English - Pronunciation
- IPA(key): /weɪd͡ʒ/
- Rhymes: -eɪdʒ
English - Etymology 1
From Anglo-Norman, from Old Northern French wage, a northern variant of Old French gauge, guage (whence modern French gage), itself (possibly through a Vulgar Latin root *wadium) from Frankish *waddi, wadja (cognate with Old English wedd), from Proto-Germanic *wadjō, *wadją (“pledge”), from Proto-Indo-European *wadʰ- (“to pledge, redeem a pledge”). Akin to Old Norse veþja "to pledge", Gothic wadi. Compare also the doublet gage. More at wed. Possible contributory etylomolgy from from the Old English wæge (meaning "weight," as wages at times have been goods or coin measured on a scale).
- An amount of money paid to a worker for a specified quantity of work, usually expressed on an hourly basis.
English - Etymology 2
From Middle English wagen (“to pledge”), from Anglo-Norman, Old Northern French wagier, a northern variant of Old French guagier (whence modern French gager), itself either from guage or from a derivative of Frankish *waddi, *wadja, possibly through a Vulgar Latin intermediate *wadiare from *wadium.
- (transitive, obsolete) To wager, bet.
- (transitive, obsolete) To expose oneself to, as a risk; to incur, as a danger; to venture; to hazard.
(transitive, obsolete) To employ for wages; to hire.
1485, Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book I, chapter xviij:
- Thenne said Arthur I wille goo with yow / Nay said the kynges ye shalle not at this tyme / for ye haue moche to doo yet in these landes / therfore we wille departe / and with the grete goodes that we haue goten in these landes by youre yeftes we shalle wage good knyghtes & withstande the kynge Claudas malyce
- Raphael Holinshed (1529-1580)
- 1485, Thomas Malory, Le Morte Darthur, Book I, chapter xviij:
- (transitive) To conduct or carry out (a war or other contest).
- (transitive) To adventure, or lay out, for hire or reward; to hire out.
- (obsolete, law, UK) To give security for the performance of.
- "Wage" collocates strongly with "war", leading to expressions such as To wage peace, or To wage football implying the inclusion of a large element of conflict in the action.
- wager (agent noun)