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near   
      

Она имеет 4 буквы ( n e a r )         2 гласные ( e a )         2 согласные ( n r )         Слово наоборот raen

Какие в категорииENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY
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English - Etymology

From Middle English _nere_, _ner_, from Old English _nēar_ (“nearer”, comparative of _nēah_, "nigh"), influenced by Old Norse _nǣr_ (“near”), both originating from Proto-Germanic _*nēhwiz_ (“nearer”), comparative of the adverb _*nēhw_ (“near”). Cognate with Old Frisian _niār_ (“nearer”), Dutch _naar_ (“to, towards”), Old High German _nāhōr_ (“nearer”), Danish _når_ (“when”), Swedish _när_ (“when”).

From Middle English nere, ner, from Old English nēar (nearer, comparative of nēah, "nigh"), influenced by Old Norse nǣr (near), both originating from Proto-Germanic *nēhwiz (nearer), comparative of the adverb *nēhw (near). Cognate with Old Frisian niār (nearer), Dutch naar (to, towards), Old High German nāhōr (nearer), Danish når (when), Swedish när (when).

Какие в категорииENGLISH - PRONUNCIATION
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English - Pronunciation

* (UK) IPA(key): /nɪə(ɹ)/ * (US) IPA(key): /nɪɹ/ * (near–square merger) IPA(key): /nɛə/ * Rhymes: -ɪə(r)

  • (UK) IPA(key): /nɪə(ɹ)/
  • (US) IPA(key): /nɪɹ/
  • (near–square merger) IPA(key): /nɛə/
  • Rhymes: -ɪə(r)

Какие в категорииENGLISH - NOUN
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English - Noun

NEAR (_plural_ NEARS) * The left side of a horse or of a team of horses pulling a carriage etc. SYNONYMS * near side ANTONYMS * off side SEE ALSO * nearside

near (plural nears)

  1. The left side of a horse or of a team of horses pulling a carriage etc.

Synonyms

Antonyms

See also

Какие в категорииENGLISH - ADJECTIVE
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English - Adjective

NEAR (_comparative_ NEARER, _superlative_ NEAREST) * Physically close. * Dryden He served great Hector, and was ever NEAR, / Not with his trumpet only, but his spear. * Closely connected or related. * Bible, Leviticus xviii. 12 She is thy father's NEAR kinswoman. * Close to one's interests, affection, etc.; intimate; dear. _a NEAR friend_ * Close to anything followed or imitated; not free, loose, or rambling. _a version NEAR to the original_ * So as barely to avoid or pass injury or loss; close; narrow. _a NEAR escape_ * (of an event) Approaching. _The end is NEAR._ * Approximate, almost. _The two words are NEAR synonyms._ * (dated) Next to the driver, when he is on foot; (US) on the left of an animal or a team. _the NEAR ox; the NEAR leg_ * (obsolete) Immediate; direct; close; short. * Milton the NEAREST way * (obsolete, slang) Stingy; parsimonious. ANTONYMS * remote DERIVED TERMS TRANSLATIONS

near (comparative nearer, superlative nearest)

  1. Physically close.
  2. Closely connected or related.
  3. Close to one's interests, affection, etc.; intimate; dear.
    a near friend
  4. Close to anything followed or imitated; not free, loose, or rambling.
    a version near to the original
  5. So as barely to avoid or pass injury or loss; close; narrow.
    a near escape
  6. (of an event) Approaching.
    The end is near.
  7. Approximate, almost.
    The two words are near synonyms.
  8. (dated) Next to the driver, when he is on foot; (US) on the left of an animal or a team.
    the near ox; the near leg
  9. (obsolete) Immediate; direct; close; short.
  10. (obsolete, slang) Stingy; parsimonious.

Antonyms

Derived terms

Translations

Какие в категорииENGLISH - ADVERB
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English - Adverb

NEAR (_comparative_ NEARER, _superlative_ NEAREST) * Having a small intervening distance with regard to something. _I'm NEAR-sighted._ * (colloquial) nearly * 1666 Samuel Pepys _Diary and Correspondence_ (1867) ...he hears for certain that the Queen-Mother is about and hath NEAR finished a peace with France.... * 1825 David Hume, Tobias George Smollett _The History of England_ p. 263 Sir John Friend had very NEAR completed a regiment of horse. * 2003 Owen Parry _Honor's Kingdom_ p. 365 Thinking about those pounds and pence, I NEAR forgot my wound. * 2004 Jimmy Buffett _A Salty Piece of Land_ p. 315, p. 35 "I damn NEAR forgot." He pulled an envelope from his jacket. * 2006 Juliet Marillier _The Dark Mirror_ p. 377 The fire was almost dead, the chamber NEAR dark. DERIVED TERMS * nearsighted TRANSLATIONS

near (comparative nearer, superlative nearest)

  1. Having a small intervening distance with regard to something.
    I'm near-sighted.
  2. (colloquial) nearly

Derived terms

Translations

Какие в категорииENGLISH - PREPOSITION
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English - Preposition

NEAR * Close to, in close proximity to. _There are habitable planets orbiting many of the stars NEAR our Sun._ * 1820, Mary Shelley, _Maurice, or The Fisher's Cot_: He entered the inn, and asking for dinner, unbuckled his wallet, and sat down to rest himself NEAR the door. * 1927, H.P. Lovecraft, _The Colour Out of Space_: It shied, balked, and whinnied, and in the end he could do nothing but drive it into the yard while the men used their own strength to get the heavy wagon NEAR enough the hayloft for convenient pitching. * Close to in time. _The voyage was NEAR completion._ USAGE NOTES Joan Maling (1983) shows that _near_ is best analysed as an adjective with which the use of _to_ is optional, rather than a preposition. It has the comparative and the superlative, and it can be followed by _enough_. The use of _to_ however is usually British. ANTONYMS * far from TRANSLATIONS

near

  1. Close to, in close proximity to.
    There are habitable planets orbiting many of the stars near our Sun.
  2. Close to in time.
    The voyage was near completion.
Usage notes

Joan Maling (1983) shows that near is best analysed as an adjective with which the use of to is optional, rather than a preposition. It has the comparative and the superlative, and it can be followed by enough. The use of to however is usually British.

Antonyms

Translations

Какие в категорииENGLISH - VERB
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English - Verb

NEAR (_third-person singular simple present_ NEARS, _present participle_ NEARING, _simple past and past participle_ NEARED) * To come closer to; to approach. _The ship NEARS the land._ TRANSLATIONS

near (third-person singular simple present nears, present participle nearing, simple past and past participle neared)

  1. To come closer to; to approach.
    The ship nears the land.

Translations

Какие в категорииENGLISH - SEE ALSO
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English - See Also

* NEAR on Wikipedia.en.Wikipedia * para- * nigh

Какие в категорииENGLISH - REFERENCES
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English - References

* Joan Maling (1983), _Transitive Adjectives: A Case of Categorial Reanalysis_, in F. Henry and B. Richards (eds.), _Linguistic Categories: Auxiliaries and Related Puzzles_, vol.1, pp. 253-289.

Какие в категорииENGLISH - ANAGRAMS
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English - Anagrams

* Arne, earn, nare, Nera

Какие в категорииLATIN - VERB
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Latin - Verb

NEAR * first-person singular present passive subjunctive of _neō_

near

  1. first-person singular present passive subjunctive of neō

Какие в категорииLATVIAN - VERB
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Latvian - Verb

NEAR * 2nd person singular present indicative form of neart * 3rd person singular present indicative form of neart * 3rd person plural present indicative form of neart * 2nd person singular imperative form of neart * (with the particle _lai_) 3rd person singular imperative form of neart * (with the particle _lai_) 3rd person plural imperative form of neart

near

  1. 2nd person singular present indicative form of neart
  2. 3rd person singular present indicative form of neart
  3. 3rd person plural present indicative form of neart
  4. 2nd person singular imperative form of neart
  5. (with the particle lai) 3rd person singular imperative form of neart
  6. (with the particle lai) 3rd person plural imperative form of neart


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