English - Etymology
From Anglo-Norman parsone, persoun et al. (Old French persone (“human being”), French personne), and its source Latin persōna (“mask used by actor; role, part, character”),perhaps a loanword; compare Etruscan φersu (“mask”). Displaced native wight (from Old English wiht (“person, human being”)).
English - Pronunciation
English - Noun
An individual; usually a human being. [from 13th c.]
1784, William Jones, The Description and Use of a New Portable Orrery, &c., PREFACE
- THE favourable reception the Orrery has met with from Perſons of the firſt diſtinction, and from Gentlemen and Ladies in general, has induced me to add to it ſeveral new improvements in order to give it a degree of Perfection; and diſtinguiſh it from others; which by Piracy, or Imitation, may be introduced to the Public.
A character or part, as in a play; a specific kind or manifestation of individual character, whether in real life, or in literary or dramatic representation; an assumed character.
- Francis Bacon
- Jeremy Taylor
- (Christianity) Any one of the three hypostases of the Holy Trinity: the Father, Son, or Holy Spirit.
- (chiefly in science fiction) Any sentient or socially intelligent being.
- (in a compound noun or noun phrase) Someone who likes or has an affinity for (a specified thing). [from 20th c.]
- 1784, William Jones, The Description and Use of a New Portable Orrery, &c., PREFACE
The physical body of a being seen as distinct from the mind, character, etc. [from 14th c.]
- 1621, Robert Burton, The Anatomy of Melancholy, III.1.2.iii:
- 1897, Henry James, What Maisie Knew:
- 1978, Lawrence Durrell, Livia, Faber & Faber 1992 (Avignon Quintet), p. 418:
- 2004, The New York Times:
- (law) Any individual or formal organization with standing before the courts. [from 14th c.]
(law) The human genitalia; specifically, the penis.
1824, Vagrancy Act 1824 (5 Geo. 4. c. 83, United Kingdom), section 4:
- [E]very Person wilfully, openly, lewdly, and obscenely exposing his Person in any Street, Road, or public Highway, or in the View thereof, or in any Place of public Resort, with Intent to insult any Female ... and being subsequently convicted of the Offence for which he or she shall have been so apprehended, shall be deemed a Rogue and Vagabond, within the true Intent and Meaning of this Act ...
- 1972, Evans v. Ewels, Weekly Law Reports, vol. 1, p. 671 at pp. 674–675:
- 1824, Vagrancy Act 1824 (5 Geo. 4. c. 83, United Kingdom), section 4:
English - Verb
- (obsolete, transitive) To represent as a person; to personify; to impersonate.
(transitive, humorous, gender-neutral) To man.
- 2007, Brian R. Brenner, Don't Throw This Away!: The Civil Engineering Life (page 40)
- 2008, William Guy, Something Sensational (page 337)
Danish - Noun
Finnish - Adjective
Norwegian Bokmål - Noun
Norwegian Bokmål - References
Norwegian Nynorsk - Noun
Norwegian Nynorsk - References
Swedish - Noun
Swedish - References
Welsh - Noun
- (clergyman): clerigwr, offeiriad