English - Etymology
From Middle English screw, scrue (“screw”); apparently, despite the difference in meaning, from Old French escroue (“nut, cylindrical socket, screwhole”), of uncertain origin. There is also the Old French escruve (“screw”), from Old Dutch *scrūva ("screw"; whence Middle Dutch schruyve (“screw”)), which probably influenced or conflated with the aforementioned resulting in the Middle English word.
English - Noun
A device that has a helical function.
- A simple machine, a helical inclined plane.
- A (usually) metal fastener consisting of a shank partially or completely threaded shank, sometimes with a threaded point, and a head used to both hold the top material and to drive the screw either directly into a soft material or into a prepared hole.
- (nautical) A ship's propeller.
- An Archimedes screw.
- A steam vessel propelled by a screw instead of wheels.
- (derogatory) A role.
(vulgar, slang) To do with coitus.
Sexual intercourse; the act of screwing.
- 2001, Bárbara Mujica, Frida: A Novel of Frida Kahlo, Overlook Press (2012), ISBN 9781468300994, unnumbered page:
- 2007, Barry Calvert, Swingers 1, Matador (2007), ISBN 9781905886647, page 85:
- 2009, Kimberly Kaye Terry, The Sweet Spot, Aphrodisia Books (2009), ISBN 9780758228765, page 28:
A casual sexual partner.
- 1944, W. Somerset Maugham, The Razor's Edge, Vintage International (2003), ISBN 9780307785084, unnumbered page:
- 1990, Susan Lewis, Stolen Beginnings, HarperPaperbacks (1992), ISBN 9780061004414, page 122:
- 1993, William Gill, Fortune's Child, HarperCollins Canada (1994), ISBN 9780061091551, page 42:
- 2009, Sam Moffie, The Book of Eli, Mill City Press (2009), ISBN 9781936107353, page 6:
- Sexual intercourse; the act of screwing.
- (slang) Salary, wages.
- (billiards) Backspin.
- (slang) A small packet of tobacco.
- An unsound or worn-out horse, useful as a hack, and commonly of good appearance.
- (mathematics) A straight line in space with which a definite linear magnitude termed the pitch is associated. It is used to express the displacement of a rigid body, which may always be made to consist of a rotation about an axis combined with a translation parallel to that axis.
- An amphipod crustacean.
English - Verb
- (transitive) To connect or assemble pieces using a screw.
- (transitive, vulgar, slang) To have sexual intercourse with.
- (transitive, slang) To cheat someone or ruin their chances in a game or other situation. Sometimes used in the form "screw over".
- (transitive) To apply pressure on; to put the screws on.
- To practice extortion upon; to oppress by unreasonable or extortionate exactions.
(transitive) To contort.
1918, Edgar Rice Burroughs, The Land That Time Forgot Chapter V
- I had been calling Nobs in the meantime and was about to set out in search of him, fearing, to tell the truth, to do so lest I find him mangled and dead among the trees of the acacia grove, when he suddenly emerged from among the boles, his ears flattened, his tail between his legs and his body screwed into a suppliant S. He was unharmed except for minor bruises; but he was the most chastened dog I have ever seen.
- (soccer, transitive) To miskick (a ball) by hitting it with the wrong part of the foot.
- (billiard, snooker, pool) To screw back.
- (US, slang, dated) To examine (a student) rigidly; to subject to a severe examination.