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Dont le dans la catégorieENGLISH - ALTERNATIVE FORMS
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English - Alternative Forms

* (obsolete) hability

Dont le dans la catégorieENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY
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English - Etymology

First attested in the 1300s. From Middle English _abilite_ (“suitability, aptitude, ability”), from Middle French _habilité_, from Old French _ablete_, from Latin _habilitās_ (“aptness, ability”), from _habilis_ (“apt, fit, skillful, able”). See also _able_.

First attested in the 1300s. From Middle English abilite (suitability, aptitude, ability), from Middle French habilité, from Old French ablete, from Latin habilitās (aptness, ability), from habilis (apt, fit, skillful, able). See also able.

Dont le dans la catégorieENGLISH - PRONUNCIATION
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English - Pronunciation

* (US) IPA(key): /əˈbɪl.ə.ti/, /əˈ.bɪl.ɪ.ti/

  • (US) IPA(key): /əˈbɪl.ə.ti/, /əˈ.bɪl.ɪ.ti/

Dont le dans la catégorieENGLISH - NOUN
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English - Noun

ABILITY (_countable and uncountable_, _plural_ ABILITIES) * (obsolete) Suitableness. [Attested from around (1350 to 1470) until the late 17th century.] * (uncountable) The quality or state of being able; capacity to do; capacity of doing something; having the necessary power. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).] _This phone has the ABILITY to have its software upgraded wirelessly._ _This wood has the ABILITY to fight off insects, fungus, and mold for a considerable time._ * The legal wherewithal to act. [First attested in the mid 17th century.] * (now limited to Scotland dialects) Physical power. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).] * (archaic) Financial ability. [First attested in the early 16th century.] * (uncountable) A unique power of the mind; a faculty. [First attested in the late 16 th century.] * (Can we date this quote?) Francis Bacon (1561-1626) Natural ABILITIES are like natural plants, that need pruning by study - * (countable) A skill or competence in doing; mental power; talent; aptitude. [First attested in the early 17 th century.] _They are persons of ABILITY, who will go far in life._ _She has an uncanny ABILITY to defuse conflict._ * (Can we date this quote?) _King James Bible_, Acts 11:29 Then the disciples, every man according to his ABILITY, determined to send relief unto the brethren. * (Can we date this quote?) Thomas Macaulay (1800-1859) The public men of England, with much of a peculiar kind of ABILITY USAGE NOTES * (skill or competence): Usually used in the plural. * Ability, capacity : these words come into comparison when applied to the higher intellectual powers. * ABILITY has reference to the _active_ exercise of our faculties. It implies not only native vigor of mind, but that ease and promptitude of execution which arise from mental training. Thus, we speak of the _ability_ with which a book is written, an argument maintained, a negotiation carried on, etc. It always supposes something to be _done_, and the power of _doing_ it. * CAPACITY has reference to the _receptive_ powers. In its higher exercises it supposes great quickness of apprehension and breadth of intellect, with an uncommon aptitude for acquiring and retaining knowledge. Hence it carries with it the idea of _resources_ and undeveloped power. Thus we speak of the extraordinary _capacity_ of such men as Lord Bacon, Blaise Pascal, and Edmund Burke. "_Capacity_," says H. Taylor, "is requisite to devise, and _ability_ to execute, a great enterprise." * The word _abilities_, in the plural, embraces both these qualities, and denotes high mental endowments. * ^ George Crabb, 1826, _English synonymes explained in alphabetical order_, Collins & Hannay, page 13 SYNONYMS * (quality or state of being able): capacity, faculty, capability * (a skill or competence): See Wikisaurus:skill * (high level of skill or capability): talent, cleverness, dexterity, aptitude * (suitability or receptiveness to be acted upon): capability, faculty, capacity, aptness, aptitude RELATED TERMS * able TRANSLATIONS EXTERNAL LINKS * ability in _Webster’s Revised Unabridged Dictionary_, G. & C. Merriam, 1913 * ability in _The Century Dictionary_, The Century Co., New York, 1911

ability (countable and uncountable, plural abilities)

  1. (obsolete) Suitableness. [Attested from around (1350 to 1470) until the late 17th century.]
  2. (uncountable) The quality or state of being able; capacity to do; capacity of doing something; having the necessary power. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).]
    This phone has the ability to have its software upgraded wirelessly.
    This wood has the ability to fight off insects, fungus, and mold for a considerable time.
  3. The legal wherewithal to act. [First attested in the mid 17th century.]
  4. (now limited to Scotland dialects) Physical power. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).]
  5. (archaic) Financial ability. [First attested in the early 16th century.]
  6. (uncountable) A unique power of the mind; a faculty. [First attested in the late 16 th century.]
  7. (countable) A skill or competence in doing; mental power; talent; aptitude. [First attested in the early 17 th century.]
    They are persons of ability, who will go far in life.
    She has an uncanny ability to defuse conflict.

Usage notes

  1. ^ George Crabb, 1826, English synonymes explained in alphabetical order, Collins & Hannay, page 13

Synonyms

Related terms

Translations

External links

Dont le dans la catégorieENGLISH - REFERENCES
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English - References

* ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 2003 [1933], Brown, Lesley editor, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, edition 5th, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7, page 4:

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 2003 [1933], Brown, Lesley editor, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, edition 5th, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7, page 4:


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