English - Etymology
From Medieval Latin cultivātus, perfect passive participle of cultivō (“till, cultivate”), from cultīvus (“tilled”), from Latin cultus, perfect passive participle of colō (“till, cultivate”), which comes from earlier *quelō, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷel- (“to move; to turn (around)”). Cognates include Ancient Greek πέλω (pélō) and Sanskrit चरति (cárati). The same Proto-Indo-European root also gave Latin in-quil-īnus (“inhabitant”) and anculus (“servant”).
English - Pronunciation
- IPA(key): /ˈkʌltɪveɪt/
English - Verb
- To grow plants, notably crops
- To nurture; to foster; to tend.
- To turn or stir soil in preparation for planting.