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ablative   
      

它有 8 信 ( a b l a t i v e )         4 元音 ( a a i e )         4 辅音 ( b l t v )         字相反 evitalba

其中类别ENGLISH - ETYMOLOGY
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English - Etymology

From Middle English, from Old French _ablatif_ (“the ablative case”), from Latin _ablātīvus_ (“expressing removal”), from Latin _ablātus_ (“taken away”), from Latin _auferō_ (“I take away”). The engineering/nautical sense is a back-formation from _ablate_.

From Middle English, from Old French ablatif (the ablative case), from Latin ablātīvus (expressing removal), from Latin ablātus (taken away), from Latin auferō (I take away). The engineering/nautical sense is a back-formation from ablate.

其中类别ENGLISH - PRONUNCIATION
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English - Pronunciation

* (grammar): (US) IPA(key): /ˈæb.lə.tɪv/ * (engineering, nautical): IPA(key): /əˈbleɪ.tɪv/

其中类别ENGLISH - ADJECTIVE
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English - Adjective

ABLATIVE (_not comparable_) * (grammar) Applied to one of the cases of the noun in some languages, the fundamental meaning of the case being removal, separation, or taking away, and to a lesser degree, instrument, place, accordance, specifications, price, or measurement. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).] * (obsolete) Pertaining to taking away or removing. [Attested from the mid 16th century until the early 18th century.] * Joseph Hall, 1622 Where the heart is forestalled with misopinion, ABLATIVE directions are found needful to unteach error, ere we can learn truth. * (engineering, nautical) Sacrificial, wearing away or being destroyed in order to protect the underlying, as in ablative paints used for antifouling. [First attested in 1959.]. * (medicine) Relating to the removal of a body part, tumor, or organ. [First attested in the mid 20th century.] * (geology) Relating to the erosion of a land mass; relating to the melting or evaporation of a glacier. [First attested in the mid 20th century.] DERIVED TERMS * ablativity TRANSLATIONS

ablative (not comparable)

  1. (grammar) Applied to one of the cases of the noun in some languages, the fundamental meaning of the case being removal, separation, or taking away, and to a lesser degree, instrument, place, accordance, specifications, price, or measurement. [First attested from around (1350 to 1470).]
  2. (obsolete) Pertaining to taking away or removing. [Attested from the mid 16th century until the early 18th century.]
  3. (engineering, nautical) Sacrificial, wearing away or being destroyed in order to protect the underlying, as in ablative paints used for antifouling. [First attested in 1959.].
  4. (medicine) Relating to the removal of a body part, tumor, or organ. [First attested in the mid 20th century.]
  5. (geology) Relating to the erosion of a land mass; relating to the melting or evaporation of a glacier. [First attested in the mid 20th century.]

Derived terms

Translations

其中类别ENGLISH - NOUN
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English - Noun

ABLATIVE (_plural_ ABLATIVES) * (grammar) The ablative case. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.] * An ablative material. [Mid 20th century.] TRANSLATIONS

ablative (plural ablatives)

  1. (grammar) The ablative case. [First attested around 1350 to 1470.]
  2. An ablative material. [Mid 20th century.]

Translations

其中类别ENGLISH - DERIVED TERMS
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English - Derived Terms

* ablative absolute

其中类别ENGLISH - REFERENCES
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English - References

* ^ William Morris (editor), _The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language_ (1971 [1969]; American Heritage Publishing Co., Inc.; ISBN 0-395-09066-0), page 3 * ↑ 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Lesley Brown (editor), _The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary_, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 5 * ^ The Works of Joseph Hall: Sermons (http://books.google.com/books?id=6KA9AAAAYAAJ), page 123 * ^ Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), _Chambers Dictionary of Etymology_ (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 [1998], ISBN 0550142304), page 3

  1. ^ William Morris (editor), The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (1971 [1969]; American Heritage Publishing Co., Inc.; ISBN 0-395-09066-0), page 3
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5 Lesley Brown (editor), The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition (Oxford University Press, 2003 [1933], ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7), page 5
  3. ^ The Works of Joseph Hall: Sermons (http://books.google.com/books?id=6KA9AAAAYAAJ), page 123
  4. ^ Elliott K. Dobbie, C. William Dunmore, Robert K. Barnhart, et al. (editors), Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (Chambers Harrap Publishers Ltd, 2004 [1998], ISBN 0550142304), page 3

其中类别FRENCH - ADJECTIVE
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French - Adjective

ABLATIVE f * feminine form of _ablatif_

ablative f

  1. feminine form of ablatif

其中类别ITALIAN - ADJECTIVE
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Italian - Adjective

ABLATIVE * feminine plural of _ablativo_

ablative

  1. feminine plural of ablativo

其中类别LATIN - ADJECTIVE
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Latin - Adjective

ABLATIVE * vocative masculine singular of _ablativus_

ablative

  1. vocative masculine singular of ablativus


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