English - Etymology
Cognate with Low German hēven (“heaven, sky”), Old Saxon heƀan (“heaven, sky”), and possibly the rare Old Norse hifinn, probably dissimilated forms of the Germanic root which appears in Old Norse himinn (“heaven, sky”), Gothic
English - Pronunciation
English - Noun
The sky, specifically:
(dated, now usually plural) The distant sky in which the sun, moon, and stars appear or move; the firmament; the celestial spheres.
- 1535, Coverdale Bible, Ecclesiastes III 1:
- 1585, Thomas Washington translating Nicholas de Nicolay, The nauigations, peregrinations and voyages, made into Turkie by Nicholas Nicholay, I vi 4:
1594, Thomas Blundeville, M. Blundeuile his Exercises, I iii 136:
- In ascending orderly vpwardes...The first is the Spheare of the Moone...The seuenth the Spheare of Saturne, The eight the Spheare of the fixed Starres, commonly called the firmament. The ninth is called the second moueable or Christall heauen, The tenth is called the first moueable, and the eleuenth is called the Emperiall heauen, where God and his Angels are said to dwell.
- c. 1594, William Shakespeare, The Comedie of Errors, I i 66:
- 1625, Nathanæl Carpenter, Geography delineated forth in two bookes, I iv 77:
- 1656, Thomas Stanley, The History of Philosophy, II v 74:
- 1930 March, Nature, 179 2:
- 1981, E.R. Harrison, Cosmology, XII 250:
- 2006, Peter Carroll translating a maxim of the Southern Song dynasty in Between Heaven and Modernity: Reconstructing Suzhou, 1895–1937:
(obsolete) The near sky in which weather, flying animals, etc. appear; (obsolete) the
atmosphere; the climate.
- c. 1382, Wycliffe's Bible, Job XXXV 11:
- 1581, George Pettie translating Stefano Guazzo, Ciuile Conuersation, I 26:
- c. 1597, William Shakespeare, The comicall Historie of the Merchant of Venice, IV i:
- 1660, George Mackenzie, Religio Stoici, II 44:
- (obsolete) A model displaying the movement of the celestial bodies, an orrery.
- (dated, now usually plural) The distant sky in which the sun, moon, and stars appear or move; the firmament; the celestial spheres.
(religion) The abode of God or the gods, traditionally conceived as beyond the sky; especially:
(Christianity, usually capitalized) The abode of God and of the angels and saints in His presence.
- 1560, Geneva Bible, Revelation XII 7–8:
- 1644, Samuel Rutherford, Lex, Rex: The Law and the Prince, V 16:
- 1667, John Milton, Paradise Lost, I 263:
- 1906 July 30, Washington Post, 12 4:
- (Christianity, usually capitalized) The abode of God and of the angels and saints in His presence.
English - Verb
- (obsolete) To transport to the abode of God, the gods, or the blessed.
- (obsolete) To beatify, enchant, or please greatly.
- (obsolete) To beautify, to make into a paradise.