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Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY 1
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English - Etymology 1

From Middle English, from Latin _abstractus_, perfect passive participle of _abstrahō_ (“draw away”), formed from _abs-_ (“away”) + _trahō_ (“to pull, draw”). PRONUNCIATION * (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈæbˌstrækt/ * (an abstraction): (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈæbˌstrækt/, /æbˈstrækt/ * (US) IPA(key): /ˈæbˌstrækt/ * (an abstraction): (US) IPA(key): /ˈæbˌstrækt/, /æbˈstrækt/, enPR: ăb'străkt" NOUN ABSTRACT (_plural_ ABSTRACTS) * An abridgement or summary. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.] * Isaac Watts — An ABSTRACT of every treatise he had read. * Something that concentrates in itself the qualities of larger item, or multiple items. [First attested in the mid 16th century.] * Ford — Man, the ABSTRACT Of all perfection, which the workmanship Of Heaven hath modeled. * Concentrated essence of a product. * (medicine) A powdered solid extract of a medicinal substance mixed with lactose. * An abstraction; an abstract term; that which is abstract. [First attested in the mid 16th century.] * John Stuart Mill — The concretes "father" and "son" have, or might have, the ABSTRACTS "paternity" and "filiety". * The theoretical way of looking at things; something that exists only in idealized form. [First attested in the early 17th century.] * (art) An abstract work of art. [First attested in the early 20th century.] * (real estate) A summary title of the key points detailing a tract of land, for ownership; abstract of title. USAGE NOTES * (theoretical way of looking at things): Preceded, typically, by _the_. SYNONYMS * (statement summarizing the important points of a text): abridgment, compendium, epitome, synopsis DERIVED TERMS * abstract of title TRANSLATIONS PRONUNCIATION * (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /æbˈstrækt/, /ˈæbˌstrækt/ * (US) IPA(key): /æbˈstrækt/, /ˈæbˌstrækt/, enPR: ăb'străkt" ADJECTIVE ABSTRACT (_comparative_ MORE ABSTRACT _or_ ABSTRACTER, _superlative_ MOST ABSTRACT _or_ ABSTRACTEST) * (obsolete) Derived; extracted. [Attested from around 1350 to 1470 until the late 15th century.] * (now rare) Drawn away; removed from; apart from; separate. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.] * 17TH CENTURY, John Norris (philosopher), _The Oxford Dictionary_: The more ABSTRACT we are from the body ... the more fit we shall be to behold divine light. * Expressing a property or attribute separately of an object that is considered to be inherent to that object. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.] * Considered apart from any application to a particular object; not concrete; ideal; non-specific; general, as opposed to specific. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.] * John Stuart Mill - A concrete name is a name which stands for a thing; an ABSTRACT name which stands for an attribute of a thing. A practice has grown up in more modern times, which, if not introduced by Locke, has gained currency from his example, of applying the expression "ABSTRACT name" to all names which are the result of abstraction and generalization, and consequently to all general names, instead of confining it to the names of attributes. * Difficult to understand; abstruse; hard to conceptualize. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.] * (archaic) Absent-minded. [First attested in the early 16th century.] * Milton ABSTRACT, as in a trance * (art) Pertaining to the formal aspect of art, such as the lines, colors, shapes, and the relationships among them. [First attested in the mid 19th century.] * (art, often capitalized) Free from representational qualities, in particular the non-representational styles of the 20th century. [First attested in the mid 19th century.] * (music) Absolute. * (dance) Lacking a story. * Insufficiently factual. * Apart from practice or reality; vague; theoretical; impersonal; not applied. * (grammar) As a noun, denoting an intangible as opposed to an object, place, or person. * (computing) Of a class in object-oriented programming, being a partial basis for subclasses rather than a complete template for objects. SYNONYMS * (not applied or practical): conceptual, theoretical * (insufficiently factual):

From Middle English, from Latin abstractus, perfect passive participle of abstrahō (draw away), formed from abs- (away) + trahō (to pull, draw).

Pronunciation

Noun

abstract (plural abstracts)

  1. An abridgement or summary. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
  2. Something that concentrates in itself the qualities of larger item, or multiple items. [First attested in the mid 16th century.]
    1. Concentrated essence of a product.
    2. (medicine) A powdered solid extract of a medicinal substance mixed with lactose.
  3. An abstraction; an abstract term; that which is abstract. [First attested in the mid 16th century.]
  4. The theoretical way of looking at things; something that exists only in idealized form. [First attested in the early 17th century.]
  5. (art) An abstract work of art. [First attested in the early 20th century.]
  6. (real estate) A summary title of the key points detailing a tract of land, for ownership; abstract of title.
Usage notes
Synonyms
Derived terms
Translations

Pronunciation

Adjective

abstract (comparative more abstract or abstracter, superlative most abstract or abstractest)

  1. (obsolete) Derived; extracted. [Attested from around 1350 to 1470 until the late 15th century.]
  2. (now rare) Drawn away; removed from; apart from; separate. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
  3. Expressing a property or attribute separately of an object that is considered to be inherent to that object. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
  4. Considered apart from any application to a particular object; not concrete; ideal; non-specific; general, as opposed to specific. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
  5. Difficult to understand; abstruse; hard to conceptualize. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
  6. (archaic) Absent-minded. [First attested in the early 16th century.]
  7. (art) Pertaining to the formal aspect of art, such as the lines, colors, shapes, and the relationships among them. [First attested in the mid 19th century.]
    1. (art, often capitalized) Free from representational qualities, in particular the non-representational styles of the 20th century. [First attested in the mid 19th century.]
    2. (music) Absolute.
    3. (dance) Lacking a story.
  8. Insufficiently factual.
  9. Apart from practice or reality; vague; theoretical; impersonal; not applied.
  10. (grammar) As a noun, denoting an intangible as opposed to an object, place, or person.
  11. (computing) Of a class in object-oriented programming, being a partial basis for subclasses rather than a complete template for objects.
Synonyms

English - Etymology 2

First attested in 1542. PARTLY FROM English _abstract_ (adjective form), AND FROM Latin _abstrat_ past participle of _abstrahō_ (“to draw away”). PRONUNCIATION * (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈæb.strækt/ * (to summarize): (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /ˈæbˌstrækt/ * (US) IPA(key): /ˈæb.strækt/, enPR: ăb"străkt' * (to summarize): (US) IPA(key): /ˈæbˌstrækt/ VERB ABSTRACT (_third-person singular simple present_ ABSTRACTS, _present participle_ ABSTRACTING, _simple past and past participle_ ABSTRACTED) * (transitive) To separate; to disengage. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.] * Walter Scott - He was incapable of forming any opinion or resolution ABSTRACTED from his own prejudices. * (transitive) To remove; to take away; withdraw. [First attested in the late 15th century.] * Sir Walter Scott He was incapable of forming any opinion or resolution ABSTRACTED from his own prejudices. * (transitive, euphemistic) To steal; to take away; to remove without permission. [First attested in the late 15th century.] * W. Black - Von Rosen had quietly ABSTRACTED the bearing-reins from the harness. * (transitive) To summarize; to abridge; to epitomize. [First attested in the late 16th century.] (Can we find and add a quotation of Franklin to this entry?) * (transitive, obsolete) To extract by means of distillation. [Attested from the early 17th century until the early 18th century.] * (transitive) To consider abstractly; to contemplate separately or by itself; to consider theoretically; to look at as a general quality. [First attested in the early 17th century.] * (intransitive, reflexive, literally figuratively) To withdraw oneself; to retire. [First attested in the mid 17th century.] * (transitive) To draw off (interest or attention). * William Blackwood, _Blackwood's Magazine_ - The young stranger had been ABSTRACTED and silent. _He was wholly ABSTRACTED by other objects._ * (intransitive, rare) To perform the process of abstraction. * George Berkeley - I own myself able to ABSTRACT in one sense. * (intransitive, fine arts) To create abstractions. * (intransitive, computing) To produce an abstraction, usually by refactoring existing code. Generally used with "out". _He ABSTRACTED out the square root function._ USAGE NOTES * (to separate or disengage): Followed by the word FROM. * (to withdraw oneself): Followed by the word FROM. * (to summarize): Pronounced predominately as /ˈæbˌstrækt/. * All other senses are pronounced as /æbˈstrækt/. SYNONYMS * (to remove, separate, take away, or withdraw): remove, separate, take away, withdraw * (to abridge, epitomize, or summarize): abridge, epitomize, summarize * (to filch, purloin, or steal): filch, purloin, steal DERIVED TERMS * abstractable * abstracted * abstracter * abstractor RELATED TERMS * abstraction * abstractive * abstractum TRANSLATIONS

First attested in 1542. Partly from English abstract (adjective form), and from Latin abstrat past participle of abstrahō (to draw away).

Pronunciation

Verb

abstract (third-person singular simple present abstracts, present participle abstracting, simple past and past participle abstracted)

  1. (transitive) To separate; to disengage. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
  2. (transitive) To remove; to take away; withdraw. [First attested in the late 15th century.]
  3. (transitive, euphemistic) To steal; to take away; to remove without permission. [First attested in the late 15th century.]
  4. (transitive) To summarize; to abridge; to epitomize. [First attested in the late 16th century.]
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Franklin to this entry?)
  5. (transitive, obsolete) To extract by means of distillation. [Attested from the early 17th century until the early 18th century.]
  6. (transitive) To consider abstractly; to contemplate separately or by itself; to consider theoretically; to look at as a general quality. [First attested in the early 17th century.]
  7. (intransitive, reflexive, literally figuratively) To withdraw oneself; to retire. [First attested in the mid 17th century.]
  8. (transitive) To draw off (interest or attention).
    He was wholly abstracted by other objects.
  9. (intransitive, rare) To perform the process of abstraction.
  10. (intransitive, fine arts) To create abstractions.
  11. (intransitive, computing) To produce an abstraction, usually by refactoring existing code. Generally used with "out".
    He abstracted out the square root function.
Usage notes
Synonyms
Derived terms
Related terms
Translations

Was die in der KategorieENGLISH - REFERENCES
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English - References

* abstract in _Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary_, G. & C. Merriam, 1913 * ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Philip Babcock Gove (editor), _Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged_ (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976 [1909], ISBN 0-87779-101-5), page 8 * ↑ 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 Lesley Brown (editor), _The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary_, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 10 * ^ 1993 [1940], Thomas, Clayton L. editor, Taber's Encyclopedic Medical Dictionary, 5th, Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis Company, ISBN 0-8036-8313-8, page 14:

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Philip Babcock Gove (editor), Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976 [1909], ISBN 0-87779-101-5), page 8
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 10
  3. ^ 1993 [1940], Thomas, Clayton L. editor, Taber's Encyclopedic Medical Dictionary, 5th, Philadelphia, PA: F. A. Davis Company, ISBN 0-8036-8313-8, page 14:

Was die in der KategorieDUTCH - ADJECTIVE
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Dutch - Adjective

ABSTRACT (_comparative_ ABSTRACTER, _superlative_ ABSTRACTST) * abstract * (art) abstract DECLENSION ANTONYMS * (arts): figuratief

abstract (comparative abstracter, superlative abstractst)

  1. abstract
  2. (art) abstract

Declension

Antonyms

Was die in der KategorieROMANIAN - ETYMOLOGY
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Romanian - Etymology

From literary Latin _abstractus_, German _Abstrakt_.

From literary Latin abstractus, German Abstrakt.

Was die in der KategorieROMANIAN - ADJECTIVE
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Romanian - Adjective

ABSTRACT * abstract ANTONYMS * concret RELATED TERMS * abstractă * abstractiza * abstractizabil * abstractizabilitate * abstractizant * abstractizare * abstractizat * abstracție

abstract

  1. abstract

Antonyms

Related terms

  • abstractă
  • abstractiza
  • abstractizabil
  • abstractizabilitate
  • abstractizant
  • abstractizare
  • abstractizat
  • abstracție


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