English - Pronunciation
English - Etymology 1
- (grammar) A division of nouns and pronouns (and sometimes of other parts of speech), such as masculine / feminine / neuter, or animate / inanimate.
- (informal, sometimes proscribed) Biological sex: a division into which an organism is placed according to its reproductive functions or organs.
- (informal, sometimes proscribed) Biological sex: the sum of the biological characteristics by which male and female and other organisms are distinguished.
Identification as male/masculine, female/feminine, or something else, and association with a (social) role or set of behavioral and cultural traits, clothing, etc typically associated with one sex. (Compare gender role, gender identity.)
- 2007, Helen Boyd, She's Not the Man I Married: My Life with a Transgender Husband (ISBN 0786750545), page 93:
- 2010, Eve Shapiro, Gender Circuits: Bodies and Identities in a Technological Age (ISBN 113499950X):
- 2012, Elizabeth Reis, American Sexual Histories, page 5:
The sociocultural phenomenon of the division of people into various categories such as "male" and "female", with each having associated clothing, roles, stereotypes, etc.
- 1993, David Spurr, The Rhetoric of Empire: Colonial Discourse in Journalism, Travel Writing, and Imperial Administration, page 187:
2004, Wenona Mary Giles, Jennifer Hyndman, Sites of violence: gender and conflict zones, page 28:
- Gender does not necessarily have primacy in this respect. Economic class and ethnic differentiation can also be important relational hierarchies, […] . But these other differentiations are always also gendered, and in turn they help construct what is a man or a woman in any given circumstance. So while gender is binary, its components have varied expressions.
- 2005, Colin Renfrew, Paul Bahn, Archaeology: The Key Concepts, page 131:
- (obsolete) Class; kind.
- Some speakers, particularly in informal contexts, use sex and gender synonymously (interchangeably). In formal contexts, a distinction is usually made between sex (which is biological) and gender (which is social). See Wikipedia's article on the sex/gender distinction for more.
English - Etymology 2
- (archaic) To engender.
- (archaic or obsolete) To breed.
Dutch - Pronunciation
- IPA(key): /ˈɣɛn.dər/, /ˈdʒɛn.dər/
Dutch - Noun
Dutch lacks words to distinguish gender from sex, using the words geslacht or sekse to encompass both concepts. The term gender in Dutch has been recently introduced for cases when a clear distinction is needed, such as in the distinction between transgender (feeling oneself to be different from one's birth sex) and transsexual (having or desiring the sexual organs of the sex opposite to those one had at birth).