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¿Qué la en categoríaENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY 1
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English - Etymology 1

From Middle English _abusen_, then from either Old French _abus_ (“improper use”), or from Latin _abūsus_ (“misused, using up”), perfect active participle of _abūtor_ (“make improper use of, consume, abuse”), from _ab_ (“away”) + _ūtor_ (“to use”). PRONUNCIATION * (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /əˈbjuːs/ * (US) IPA(key): /əˈbjus/, enPR: əbyo͞os' NOUN ABUSE (_plural_ ABUSES) * Improper treatment or usage; application to a wrong or bad purpose; an unjust, corrupt or wrongful practice or custom. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.] _All ABUSE, whether physical, verbal, psychological or sexual, is bad._ * Misuse; improper use; perversion. [First attested in the mid 16th century.] * 1788, _Federalist_, James Madison, Number 63 Liberty may be endangered by the ABUSES of liberty, as well as by the ABUSES of power. * (obsolete) A delusion; an imposture; misrepresentation; deception. [Attested from the mid 16th century until the mid 17th century.] * Coarse, insulting speech; abusive language; language that unjustly or angrily vilifies. [First attested in the mid 16th century.] * (now rare)   Catachresis. [First attested in the late 16th century.] * Physical maltreatment; injury; cruel treatment. [First attested in the late 16th century.] * Violation; defilement; rape; forcing of undesired sexual activity by one person on another, often on a repeated basis. [First attested in the late 16th century.] USAGE NOTES * (misuse, perversion): Typically followed by the word OF. SYNONYMS * invective, contumely, reproach, scurrility, insult, opprobrium DERIVED TERMS TRANSLATIONS

From Middle English abusen, then from either Old French abus (improper use), or from Latin abūsus (misused, using up), perfect active participle of abūtor (make improper use of, consume, abuse), from ab (away) + ūtor (to use).

Pronunciation

Noun

abuse (plural abuses)

  1. Improper treatment or usage; application to a wrong or bad purpose; an unjust, corrupt or wrongful practice or custom. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
    All abuse, whether physical, verbal, psychological or sexual, is bad.
  2. Misuse; improper use; perversion. [First attested in the mid 16th century.]
  3. (obsolete) A delusion; an imposture; misrepresentation; deception. [Attested from the mid 16th century until the mid 17th century.]
  4. Coarse, insulting speech; abusive language; language that unjustly or angrily vilifies. [First attested in the mid 16th century.]
  5. (now rare)   Catachresis. [First attested in the late 16th century.]
  6. Physical maltreatment; injury; cruel treatment. [First attested in the late 16th century.]
  7. Violation; defilement; rape; forcing of undesired sexual activity by one person on another, often on a repeated basis. [First attested in the late 16th century.]
Usage notes
Synonyms
Derived terms
Translations

¿Qué la en categoríaENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY 2
Información sobre el tema

English - Etymology 2

From Middle English _abusen_, from Middle French _abuser_, from Latin _abūsus_, perfect active participle of _abūtor_, from _ab_ (“from, away from”) + _ūtor_ (“to use”). PRONUNCIATION * (Received Pronunciation) IPA(key): /əˈbjuːz/ * (US) IPA(key): /əˈbjuz/, enPR: əbyo͞oz' VERB ABUSE (_third-person singular simple present_ ABUSES, _present participle_ ABUSING, _simple past and past participle_ ABUSED) * (transitive) To put to a wrong use; to misapply; to use improperly; to misuse; to use for a wrong purpose or end; to pervert; as, to ABUSE one's authority. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.] * (transitive) To injure; to maltreat; to hurt; to treat with cruelty, especially repeatedly. [First attested in the mid 16th century.] * (transitive) To attack with coarse language; to insult; to revile; malign; to speak in an offensive manner to or about someone; to disparage. [First attested in the early 17th century.] * Macaulay The […] tellers of news ABUSED the general. * (transitive) To imbibe a drug for a purpose other than it was intended; to intentionally take more of a drug than was prescribed for recreational reasons; to take illegal drugs habitually. [First attested in the mid 20th century.] * (transitive, archaic) To violate; defile; to rape. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.] (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?) * (transitive, obsolete) Misrepresent; adulterate. [Attested from around 1350 to 1470 until the mid 18th century.] * (transitive, obsolete) To deceive; to trick; to impose on; misuse the confidence of. [Attested from the late 15th century until the early 19th century.] * 1651-2, Jeremy Taylor, "Sermon VI, The House of Feasting; or, The Epicures Measures", in _The works of Jeremy Taylor_, Volume 1, page 283 (1831), edited by Thomas Smart Hughes When Cyrus had espied Astyages and his fellows coming drunk from a banquet loaden with variety of follies and filthiness, their legs failing them, their eyes red and staring, cozened with a moist cloud and ABUSED by a double object * (transitive, obsolete, Scotland) Disuse. [Attested from the late 15th century until the mid 16th century.] SYNONYMS * maltreat, injure, revile, reproach, vilify, vituperate, asperse, traduce, malign * See also Wikisaurus:offend DERIVED TERMS RELATED TERMS TRANSLATIONS

From Middle English abusen, from Middle French abuser, from Latin abūsus, perfect active participle of abūtor, from ab (from, away from) + ūtor (to use).

Pronunciation

Verb

abuse (third-person singular simple present abuses, present participle abusing, simple past and past participle abused)

  1. (transitive) To put to a wrong use; to misapply; to use improperly; to misuse; to use for a wrong purpose or end; to pervert; as, to abuse one's authority. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
  2. (transitive) To injure; to maltreat; to hurt; to treat with cruelty, especially repeatedly. [First attested in the mid 16th century.]
  3. (transitive) To attack with coarse language; to insult; to revile; malign; to speak in an offensive manner to or about someone; to disparage. [First attested in the early 17th century.]
  4. (transitive) To imbibe a drug for a purpose other than it was intended; to intentionally take more of a drug than was prescribed for recreational reasons; to take illegal drugs habitually. [First attested in the mid 20th century.]
  5. (transitive, archaic) To violate; defile; to rape. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Spenser to this entry?)
  6. (transitive, obsolete) Misrepresent; adulterate. [Attested from around 1350 to 1470 until the mid 18th century.]
  7. (transitive, obsolete) To deceive; to trick; to impose on; misuse the confidence of. [Attested from the late 15th century until the early 19th century.]
  8. (transitive, obsolete, Scotland) Disuse. [Attested from the late 15th century until the mid 16th century.]
Synonyms
Derived terms
Related terms
Translations

¿Qué la en categoríaENGLISH - REFERENCES
Información sobre el tema

English - References

* Lesley Brown (editor), _The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary_, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 10 * ↑ 1.0 1.1 Philip Babcock Gove (editor), _Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged_ (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976 [1909], ISBN 0-87779-101-5), page 8 * ↑ 2.0 2.1 William Morris (editor), _The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language_ (1971 [1969]; American Heritage Publishing Co., Inc.; ISBN 0-395-09066-0), page 6

  1. 1.0 1.1 Philip Babcock Gove (editor), Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976 [1909], ISBN 0-87779-101-5), page 8
  2. 2.0 2.1 William Morris (editor), The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (1971 [1969]; American Heritage Publishing Co., Inc.; ISBN 0-395-09066-0), page 6

¿Qué la en categoríaENGLISH - ANAGRAMS
Información sobre el tema

English - Anagrams

* beaus

¿Qué la en categoríaFRENCH - VERB
Información sobre el tema

French - Verb

ABUSE * first-person singular present indicative of _abuser_ * third-person singular present indicative of _abuser_ * first-person singular present subjunctive of _abuser_ * first-person singular present subjunctive of _abuser_ * second-person singular imperative of _abuser_

abuse

  1. first-person singular present indicative of abuser
  2. third-person singular present indicative of abuser
  3. first-person singular present subjunctive of abuser
  4. first-person singular present subjunctive of abuser
  5. second-person singular imperative of abuser

¿Qué la en categoríaFRENCH - ANAGRAMS
Información sobre el tema

French - Anagrams

* aubes

¿Qué la en categoríaLATIN - PARTICIPLE
Información sobre el tema

Latin - Participle

ABŪSE * vocative masculine singular of _abūsus_

abūse

  1. vocative masculine singular of abūsus

¿Qué la en categoríaPORTUGUESE - VERB
Información sobre el tema

Portuguese - Verb

ABUSE * first-person singular present subjunctive of _abusar_ * third-person singular present subjunctive of _abusar_ * first-person singular imperative of _abusar_ * third-person singular imperative of _abusar_

abuse

  1. first-person singular present subjunctive of abusar
  2. third-person singular present subjunctive of abusar
  3. first-person singular imperative of abusar
  4. third-person singular imperative of abusar

¿Qué la en categoríaSPANISH - VERB
Información sobre el tema

Spanish - Verb

ABUSE * Formal second-person singular (_usted_) imperative form of _abusar_. * First-person singular (_yo_) present subjunctive form of _abusar_. * Formal second-person singular (_usted_) present subjunctive form of _abusar_. * Third-person singular (_él_, _ella_, also used with _usted_?) present subjunctive form of _abusar_.

abuse

  1. Formal second-person singular (usted) imperative form of abusar.
  2. First-person singular (yo) present subjunctive form of abusar.
  3. Formal second-person singular (usted) present subjunctive form of abusar.
  4. Third-person singular (él, ella, also used with usted?) present subjunctive form of abusar.


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