in the muscles following strenuous exercise, caused by build-up of lactic acid. _One and, two and, keep moving; feel the BURN!_ * (slang) An intense non-physical sting, as left by an effective insult. * (UK, chiefly prison slang) tobacco * 2010, Stephen Fry, _The Fry Chronicles_: As the prison week ended and the less careful inmates began to run out of BURN they went through a peculiar begging ritual that I, never one to husband resources either, was quick to learn. * The operation or result of burning or baking, as in brickmaking. _They have a good BURN._ * A disease in vegetables; brand. * An effective insult. DERIVED TERMS TRANSLATIONS VERB BURN (_third-person singular simple present_ BURNS, _present participle_ BURNING, _simple past and past participle_ BURNED _or_ (mostly Commonwealth) BURNT) * (intransitive) To be consumed by fire, or at least in flames. _He watched the house BURN._ * (intransitive) To become overheated to the point of being unusable. _The grill was too hot and the steak was BURNED._ * (intransitive) To feel hot, e.g. due to embarrassment. _The child's forehead was BURNING with fever.  Her cheeks BURNED with shame._ * (intransitive) To sunburn. _She forgot to put on sunscreen and BURNED._ * (intransitive, curling) To accidentally touch a moving stone. * (transitive, ergative) To cause to be consumed by fire. _He BURNED his manuscript in the fireplace._ * (transitive, ergative) To overheat so as to make unusable. _He BURNED the toast._ * 1879, Richard Jefferies, _The Amateur Poacher_, chapter1: They BURNED the old gun that used to stand in the dark corner up in the garret, close to the stuffed fox that always grinned so fiercely. Perhaps the reason why he seemed in such a ghastly rage was that he did not come by his death fairly. Otherwise his pelt would not have been so perfect. * (transitive) To injure (a person or animal) with heat or caustic chemicals. _She BURNED the child with an iron, and was jailed for ten years._ * (transitive) To make or produce by the application of fire or burning heat. _to BURN a hole;  to BURN letters into a block_ * (transitive) To consume, injure, or change the condition of, as if by action of fire or heat; to affect as fire or heat does. _to BURN the mouth with pepper_ * William Shakespeare (1564-1616) This tyrant fever BURNS me up. * John Dryden (1631-1700) This dry sorrow BURNS up all my tears. * Epistle of James 4:2 (AMP) You are jealous and covet [what others have] and your desires go unfulfilled; [so] you become murderers. [To hate is to murder as far as your hearts are concerned.] You BURN with envy and anger and are not able to obtain [the gratification, the contentment, and the happiness that you seek], so you fight and war. You do not have, because you

From Middle English bernen, birnen, from Old English byrnan, beornan (to burn), from Proto-Germanic *brinnaną (to burn), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrenu̯ (compare Middle Irish brennim (drink up), bruinnim (bubble up)), present stem from *bʰreu-, *bʰru- (compare Middle Irish bréo (flame), Albanian burth (Cyclamen europaeum, mouth burning), Sanskrit [script needed] (bhuráti, moves quickly, twitches, fidgets)). More at brew.

Noun

burn (plural burns)

  1. A physical injury caused by heat or cold or electricity or radiation or caustic chemicals.
    She had second-degree burns from falling in the bonfire.
  2. A sensation resembling such an injury.
    chili burn from eating hot peppers
  3. The act of burning something.
    They're doing a controlled burn of the fields.
  4. Physical sensation in the muscles following strenuous exercise, caused by build-up of lactic acid.
    One and, two and, keep moving; feel the burn!
  5. (slang) An intense non-physical sting, as left by an effective insult.
  6. (UK, chiefly prison slang) tobacco
  7. The operation or result of burning or baking, as in brickmaking.
    They have a good burn.
  8. A disease in vegetables; brand.
  9. An effective insult.
Derived terms
Translations

Verb

burn (third-person singular simple present burns, present participle burning, simple past and past participle burned or (mostly Commonwealth) burnt)

  1. (intransitive) To be consumed by fire, or at least in flames.
    He watched the house burn.
  2. (intransitive) To become overheated to the point of being unusable.
    The grill was too hot and the steak was burned.
  3. (intransitive) To feel hot, e.g. due to embarrassment.
    The child's forehead was burning with fever.  Her cheeks burned with shame.
  4. (intransitive) To sunburn.
    She forgot to put on sunscreen and burned.
  5. (intransitive, curling) To accidentally touch a moving stone.
  6. (transitive, ergative) To cause to be consumed by fire.
    He burned his manuscript in the fireplace.
  7. (transitive, ergative) To overheat so as to make unusable.
    He burned the toast.
  8. (transitive) To injure (a person or animal) with heat or caustic chemicals.
    She burned the child with an iron, and was jailed for ten years.
  9. (transitive) To make or produce by the application of fire or burning heat.
    to burn a hole;  to burn letters into a block
  10. (transitive) To consume, injure, or change the condition of, as if by action of fire or heat; to affect as fire or heat does.
    to burn the mouth with pepper

English - Etymology 2

From Middle English _burn_, _bourne_, from Old English _burne_, _burna_ (“spring, fountain”), from Proto-Germanic _*brunnô_, _*brunō_ (compare West Frisian _boarne_, Dutch _bron_, German _Brunnen_), from Proto-Indo-European _*bʰrew_- (compare Albanian _burim_ (“spring, fountain”) from _buroj_ (“to pour, gush, derive”), Ancient Greek _φρέαρ_ (phréar, “well, reservoir”), Old Armenian _աղբիւր_ (ałbiwr, “fount”)). Doublet of bourn. More at brew. NOUN BURN (_plural_ BURNS) * (Scotland, Northern England) A stream. * 1881, Gerard Manley Hopkins, _Inversnaid_ THIS darksome BURN, horseback brown, His rollrock highroad roaring down, In coop and in comb the fleece of his foam Flutes and low to the lake falls home. * 1881, Robert Louis Stevenson, _Virginibus Puerisque_: He may pitch on some tuft of lilacs over a BURN, and smoke innumerable pipes to the tune of the water on the stones. * 2008, James Kelman, _Kieron Smith, Boy_, Penguin 2009, page 105: When it was too heavy rain the BURN ran very high and wide and ye could never jump it. RELATED TERMS * bourn TRANSLATIONS

From Middle English burn, bourne, from Old English burne, burna (spring, fountain), from Proto-Germanic *brunnô, *brunō (compare West Frisian boarne, Dutch bron, German Brunnen), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰrew- (compare Albanian burim (spring, fountain) from buroj (to pour, gush, derive), Ancient Greek φρέαρ (phréar, well, reservoir), Old Armenian աղբիւր (ałbiwr, fount)). Doublet of bourn. More at brew.

Noun

burn (plural burns)

  1. (Scotland, Northern England) A stream.
Related terms
Translations

Какие в категорииENGLISH - REFERENCES
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English - References

* “burn” in Douglas Harper, _Online Etymology Dictionary_ (2001). * _Webster's Seventh New Collegiate Dictionary_, Springfield, Massachusetts, G.&C. Merriam Co., 1967 * _Northumberland Words_, English Dialect Society, R. Oliver Heslop, 1893–4[5]

Какие в категорииSCOTS - NOUN
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Scots - Noun

BURN (_plural_ BURNS) * A small river.

burn (plural burns)

  1. A small river.


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